Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. It is used as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food and for food.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Climber to 20 m.; stem glabrous except at nodes, becoming white-punctate when older.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3·5–11·5 × 3·5–15·5 cm., broadly ovate in outline, cordate, glabrous, punctate, palmately 3–5-lobed, lobes shallowly triangular to elliptic, entire or ± sinuate-dentate, sometimes lobulate.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 1–5 cm. long, glabrous or almost so.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple.
sex Male
male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–70 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–7 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 2·5–6 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate or oblanceolate. Corolla campanulate, pale yellow, green-veined, the lobes 1·5–2 × 1–1·5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 4–25 mm. long; ovary 5–15 × 1·5–3·5 mm., ellipsoid-cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2–7 mm. long, shortly cylindrical, lobes 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 2–3·2 × 0·7–1·3 cm. male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–70 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–7 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 2·5–6 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate or oblanceolate. Corolla campanulate, pale yellow, green-veined, the lobes 1·5–2 × 1–1·5 cm.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 4–25 mm. long; ovary 5–15 × 1·5–3·5 mm., ellipsoid-cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2–7 mm. long, shortly cylindrical, lobes 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 2–3·2 × 0·7–1·3 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 3–6·5 × 1·5–3·5 cm., ellipsoid, obtuse, red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 6 × 3 × 1·5 mm., asymmetrically ovate in outline, compressed, with flat faces and thick 2-grooved margins.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Scandent or trailing perennial herb or softly woody deciduous climber to 20 m; rootstock tuberous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate in outline, cordate, sinuate-dentate with glandular usually reddish teeth, punctate above, glabrous, 3.5–11.5 x 3.5–15.5 cm, obscurely pentagonal to deeply palmately 3–5-lobed, lobes triangular to elliptic or rhombic in outline, often lobulate, sometimes deeply so; petioles 0.5–5 cm long, glabrous
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary Male flowers solitary or 2–4 in shortly pedunculate clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ellipsoid, 3–14 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium cylindrical, 2–7 mm long Hypanthium obconic, expanded above, glabrous, 3–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals oblong-lanceolate, 2–4 mm long, red-tipped Sepals lanceolate, 2.5–6.5 mm long, often red at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to those of male flowers, 20–35 mm long Corolla pale yellow with green veins, campanulate; petals 14–25 mm long, united in lower half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid, green with paler green stripes, red when ripe, 3–7 x 1.5–3.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 0.4–4 cm long Pedicels 4–25 mm long Pedicels 7–70 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds asymmetrically ovate in outline, compressed, c. 6 x 2.5–3 x 1.5 mm, fibrillose.
Distribution
N1, 3; C1, 2; S1–3 tropical Africa west to Senegal and south to S Tanzania, tropical Asia and Australasia east to Fiji.
Ecology
Altitude range 20–1740 m.
Vernacular
Aloondooy, geed qumbe, geel, guud-fayleey (Somali-S); galefon, rooxo, sar gudun (Somali-N).
Note
Plants with smaller fruits and shorter pedicels than in the above description also occur in Somalia. Similar plants from Kenya were provisionally described as Coccinia sp. C in Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (1967), and their status is still uncertain.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Caribbean. Elevation range: 0–0 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bolívar, Magdalena.
Habit
Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 50 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber or trailer to 20 m.; rootstock tuberous; young stems green, herbaceous, angled, glabrous except at the nodes, becoming white-dotted when older, perennial, eventually woody and subterete with thin grey or brownish papery bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate to subpentagonal or orbicular in outline, ± cordate at the base, entire or sinuate and often with distinct reddish glandular teeth, glabrous, punctate, 34–115 mm. long, 36–155 mm. broad, shallowly to deeply palmately 3–5-lobed; lobes variable, shallowly triangular and broadest at the base to ovate or rhombic in outline and narrowed towards the base, then often bluntly to rather sharply palmately or ± pinnately 3–5(–7)-lobulate; petiole 12–50 mm. long, glabrous or slightly hairy laterally above.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts small, glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary or paired (rarely 3–4); pedicels 7–70 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above, slightly glandular-hairy internally, 3–7 mm. long; lobes triangular to lanceolate or lanceolate-subspathulate, often red-tipped, acute, 2.5–6 mm. long; corolla campanulate, pale yellow or pale apricot-orange, ± green-veined, with the lobes 14–20 mm. long, 10–16 mm. broad, united in lower half, sometimes red-tipped; stamens normally 3. Female flowers solitary on 4–25 mm. long stalks; ovary green, cylindrical, smooth, 5–13 mm. long, 1.5–3.5 mm. broad; receptacle-tube cylindrical, glandular-hairy inside, 2–7 mm. long; lobes filiform, lanceolate, or triangular, often red-tipped, 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 21–32 mm. long, 7–13 mm. broad, united in lower half or three-quarters.
