Curtisia dentata (Burm.f.) C.A.Sm.

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

[FZ]

Cornaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A shrub or small tree up to 8(13) m. high.
Morphology Twigs
Twigs densely covered with a rusty tomentum when young, becoming dark purplish brown and finally greyish and more or less glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, up to 10 × 5·5 cm., simple, ovate (elliptic), coriaceous.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina Leaf margin
Margins ± regularly serrate in the apical 1/2, the serrations becoming reduced in the basal 1/2 to subentire (very rarely the whole margin may be subentire); apex rounded to acute, occasionally with a small mucro; base rounded to cuneate, rarely slightly oblique.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Upper surface of the lamina glossy, glabrous but with some hairs along the main vein and some laterals; lower surface densely rusty tomentose when young becoming ± glabrous (apart from the veins) with maturity.
Morphology Leaves Leaf veins
Venation penninerved, regular and conspicuous; petioles up to 2·5 cm. long, tomentose when young, becoming less so with age.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of terminal panicles, the branches with a dense yellowish-brown tomentum.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts obvious, linear-lanceolate, tomentose, subtending the opposite primary branches of the panicle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile to very shortly pedicellate; calyx pubescent, adnate to the ovary but with 4 broadly triangular free teeth; petals 4, 1–1·5 × 0·75 mm., ovate, glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, alternating with and slightly shorter than the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior, turbinate, disk slightly conical, pubescent; style short with stigma with 4 short lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, 5–7 × 3–5 mm., subglobose to ovoid, crowned with the remains of the calyx and style, 4-locular with 1 seed in each loculus.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

St.Helena

Curtisia dentata (Burm.f.) C.A.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in J. S. African Forest. Assoc. 20: 34 50 (1951)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images