Erucastrum arabicum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Namibia, Arabian Peninsula.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual erect herb, up to 100 cm tall, sparsely to moderately hispid
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves petiolate, up to 18 x 5 cm, spathulate to lyrate-pinnatifid (or even pinnatisect); margins irregularly dentate, sinuate or repand; upper leaves ± sessile, smaller, less divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes ebracteate or with bracts at the lowermost pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2.5–3.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3.5–6 mm long, bright yellow, spathulate to almost clawed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliquae 15–50 x c. 1.5 mm, straight; beak 1.5–4.5 mm long; valves glabrous to sparsely hispidulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–20 mm long, ascending
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.8–1.2 mm long, light to dark brown, smooth or very finely reticulate.
Distribution
N1–3 East Africa
Ecology
Altitude range 1200–1600 m.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, up to 100 cm. high with 1-few shoots from the base, unbranched or with rather few long branches in the upper part, sparsely hispid on stem and leaves.
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves petiolate, up to 18 cm. long and 5 cm. broad, spathulate to lyrate-pinnatifid, with up to 4 pairs of triangular to oblong lateral lobes, margins irregularly dentate, sinuate or repand; upper leaves similar but ± sessile, shorter, narrower and usually less divided.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes ebracteate or with bracts at the lowermost pedicels, dense, with numerous small flowers; in fruit lax, up to 40 cm. long with 5–20 mm. long ascending slender pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals oblong, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, sparsely hispidulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, spathulate to almost clawed, with oblong blade, 3.5–6 mm. long, ± 2 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Longer stamens 4–5.5 mm. long, anthers ± 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectaries as lobes at both sides of each lateral stamen and as one lobe outside each pair of median stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary glabrous or with short hairs; stigma semiglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliquae straight, often torulose, 15–50 mm. long, ± 1.5 mm. broad; beak 1.5–4.5 mm. long; valves glabrous or sparsely hispidulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds light to dark brown, oblong to elliptic in outline, 0.8–1.2 mm. long, smooth to very finely reticulate.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
Disturbed places in upland forest and cultivated land; near sea-level to 2500 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 U2 Probably indigenous in the Ethiopian area and montane E. Africa, perhaps in Namibia but in many regions an introduced weed

Native to:

Botswana, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, Kenya, Namibia, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Erucastrum arabicum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2012 Congdon, T.C.E. [779], Tanzania K000823871 No
Jan 1, 1996 Glover, P.E. [1132], Somalia K000230310 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1996 Glover, P.E. [1132], Somalia K000230311 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Schimper, W. [941], Arabian Peninsula K000653855 isosyntype Yes
Jan 1, 1985 s.coll. [4160], Arabian Peninsula K000653857 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Fischer [s.n.], Arabian Peninsula K000653856 isosyntype Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Arabian Peninsula K000653858 Yes
Dowson, W.J. [3], Kenya Brassica arabica K000230328 No

First published in Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 5: 35 (1839)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by B. Jonsell [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 261 (1915).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 25 (1847).
  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 94 (1974).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 147 (1954).
  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 224 (1892).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 189, fig. 28/E (1960).
  • Fisch. & Mey. in Ind. Sem. Hort. Bot. Petropol. 5: 35 (1838).
  • Fischer & Meyer in Linnaea 13, Litt. bericht für 1839: 109 (1839).
  • Hainz, Schreiber & Marais in Prodr. Fl. Südwestafr. 48: 3 (1966).
  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 127 (1976).
  • Marais in Flora of Southern Africa 13: 9 (1970).
  • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 105, 70: 96 (1919).
  • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 528 (1951).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 212 (1948).
  • Schweinf. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, App. II: 182 (1896).

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0