Solanum mammosum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 187 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical America. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Burundi, China South-Central, China Southeast, Fiji, Ghana, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Taiwan, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Aubriot, X. & Knapp, S. (2022). A revision of the "spiny solanums" of Tropical Asia (Solanum, the Leptostemonum Clade, Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 198: 1-270.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Hợp, V.V. (2017). Thực Vật Chí Việt Nam. Flora of Vietnam 17: 1-324. Nhà xuất bản khoa học và kỹ thuật, Hà Nội.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aubriot, X. & Knapp, S. (2022). A revision of the "spiny solanums" of Tropical Asia (Solanum, the Leptostemonum Clade, Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 198: 1-270.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Germán Torres-Morales (Originador, Editor), Laura Nova (Originador), Jhon Estupián (Editor), Lina García (Contacto del recurso). Lista de especies de plantas y murciélagos de la cuenca del río Claro, Antioquia. 2746 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_rioclaro_faunaflora_201
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 60: 712 (1973)
  • Biol. & Tax. Solanaceae: 576 (1979)
  • Bothalia 18: 83 (1988)
  • Bothalia 25: 51 (1995)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 250 (1852)
  • Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl. 4: 435 (1837)
  • Dunal, Synopsis: 41 (1816)
  • E.J. 81: 301, 321 (1962)
  • F.Z. 8, 4: 70 (2005).
  • Gentes Herb. 12: 253 (1984)
  • J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 103 (1981)
  • Jaeger, Syst. stud. Solanum in Africa: 479 (1985, ined.)
  • Mansfeld, Encycl. Ag. & Hort. Crops 4: 1832 (2001)
  • RHS Gard. Dict. 4: 319 (1997)
  • Solanaceae III: 260, 264 (1991)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 187 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2015 Mackee, H.S. [31708] New Caledonia K001155421 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 s.coll. [s.n.] K001058367 Yes
Jun 14, 2007 Ambriansyah et al. [AA 3107] Indonesia K000224429 Yes
Jul 12, 1976 Glaziou [5954] Brazil K001058368 Yes
Jul 12, 1976 Fróes, R.L. [21068] Brazil K001058369 Yes
Herb. v. Royen [s.n.] K001161753 Yes
Cazalet, P.C.D.; Pennington, T.D. [5022] Ecuador K001164509 Yes
Dewol, S.; Laurencius, H. [134963] Malaysia K001153493 Yes
Jenman [6473] Guyana K001161759 Yes
Abdulkadin [18058] Malaysia K001153259 Yes
Meebold, A.E. [7661] BU K001153172 Yes
Tate, R. [263] Nicaragua K001160533 Yes
K:SPC-22113.000 No
s.coll [s.n.] K001161754 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [11262] Hong Kong K001169291 Yes
Seemann, B.C. [164] Panama K001164514 Yes
Heyde; Lux [3820] Guatemala K001160534 Yes
Baker, M.A. [6035] Ecuador K001164495 Yes
Gorinsky, C. [15] Guyana K001161763 Yes
Jenman [6473] Guyana K001161760 Yes
Seemann, B.C. [164] Panama K001164515 Yes
Lehmann, F.C. [4729] Colombia K001164508 Yes
United States K:SPC-66063.000 No
Herb Tonduz, A. [12786] Costa Rica K001160537 Yes
Tafur, V. [231] Ecuador K001164494 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] French Guiana K001161761 Yes
s.coll [612] Jamaica K001164527 Yes
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J.; Nic Lughadha, E.M.; Welle, B.J.H., ter; Gopaul, D. [1814] Guyana K001161757 Yes
