Genus:
Cardamine L.

Cardamine obliqua Hochst. ex A.Rich.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania, Mexico to Ecuador. It is used for food.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, with single to numerous shoots arising from a creeping rhizome.
Morphology Stem
Stems 10–120 cm. long, decumbent to ascending or nearly erect, basally often much branched, rooting, persistent, often with sprouting new shoots, glabrous to densely pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnate, oblong in outline, 2–17 cm. long, 1–6 cm. broad, with long (in the uppermost short) non-clasping petioles, glabrous to densely hispidulous; rosette and cauline leaves with leaflets of similar shape, only in the uppermost narrower; leaflets elliptic to suborbicular in outline, obtuse to acute, truncate to cuneate, entire to coarsely dentate or incised (in vigorous specimens occasionally with secondary leaflets); terminal leaflet usually larger than the laterals, petioled; lateral leaflets sessile or with up to 20 mm. long petioles in 2–5 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes mostly terminal with 5–30 flowers on 2–5 mm. long pedicels, in fruit elongate with ascending 10–20 mm. long pedicels with ± erect siliquae.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green to purplish with white margins, 2–4 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, pink or violet, spathulate, obtuse, at least twice as long as the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, the longer filaments broadly linear, the shorter widening basally; anthers 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindrical, with a short narrow style and rather flat stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliqua glabrous, linear, 14–60 mm. long, 1–2.1 mm. broad, tapered towards the style, which is 1.8–4 mm. long and 0.5–0.8 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reddish brown, suborbicular to oblong in outline, 1.2–2.2 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, finely rugose.
Habitat
In moist forest, moors, on shores of lakes and streams (montane forest to alpine belts); 2000–4900 m.
Distribution
also on the Zaire and Rwanda side of the Ruwenzori and Virunga Mts. and in the Ethiopian highlands K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T6 T7 U2 U3

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2150–3000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Caldas, Cauca, Nariño.
Habit
Herb.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2150 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.

Native to:

Colombia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Zaïre

Cardamine obliqua Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2210], Kenya K000332960 No
Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2253], Kenya K000332961 No
Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2442], Kenya K000332962 No
Jan 1, 1979 Schimper [989], Ethiopia K000230709 isotype No
Jan 1, 1979 Dent [1310], Kenya K000332970 No
Jan 1, 1979 Bally, P.R.O. [2798], Kenya K000332966 No
Jan 1, 1978 Thulin, M. [s.n.], Kenya K000332971 No
Jan 1, 1953 Rob, E. [1376], Kenya K000332967 No
Jan 1, 1953 Hedberg, O. [862], Kenya K000332968 No
Schimper [989], Ethiopia K000230711 Yes
Schimper [15], Ethiopia K000230710 Yes
Bogdan, A. [5146], Kenya K000332965 No
Greenway, P.J. [15094], Kenya K000332963 No
Coe, M. [743], Kenya K000332964 No
Bally, P.R.O. [28], Kenya K000332969 No
Jan 1, 1963 Hinton, B. [6080], Mexico Cardamine obliqua var. stylosa K000485041 isotype Yes
Goudot [s.n.], Colombia Cardamine tolimensis K000485014 Yes

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 260 (1915).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847).
  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 97 (1974).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 153 (1954).
  • Hedb. in Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 49 (1964).
  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 125 (1976).
  • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 92 (1957).
  • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 32: 517 (1903).
  • O.E. Schulz in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 9: 1106 (1927).
  • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 536 (1951).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 216 (1948).
  • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 1: 75 (1867).

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0