Medinilla Gaudich.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to W. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Melastomataceae, G. E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic or terrestrial shrubs, sometimes scandent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite to verticillate, or rarely alternate, equal or anisophyllous; lamina with 1–many pairs of longitudinal nerves, rarely without
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal and/or axillary pedunculate panicles or cymes or rarely fascicles; bracts and bracteoles usually present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–5–6-merous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate or cylindrical and widened at the top, thin or fleshy, entire, minutely dentate or with irregular small lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals equal, rarely unequal, usually red or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8–12, equal, subequal or unequal; anthers subequal or unequal, opening by 1(–2) pores; connective not or hardly produced at the base, posteriorly terminating in a subulate or subulate-clavate spur, anteriorly terminating in 2 lobes or 2 linear appendages or exappendiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary adnate to the calyx, usually with 8, 10 or 12 septa above the middle (in Africa wholly adnate for most of its length), 4–5–6-locular; style filiform; stigma inconspicuous or rarely capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry enclosed within the persistent calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, semi-ovate, smooth or punctate
Distribution
About 400 species, widespread through Madagascar, tropical Asia and the Pacific, with two species in Africa.

Native to:

Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Hawaii

Medinilla Gaudich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2009 Kalat, A. et al. [161], Sarawak K000565894 No
Jul 1, 2009 Nilus [RWN 22], Sabah K000565895 No
Dec 13, 2004 Jimpin, S. [139120], Sabah K000260557 No
Apr 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [10331], New Guinea 70188.000 No
Apr 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [9019], New Guinea 62564.000 No
Apr 1, 2001 Triono, T. [139], New Guinea 70631.000 No
Coode, M.J.E. [5746], Philippines 51098.000 No
Coode, M.J.E. [6033], Indonesia 55433.000 No
de Vogel, E. [9045], Malaysia 56802.000 No
Jacobs [7938], Philippines 7688.000 No

First published in Voy. Uranie: 484 (1830)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —.F.T.A. 2: 460.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Freycinet, Voy. Bot.: 484 (1826)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0