Holton, I.F. [564] Colombia K001164503 Yes
Seemann, B.C. [s.n.] Panama K001164512 Yes
André, E. [977] Colombia K001164510 Yes
Harrison, S.G. [1423] Guyana K001161756 Yes
K:SPC-29380.000 No
Plowman, T.C. [1048] United States K001169295 Yes
Imbert, A.E.T. [H64/58] Kenya K001169293 Yes
Akip, M. [S37664] Malaysia K001153491 Yes
Lister, J.R.A. [669] Venezuela K001164500 Yes
Jenman [6483A] Guyana K001161755 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [10147] Zimbabwe K001169288 Yes
Gentle, P.H. [1260] Belize K001160536 Yes
Warington, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K001169296 Yes
Plowman, T.; Davis, W.; Jacobs, L. [4236] Colombia K001164506 Yes
Schodde, R. [2330A] Papua New Guinea K001153753 Yes
Nee, M. [s.n.] United States K001169297 Yes
Singapore K:SPC-66051.000 No
Seemann, B.C. [165] Panama K001164513 Yes
Frodin; Morren; Gabir [2365] K001153749 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [2320] Thailand K001153327 Yes
Jenman, G.S. [6479] Guyana K001161758 Yes
Thomas, S.M. [48] Colombia K001164501 Yes
Harrison, S.G. [1423] Guyana K001161762 Yes
Pennington, T.D. [5022] Ecuador K001164496 Yes
Langlasse, E. [45] Colombia K001164507 Yes
Wright, W. [s.n.] Jamaica K001164518 Yes
Schultes, R.E.; Cabrera, I. [s.n.] Colombia K001164491 Yes
Fendler, A. [610] Trinidad and Tobago K001164505 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [5115] Thailand K001153326 Yes
Cuadra, A. [A1257] Malaysia K001153495 Yes
Lister, J.R.A. [669] Venezuela K001164497 Yes
Sinclair, A. [s.n.] Colombia K001164502 Yes
Lister, J.R.A. [521] Venezuela K001164499 Yes
Lister, J.R.A. [521] Venezuela K001164498 Yes
Schomburgk, R.H. [s.n.] Dominican Republic K001164517 Yes
Gaumer, G.F. [998] K001160532 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [11594] Hong Kong K001169290 Yes
s.coll [H64/58] Kenya K001169292 Yes
Spruce, R. [3887] Peru K000201810 Yes
Asia-Tropical K:SPC-66688.000 No
Vélez, I. [3130] British Virgin Islands K001161233 Yes
Abullah, M.H. [Ha65] Brunei K001153496 Yes
Combs, R. [209] Cuba K001161232 Yes
Macfadyen, J. [s.n.] Jamaica K001164519 Yes
Wiakabu, J.; et al [LAE73484] Papua New Guinea K001153750 Yes
Creagh, C.M.G. [s.n.] Malaysia K001153492 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [5115] Thailand K001153325 Yes
Jawa, R.; et al [S67362] Malaysia K001153494 Yes
Hansell, J. [9505] Solomon Islands K001155326 Yes
Chapman, J.D.; Feenan, J. [s.n.] Malawi K001169287 Yes
Hayes, S. [205] Panama K001164511 Yes
Vinas, A.N. [321] Papua New Guinea K001153752 Yes
Lugo Sanchez, H. [3146] Ecuador K001164493 Yes
Smith, H.H.; Smith, W. [329] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines K001164516 Yes
Lugo Sanchez, H. [2224] Ecuador K001164492 Yes
Herb R.E.P. [22503] K001153171 Yes
Katik, P. [LAE62167] Papua New Guinea K001153751 Yes
s.coll [203] K001169285 Yes
Chapman, J.D.; Feenan, J. [6129] Malawi K:SPC-54376.000 No
Schipp, W.A. [S-664] Belize K001160535 Yes
Spruce, R. [3887] Peru K000201811 Yes
Williams, R.S. [422] Bolivia K001164504 Yes
Herb Tonduz, A. [12786] Costa Rica K001160538 Yes
Imbert, A.E.T. [H64/58] Kenya K001169294 Yes
Codd, L.E.W. [6569] South Africa K001169289 Yes
Jan 1, 2012 Ridley, H.N.; Lea, T.S.; Ramage, G.A. [76] Brazil Solanum mammosum var. corniculum K000546078 Type Yes
Solanum platanifolium K:SPC-29028.000 No
South Africa Solanum platanifolium K:SPC-11199.000 No
Nepal Solanum platanifolium K:SPC-28272.000 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0