Cressa cretica L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 223 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Medit. to Africa, W. & Central Asia to Indian Subcontinent. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae. Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
  • Al-Rawi, A. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Fl. Kuwait Convolvulaceae. Flora of Kuwait 1: 182-186. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS. Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae. The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Austin, D. F. (2000). A revision of Cressa L. (Convolvulaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133: 27-39.
  • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae. Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
  • Austin, D.F. in Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon Convolvulaceae. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 288-363. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
  • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae. Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
  • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae. Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Gray, A. in Gray, A. (1878). Convolvulaceae. Synoptical Flora of North America, edit. 1 2(2): 207-224, 394.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
  • Greuter, W., R. Pleger & T. Raus (1983). The vascular flora of the Karpathos island group (Dodecanesos, Greece). A preliminary checklist. Willdenowia 13: 43-78.
  • Grigor'ev, Y.S. (1974). Convolvulaceae. Flora of the USSR 19: 3-30. Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 17: 88-93.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae. Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
  • Jarvis, C.E. in Jarvis, C.E. (2007). Convolvulaceae. Order out of Chaos Linnean Soc. London & Nat. Hist. Museum.
  • Kitamura, S. in Kitamura, S. (1960). Fl. Afghanistan Convolvulaceae. Flora of Afghanistan 2: 309-313. Kyoto University.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora Cyprus CNV. Flora of Cyprus 2: 1166-1179. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae. Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
  • Norton, J. et al. in Norton, J. et al. (2009). Illustr. Cklist. Fl. Qatar Convolvulaceae. An illustrated checklist of the Flora of Qatar: 32-34. UNESCO Office in Doha.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 1: 1-366. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Nowroozi, M. in Assadi, M. & Khatamsaz, M. (2002). Convolvulaceae Fl. Iran. Flora of Iran 40: 1-110. Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture.
  • Parris, B.S. & R. Brummitt in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 197-222. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Siddiqi, M.A. in Jafri, S.M.H. & El-Gadi, A. (eds.) (1977). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Libya 45: 1-27. Al-Faateh University, Tripoli.
  • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae. Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1978). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': IV. Kew Bulletin 33: 159-168.
  • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae. A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Ooststroom, S.J. van (1972). Malesian CNV Addenda, corrigenda & emendanda III. Flora Malesiana 6: 936-941. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta. [Cited as Cressa australis.]

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 5, 6, 203.
  • Chev. Bot. 459
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 72
  • Sp. Pl. 223 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Al-Rawi, A. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Fl. Kuwait Convolvulaceae. Flora of Kuwait 1: 182-186. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
  • Austin, D. F. (2000). A revision of Cressa L. (Convolvulaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133: 27-39.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae. Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.
  • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
  • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
  • Grigor'ev, Y.S. (1974). Convolvulaceae. Flora of the USSR 19: 3-30. Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition. Sommerfeltia 17: 88-93.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae. Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
  • Lisowski, S. in Lisowski, S. (2009). Convolvulaceae. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée: 136-145. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora Cyprus CNV. Flora of Cyprus 2: 1166-1179. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae. Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1978). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': IV. Kew Bulletin 33: 159-168.
  • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae. A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Austin in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 133: 27–39 (2000).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. & Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2) : 72 (1905).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2 : 210 (1931).
  • L., Sp. Pl. : 223 (1753).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1934 Dawe, M.T. [5], Jordan K000286262 Yes
Archbold, E. [1080], Tanzania 6049.150 No
Hildebrandt, J.M. [3030], Madagascar K000384635 No
Methuan, P.A. [s.n.], Madagascar K000384637 No
McDonald [s.n.], Jordan K000286263 No
Perrier de la Bâthie, H. [s.n.], Madagascar K000384636 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2260] Cressa indica K001115502 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2260] Cressa indica K001115504 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2260] Cressa indica K001115503 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2260] Cressa indica K001115505 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2260], India Cressa indica K001115506 Yes

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images