Family:
Araceae Juss.

Philodendron spiritus-sancti G.S.Bunting

This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Espírito Santo).

[KBu]

Sakuragui, C., Mayo, S., & Zappi, D. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of Brazilian Species of Philodendron Section Macrobelium. Kew Bulletin, 60(4), 465-513. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/25070239

Conservation
Data deficient (DD). Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species. Although an attempt at recollection was made, Philodendron spiritus-sancti was not found in the type locality nor in other areas of Espírito Santo state; it is therefore still very poorly known.
Distribution
So far known only from the type locality, Domingos Martins, Espírito Santo state, Brazil.
Ecology
Hemi-epiphytic in tropical forest; 650 m.
Morphology General Habit
Hemi-epiphytic vine
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blade 57 - 63 x 11 - 12.5 cm (cultivated material shorter and broader), triangular, apex acute, base cordate-sagittate, distinctly paler on lower surface, margin vinaceous, chartaceous to subcoriaceous; anterior division 43 - 49 x 11-11.5 cm, primary lateral veins 4 per side; posterior divisions 11 - 14 x 4.5 - 6 cm, acroscopic vein 1 per side, basioscopic vein 1 per side; basal veins 1-4, none or rarely 1 free to base; posterior rib not naked
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 35 - 60 cm long, dark green, dull
Morphology Leaves Prophyll
Prophyll not seen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 1-1.5 x 0.7 - 1 mm; intermediate staminodes 1.8 - 3.5 x 1.6-3 mm; apical staminodes 1.5-2 x 1-1.8 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynoecium 2 - 2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovoid, ovary 7-13 locular, ovules 3-4 per locule, placentation sub-basal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries immature, 3.2-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm, yellowish green; seed 0.4 cm long, fusiform, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
1-4 per floral sympodium, peduncle 3.5 - 5 cm long, greenish-vinaceous, with red apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe 15 -18 x 2.8-3.2 cm long, narrowly ovate, weakly constricted, outside greenish-vinaceous, with vinaceous marks at the base, inside red at base with blade white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spadix
Spadix 12.5-17 cm long; male zone 3.7-4.5 cm long, cream; intermediate male sterile zone 1-1.4 cm long, white; apical male sterile zone 3.5 - 4.5 cm long, cream; female zone 5 - 6.5 cm long, greenish
Note
It can be recognized by the very long, triangular anterior division and straight lobes of the posterior divisions. The ovaries have many locules (up to 13). Its vegetative characters place it in a group including Philodendron hastatum, P. aemulum and P. curvilobum from which it differs by the relative length of the anterior division (at least four times longer than the posterior division); in the other three species the anterior division is normally up to three times longer than the posterior division, occasionally approaching four times.
Type
Brazil, Espírito Santo. Domingos Martins, "Morro do Suido" [Suiço?], Bunting B82 - 28 (holotype NY).

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Phenology
No data.
General Description
Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem: not seen. Prophyll not seen. LEAVES: Petiole 35-60 cm long, dark green, dull. Leaf blade 57-63 x 11-12.5 cm (cultivated material shorter and broader), triangular, apex acute, base cordate-sagittate, distinctly paler on lower surface, margin vinaceous, chartaceous to subcoriaceous; anterior division 43-49 x 11-11.5 cm, primary lateral veins 4 per side; posterior divisions 11-14 x 4.5-6 cm, acroscopic vein 1 per side, basioscopic vein 1 per side; basal veins 1-4, none or rarely 1 free to base; posterior rib not naked. INFLORESCENCE: 1-4 per floral sympodium, peduncle 3.5-5 cm long, greenish-vinaceous, with red apex. Spathe 15-18 x 2.8-3.2 cm long, narrowly ovate, weakly constricted, outside greenish-vinaceous, with vinaceous marks at the base, inside red at base with blade white. Spadix 12.5-17 cm long; male zone 3.7-4.5 cm long, cream; intermediate male sterile zone 1-1.4 cm long, white; apical male sterile zone 3.5-4.5 cm long, cream; female zone 5-6.5 cm long, greenish. Flowers: stamens 1-1.5 x 0.7-1 mm; intermediate staminodes 1.8-3.5 x 1.6-3 mm; apical staminodes 1.5-2 x 1-1.8 mm; gynoecium 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovoid, ovary 7-13-locular, ovules 3-4 per locule, placentation sub-basal. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries immature, 3.2-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm, yellowish-green; seed 0.4 cm long, fusiform, white.
Conservation
Data deficient (DD). Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species.
Distribution
So far known only from the type locality, Domingos Martins, Espírito Santo state, Brazil.
Habitat
Hemi-epiphytic in tropical forest.

Native to:

Brazil Southeast

Philodendron spiritus-sancti G.S.Bunting appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Phytologia 61: 441 (1987)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. 2005. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull.. 60: 465-513

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0