Family:
Meliaceae Juss.

Lovoa Harms

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Large trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, unisexual (plants monoecious) in large panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobed almost to the base; lobes 2 + 2, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, free, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube cup-shaped or shortly cylindrical, the margin entire or with paired deltate-acuminate appendages alternating with the 8 anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk broadly cushion-shaped, enveloping the base of the ovary or pistillode, but free from the staminal tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4-locular, each locule with 4–6(–8) ovules; style-head discoid or capitate, obscurely 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a pendulous, elongate, tetragonal or ellipsoid, thinly woody, septifragal capsule, dehiscing from the apex or from the apex and base simultaneously, the valves thinly woody; columella softly woody, extending to the apex of the capsule, 4-ridged, each ridge shallowly indented with the imprints of 1–2 seeds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± 2 per locule, attached to the distal part of the columella by the wing-end, leaving inconspicuous scars on falling, the body of the seed hanging towards the apex of the capsule.

[FZ]

Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Large trees.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; leaflets entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers monoecious, borne in large panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobed almost to the base; lobes 2+2, imbricate, the outer larger than the inner.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, free, much longer than the calyx in bud, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube shortly cylindric or cup-shaped, margin entire or with very short broad teeth or with paired deltate-acuminate appendages alternating with the anthers; anthers 8.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk short, broad, cushion-shaped, enveloping the base of the ovary, but free from the staminal tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4-locular, each loculus with 2 rows of 2 ovules; style short; style-head capitate, obscurely 4-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a pendulous elongate tetragonal woody septifragal capsule, dehiscing from the apex or from the apex and base simultaneously; columella extending to the apex of the capsule, 4-ridged, softly woody, each face slightly indented with the imprints of 1–2 seeds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 (4) per loculus, but only 1–2 fertile, attached to the apex of the columella by the winged end of the seed and leaving inconspicuous scars on falling.

Native to:

Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Lovoa Harms appears in other Kew resources:

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(4): 307 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • E. & P. Pflanzenfam 19B, 1: 74 (1940).
  • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 23: 164 (1896)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 23: 164 (1896).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 523 (1975)
  • in E.J. 23: 164 (1896)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0