Medusanthera Seem.

First published in J. Bot. 2: 74 (1864)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Thailand to W. Pacific.

Descriptions

Utteridge, T.M.A. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9266-z

Type
Type species: M. vitiensis Seem.
Morphology General Habit
Dioecious trees
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum of short simple hairs
Morphology Branches
Branches terete
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, subdistichous, margins entire, pinnately veined; stipules lacking; petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1 (– 3) per axil, compound racemose or umbellate, ultimate branches ending in a cyme or irregular cyme; pedicels short, bracteate, articulated at the base of the calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Pistillate flowers as staminate except buds cucullate, staminodes with shorter filaments, usually glabrous, anthers sterile and indistinct; ovary cylindrical, glabrous, with a distinct lateral swelling, unilocular with 2 pendant apical ovules; stigma sessile, subcapitate Staminate flowers pentamerous rarely tetramerous, buds clavate, calyx gamosepalous, usually glabrous; petals valvate seemingly fused in bud but free, white, cream coloured or light yellowish green white, glabrous; filaments flattened and fleshy hairy to densely hairy with numerous linear, clavate membranous hairs halfway along the filament to immediately below the anthers; anthers elliptic-oblong, dehiscing introrsely; pistillode ovoid, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits drupaceous, narrowly elliptic to broadly oblong, truncate at the base, apex truncate to cuneate, glabrous, laterally compressed, flat or curved, the concave side bearing a large fleshy yellow, pink or white pulviniform appendage superficial to the thin sarcocarp, convex side with a central ridge with several smaller ridges on either side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, pendent, endosperm abundant, embryo minute.
[KBu]

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0