Solanum mammosum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 187 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical America. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.


Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Burundi, China South-Central, China Southeast, Fiji, Ghana, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Taiwan, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International.
  • (2021). GBIF species matching tool.
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture.
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor).
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Germán Torres-Morales (Originador, Editor), Laura Nova (Originador), Jhon Estupián (Editor), Lina García (Contacto del recurso). Lista de especies de plantas y murciélagos de la cuenca del río Claro, Antioquia. 2746 especies.
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021);
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 60: 712 (1973)
  • Biol. & Tax. Solanaceae: 576 (1979)
  • Bothalia 18: 83 (1988)
  • Bothalia 25: 51 (1995)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 250 (1852)
  • Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl. 4: 435 (1837)
  • Dunal, Synopsis: 41 (1816)
  • E.J. 81: 301, 321 (1962)
  • F.Z. 8, 4: 70 (2005).
  • Gentes Herb. 12: 253 (1984)
  • J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 103 (1981)
  • Jaeger, Syst. stud. Solanum in Africa: 479 (1985, ined.)
  • Mansfeld, Encycl. Ag. & Hort. Crops 4: 1832 (2001)
  • RHS Gard. Dict. 4: 319 (1997)
  • Solanaceae III: 260, 264 (1991)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 187 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2009 s.coll. [s.n.] K001058367 Yes
Jun 14, 2007 Ambriansyah et al. [AA 3107], Kalimantan K000224429 Yes
Jul 12, 1976 Fróes, R.L. [21068], Brazil K001058369 Yes
Jul 12, 1976 Glaziou [5954], Brazil K001058368 Yes
22113.000 No
29380.000 No
Chapman, J.D. [6129], Malawi 54376.000 No
Abdulkadin [18058], Malaysia K001153259 Yes
Wiakabu, J. [LAE73484], Papua New Guinea K001153750 Yes
Vinas, A.N. [321], Papua New Guinea K001153752 Yes
Plowman, T.C. [1048], USA K001169295 Yes
Warington, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169296 Yes
Nee, M. [s.n.], USA K001169297 Yes
Gaumer, G.F. [998] K001160532 Yes
Gentle, P.H. [1260], Belize K001160536 Yes
Combs, R. [209], Cuba K001161232 Yes
Vélez, I. [3130], British Virgin Is. K001161233 Yes
Jenman [6473], Guyana K001161759 Yes
Cazalet, P.C.D. [5022], Ecuador K001164509 Yes
Smith, H.H. [329] K001164516 Yes
s.coll [165] K001164513 Yes
Codd, L.E.W. [6569], South Africa K001169289 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [11594], Hong Kong K001169290 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [1814], Guyana K001161757 Yes
s.coll [612], Jamaica K001164527 Yes
Pennington, T.D. [5022], Ecuador K001164496 Yes
Tate, R. [263], Nicaragua K001160533 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Jamaica K001164519 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [5115], Thailand K001153325 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [11262], Hong Kong K001169291 Yes
Heyde [3820], Guatemala K001160534 Yes
Lehmannianae, F.C. [4729], Colombia K001164508 Yes
Imbert, A.E.T. [H64/58], Kenya K001169294 Yes
Herb R.E.P. [22503] K001153171 Yes
s.coll [H64/58], Kenya K001169292 Yes
Spruce, R. [3887], Peru K000201810 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001161754 Yes
Katik, P. [LAE62167], Papua New Guinea K001153751 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], French Guiana K001161761 Yes
Baker, M.A. [6035], Ecuador K001164495 Yes
Herb Tonduz, A. [12786], Costa Rica K001160537 Yes
Herb. v. Royen [s.n.] K001161753 Yes
Schultes, R.E. [s.n.], Colombia K001164491 Yes
Schodde, R. [2330A], Papua New Guinea K001153753 Yes
Holton, I.F. [564] K001164503 Yes
Imbert, A.E.T. [H64/58], Kenya K001169293 Yes
Plowman, T. [4236], Colombia K001164506 Yes
Frodin [2365] K001153749 Yes
Lemann [s.n.], Panama K001164512 Yes
Harrison, S.G. [1423], Guyana K001161756 Yes
Herb Forsyth [s.n.], Jamaica K001164518 Yes
Lister [669], Venezuela K001164497 Yes
Jenman [6473], Guyana K001161760 Yes
Fenoler, A. [610] K001164505 Yes
s.coll [164] K001164514 Yes
Lister, J.R.A. [669], Venezuela K001164500 Yes
Abullah, M.H. [Ha65], Brunei K001153496 Yes
Dewol, S. [134963], Malaysia K001153493 Yes
Jenman, G.S. [6479], Guyana K001161758 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001164517 Yes
Thomas, S.M. [48], Colombia K001164501 Yes
Holguer Lugo, S. [2224], Ecuador K001164492 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [5115], Thailand K001153326 Yes
Tafur, V. [231], Ecuador K001164494 Yes
Cuadra, A. [A1257], Malaysia K001153495 Yes
Creagh, C.M.G. [s.n.], Malaysia K001153492 Yes
Harrison, S.G. [1423], Guyana K001161762 Yes
s.coll [203] K001169285 Yes
Chapman, J.D. [s.n.], Malawi K001169287 Yes
s.coll [977] K001164510 Yes
Herb Tonduz, A. [12786], Costa Rica K001160538 Yes
s.coll [205], Panama K001164511 Yes
Jawa, R. [S67362], Malaysia K001153494 Yes
s.coll [164], Panama K001164515 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [2320], Thailand K001153327 Yes
Akip, M. [S37664], Malaysia K001153491 Yes
Holguer Lugo, S. [3146], Ecuador K001164493 Yes
Meebold, A.E. [7661], Burma K001153172 Yes
Lister [521], Venezuela K001164499 Yes
Williams, R.S. [422], Bolivia K001164504 Yes
Schipp, W.A. [S-664], Belize K001160535 Yes
Hansell, J. [9505], Solomon Is. K001155326 Yes
Gorinsky, C. [15], Guyana K001161763 Yes
Langlasse, E. [45], Colombia K001164507 Yes
Lister [521], Venezuela K001164498 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Colombia K001164502 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [10147], Zimbabwe K001169288 Yes
Jenman [6483A], Guyana K001161755 Yes
Spruce, R. [3887], Peru K000201811 Yes
South Africa Solanum platanifolium 11199.000 No
Nepal Solanum platanifolium 28272.000 No
Solanum platanifolium 29028.000 No


  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia