Crassula L.

Crassula zombensis Baker f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Malawi to W. Mozambique.


Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
A mat forming perennial herb or suffrutex with prostrate, woody, leafless, glabrous, branched main stem which emits erect or ascending branches.
Morphology Branches
Branches inserted 0·7-3 cm. apart, up to 11 cm. long and 0·5 cm. in diam., subquadrangular or cylindric, often 2-forked or sometimes simple, with brown-scarious ± fissured bark, leafless or, when simple, leafy upwards, glabrescent, with the scars of the fallen leaves ring-shaped and pale, rather visible but not prominent; branchlets of the year usually the only leafy, 1·5-6 cm. long, herbaceous, grey or green-yellowish, hispidulous, the hairs short, whitish; internodes 0·2-1·5 cm., all ± shorter than the leaves, the apical of the leafy branchlets the shortest ones.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1·3-4·5 cm. long and 2-10 mm. broad, linear, 3-gonous or semiterete (convex beneath and canaliculate above in the living state), obtuse at the apex, entire, slightly attenuate towards the base, sessile and very shortly connate, not ciliate at the obtuse margins, ± covered with whitish, short, appressed or subspreading, subretrorse hairs, fleshy in living state, rigid on drying, erect or erect-spreading, somewhat arched; leaves of the old branches falling off together with the connate base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, disposed in dense cymes, forming 4-7 branched corymb-like, terminal inflorescences, 2·3 cm. long and 3·5-5 cm. in diam.; peduncule 7·5-9 cm. long, slender, hispidulous, with 2-3 pairs of opposite bracts; pedicels up to 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2·5 mm. long, densely hispidulous by whitish hairs; sepals c. 2 x 1 mm., oblong-triangular, convex, fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 3·25-4·5 mm. long, stellate, white in living state, dark-brown on drying and forming a strong contrast in colour with the whitish calyx; petals 1·5-2·25 mm. broad, obovate, rounded at the top and with a subapical small mucro on the outside, smooth or nearly so, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments ± 2·75 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 2·5-3·5 mm. long, rather attenuate, with distinct, divergent styles and apical stigmas.
Morphology General Scales
Scales 0·4 mm., subrectangular.

Native to:

Malawi, Mozambique

Crassula zombensis Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Leach, L.C. [11483], Mozambique K000285847
Salubeni, A.J. [812], Malawi K000285845
Brummitt, R.K. [12377], Malawi K000285844
Jan 1, 1978 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi Crassula swaziensis var. zombensis K000310459 Unknown type material

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 266 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.