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This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica.

COSTA RICA. Cartago. Heredia. Limon. Puntarenas. San Jose.
General Description
Habit: solitary, erect or rarely decumbent, 1-2 m tall. Stem: 1.8-2 cm diam., green, smooth, ringed, 4-8 cm long, prominent brown stilt roots to 10-15 cm high basally. Leaves: 3-5, erect-spreading, pinnate; sheath to 30 cm long, obliquely open apically and split opposite petiole, green but distinctly pale or yellow-margined, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole to 50 cm long, slightly grooved above toward base, rounded and pale-banded below; rachis to 80 cm long, angled and green above, rounded below with a pale band extending onto sheath; pinnae 6-11 on each side of rachis, to 35 x 6.5 cm, lanceolate, sigmoid, falcate, subopposite, regularly arranged, long-acuminate, slightly drooping apically, slightly contracted basally, shining green, 7-9 prominent and equidistant primary nerves above, apical pinnae wider with more nerves. Inflorescences: interfoliar but often infrafoliar in fruit, erect, spicate or sometimes staminate forked or rarely few-branched; peduncles to 30 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide at base, 1 cm wide at apex, pale in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 4-6, green, deciduous. Staminate with rachis or flower-bearing portion or rachillae to 10-15 cm long, pendulous. Pistillate with rachis or flower-bearing portion to 12 cm long, straight and stiff in flower, curved, swollen, downward-pointing, and red-orange in fruit. Flowers: densely packed, contiguous in bud, angled from mutual pressure. Staminate white; calyx prominent, 3 x 2.5-3 mm, deeply lobed, sepals connate in basal 1/3, straight or rounded apically, ± double along upper margins; petals 3.5 x 2.25 mm, valvate, spreading distally; stamens prominent, filaments 4 x 0.75 mm, curved distally, anthers 1 x 0.5 mm, borne at tips of filaments and exserted above petals at anthesis, forming a stellate pattern on surface of flower; pistillode 2.5 x 0.5 mm, columnar, shorter than anthers. Pistillate 2.5-3.5 x 2.5 mm, irregular, yellowish; calyx prominent, 1.5 x 2.5 mm, ± unlobed or only slightly notched, a ringlike sheath, sepals connate to apex, ± not distinct; petals not open, imbricate, hooded, flat spically; staminodes lacking; pistil 2 mm diam., ± globose. Fruits: to 13 x 9 mm, ± triangular, rounded apically, densely packed, angled by mutual pressure, green when immature changing to red or orange near maturity and then black when soft-ripe; seeds to 8 x 6 mm, ellipsoid.
Wet forest on the Pacific and Atlantic slopes; 1,000 m elevation.

Native to:

Costa Rica

Chamaedorea crucensis Hodel appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Principes 34: 166 (1990)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.


Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • Hodel, D. 1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet Accessed on 21/04/2013
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