Dioscoreophyllum Engl.

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 181 (1895)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical Africa.

Descriptions

Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous, twining lianes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, longly petiolate, entire or lobed, often of various shapes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male inflorescences of axillary, longly pedunculate racemes Female inflorescences similar to the ♂
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers with 6–8 sepals in 2 whorls; petals absent; stamens 3–6, fused into a cylindrical or subglobular, sometimes flattened, sessile or stipitate synandrium; anther-thecae oblong, parallel, dehiscing longitudinally Female flowers with 6 sepals; petals absent; carpels 3–6, with thickened, recurved stigmas
sex Male
Male flowers with 6–8 sepals in 2 whorls; petals absent; stamens 3–6, fused into a cylindrical or subglobular, sometimes flattened, sessile or stipitate synandrium; anther-thecae oblong, parallel, dehiscing longitudinally Male inflorescences of axillary, longly pedunculate racemes
sex Female
Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ Female flowers with 6 sepals; petals absent; carpels 3–6, with thickened, recurved stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes subovoid, topped by the remains of the style and stigma; exocarp smooth and sometimes shining; endocarp crustaceous, verrucose, or covered on upper side with short prickles much enlarged at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with thick fleshy endosperm.
[FTEA]

Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male inflorescences of axillary, long-pedunculate racemes. Female inflorescences similar to the male.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with 6 sepals; petals absent; carpels 3–6, with thickened, recurved stigmas. Male flowers with 6–8 sepals in 2 whorls; petals absent; stamens 3–6, fused into a cylindric or subglobular, sometimes flattened, sessile or stipitate synandrium; anther-thecae oblong, parallel, dehiscing longitudinally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupelets subovoid, topped by the remains of the style and stigma; exocarp smooth and sometimes shining; endocarp crustaceous, verrucose or covered on the upper side with short prickles much enlarged at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with thick fleshy endosperm.
Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous twiners: Leaves simple, with long petioles, entire or lobed.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0