Genus:
Passiflora L.

Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niels. & P.M.Jørg.

This variety is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Venezuela and Peru. It is used as a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for food.

[UPFC]
Vernacular
Curubo, Curubo de castilla, Kama kama, Kita jampaway, Parcha, Tacso, Tintin, Trompos, Tumbis, Tumbo, Tumpu, Yopokolo

[UPFC]
Distribution
Native to Colombia.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), desert, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Curuba

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Climber to 20 m., perennial, subglabrous to densely pubescent throughout; stem terete, finely striate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 3-lobed, the depth varying from about half-way to ± six-sevenths, in outline suborbicular, 5–11 by 6–13 cm., base truncate to cordate, 3(–5)-nerved from the base, membranous to thinly coriaceous, glabrous or subglabrous above, pubescent to various degrees beneath; lobes elliptic to lanceolate, 2.5–6 cm., top acute or up to 1.5 cm. acuminate; margin glandular serrate-dentate up to 2 mm.; petiole 0.7–2.5(–5) cm.
Morphology General Glands
Glands on petiole absent or mostly 2–5 pairs, minute, sessile or subsessile; blade-glands, except marginal glands and sometimes a small gland in the lobe-sinuses, absent.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules subcircular or obliquely reniform, either ± 2 mm. or ± 0.5(–0.9) cm. in diameter, finely glandular dentate, if small caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1-flowered, the peduncle 1.5–5 cm., inserted beside a simple tendril 5–18 cm.; bracts and bracteoles 2–4 cm., acute-acuminate, connate for half-way to up to ± three-fourths, forming a tubiform involucre.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5–10 cm. in diameter, pinkish or pinkish red to pinkish orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium tubiform, (5–)6–9 by 0.5–1.5 cm.; sepals oblong, 2–5.5 cm., subobtuse, mucronate below apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong, 2–5 cm., obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona a low lobulate edge at the throat of the hypanthium; operculum an inward curved membrane, at the base of the hypanthium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 6–10 cm..
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 10–15 mm., dilated; anthers 7–13 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary oblong, 10–12 mm., pubescent; styles 10–15 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rather dry, ± ellipsoid, excluding the long gynophore 6–12 cm. long, softly pubescent, yellowish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, ellipsoid, ± 6 mm.
Habitat
Cultivated as an ornamental in gardens, nurseries, etc., and often escaped, growing in forest edges, clearings, etc.; 1000–3000 m.
Distribution
introduced in many tropical countries K2 K3 K4

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. and A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous perennial climber reaching to 20 m., with pendulous flowers.
Morphology Stem
Stems terete, densely and softly yellow-tomentose; internodes 4–5 cm. or more long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 5–10 × 6–12 cm., 3(5)-lobed to c. 2/3 of its length, the lobes 3–4 cm. broad, ovate or ovate-oblong, acute, the sinuses also acute, sharply serrate-dentate and glandular at margin, subcordate at the base, membranous, softly pubescent above, greyish- or yellowish-tomentose beneath; petiole up to 3 cm. long, canaliculate, with 8–12 small sessile glands near the margin; stipules 7–9 × 3–4 mm., subreniform, aristate, denticulate or subentire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 2–6 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2·5–3 cm. long, united for 1/2 to 3/4 their length, acute at apex, entire-margined, softly tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2·5–5·5 × 1–1·5 cm., oblong, obtuse, shortly horned below the apex. Calyx-tube 6·5–8 cm. long, c. 1 cm. in diameter, glabrous, rarely pubescent, olive-green, often red outside, white inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals almost as long as the sepals, obtuse, pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona consisting of a purple band with a few pinkish tubercles or crenulations.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Operculum
Operculum white, recurved at the margin, subentire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 9 × 3 mm., oblong, sericeous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6–7 × 3–3·5 cm., oblong-ovoid, green when unripe, orange-yellow when ripe, softly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds up to 6 × 5 mm., broadly obovate, asymmetrical, reticulate.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Hawaii, Kenya, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Victoria, Zimbabwe

English
Banana Passion Flower

Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niels. & P.M.Jørg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 24, 2009 Takeuchi, W. et al [20170], Papua New Guinea Passiflora mollissima K000229971 No
Papua New Guinea Passiflora mollissima K000229971 No

First published in Fl. Ecuador 31: 80 (1988)

Accepted by

  • (2017). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317142455. epublication.

Not accepted by

  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela. [Cited as Passiflora mollissima.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1996). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 10: 1-426. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico. Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. (1975). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Passifloraceae: 1-70.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • García Castro, N. J. (2011). Plantas nativas empleadas en alimentación en Colombia. Instituo de Investigaciones Biológicas Alexander von Humboldt. http://repository.humboldt.org.co/handle/20.500.11761/31275

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0