Genus:
Hordeum L.

Hordeum muticum J.Presl

This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru to N. Argentina.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; (6-)15-50(-70) cm long; 2-6 -noded. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 3-12 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 20-90 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Rhachis internodes cuneate; 0.7-1.5 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong; 1-2.5 mm long.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-8 mm long; shorter than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes 4-8 mm long. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; exserted from glumes; 3.5-4.5 mm long; muticous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-8 mm long; shorter than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes 4-8 mm long. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; exserted from glumes; 3.5-4.5 mm long; muticous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes collateral; similar; reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet; gaping. Lower glume subulate; 4-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume. Upper glume subulate; 4-8 mm long; 1-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 4-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acuminate; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0-4 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Rhachilla extension 0.7-0.9 length of fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; ciliate. Anthers 3; 1-3 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side; 2.9-3.6 mm long; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
South America: western South America and southern South America.
Reference
Triticeae. WDC.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Native to Colombia.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile North, Peru

Introduced into:

Ecuador

Hordeum muticum J.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Rico, L. [1255], Bolivia K000295277 No
Rico, L. [1230], Bolivia K000295074 No

First published in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 327 (1830)

Accepted by

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Dempewolf, H., Eastwood, R. J., Guarino, L., Khoury, C. K., Müller, J. V. & Toll, J. (2014). Adapting agriculture to climate change: a global initiative to collect, conserve, and use crop wild relatives. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 38, 369-377.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0