sex Male
Male flowers solitary or paired (rarely 3–4); pedicels 7–70 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above, slightly glandular-hairy internally, 3–7 mm. long; lobes triangular to lanceolate or lanceolate-subspathulate, often red-tipped, acute, 2.5–6 mm. long; corolla campanulate, pale yellow or pale apricot-orange, ± green-veined, with the lobes 14–20 mm. long, 10–16 mm. broad, united in lower half, sometimes red-tipped; stamens normally 3.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary on 4–25 mm. long stalks; ovary green, cylindrical, smooth, 5–13 mm. long, 1.5–3.5 mm. broad; receptacle-tube cylindrical, glandular-hairy inside, 2–7 mm. long; lobes filiform, lanceolate, or triangular, often red-tipped, 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 21–32 mm. long, 7–13 mm. broad, united in lower half or three-quarters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit on an 8–40 mm. long stalk, fleshy, baccate, red when ripe except for small green area around fruit-stalk, ellipsoid, rarely spherical, rounded at the ends, 29–67 mm. long, 14–35 mm. across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds asymmetrically pyriform in outline, compressed, with a slightly depressed disk and rather thick 2-grooved margins, 6 × 3 × 1.5 mm.; testa fibrillose.
Figures
Fig. 8/8–10, p. 57.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland, woodland and wooded grassland, dry evergreen forest and evergreen woodland; 0–1680 m.
Distribution
northern tropical Africa eastwards from Senegal to the Somali RepublicArabiatropical Asia from W. Pakistan to HainanMalesia and tropical Australia, Fijiintroduced into the West Indies and tropical South America K1 K2 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Brazil Southeast, Caroline Is., Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Hawaii, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Suriname, Taiwan, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Wake I., Western Australia, Windward Is.

Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 2, 2008 Kessler et al. [PK 3104], Indonesia K000517484
Dec 1, 1928 Murray, G.W. [3857], Egypt K000037307
Dec 1, 1928 Murray, G.W. [3884], Egypt K000037308
Batty [1244], Tanzania 13369.021
Gillett, J.B. [14170] 1693.000
Gillett, J.B. [14169] 1700.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7351], Tanzania 1703.000
Gillett, J.B. [13862], Kenya 1707.000
Tweedie [2285], Kenya 25940.000
Gillespie [214], Kenya 29504.000
Lavranos, J. [829] 32110.000
Faulkener [3851], Tanzania 32449.000
Faulkener [3750], Tanzania 32450.000
Faulkener [3850], Tanzania 32456.000
Ash, J. [1069], Ethiopia 35487.000
Ash, J. [1082], Ethiopia 35812.000
Ash, J. [1595], Ethiopia 35846.000
Richards, H.M. [26682], Tanzania 36173.000
Ash [508], Ethiopia 38196.000
Drummond, R.B. [3405], Tanzania 4617.000
Drummond, R.B. [3250], Tanzania 4618.000
Faulkner, H. [1170], Tanzania 5140.000
Drummond, R.B. [3901], Kenya 5133.000
Verdcourt, B. [255], Tanzania 5134.000
Drummond, R.B. [3991], Kenya 6502.000
Drummond, R.B. [3554], Tanzania 6507.000
Verdcourt, B. [760], Uganda 6508.000
Verdcourt, B. [1083], Kenya 6930.000
Richards, H.M. [23616], Tanzania 7409.000
Batty [1060], Tanzania 7501.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7295], Tanzania 794.000
Faulkner, H. [2782], Tanzania 8066.000
Drummond, R.B. [3522], Tanzania 8068.000
Wight, R. [1123], India K000742794
Wight, R. [1122], India K000742796
Wight, R. [1123], India K000742793
Wight, R. [1122], India K000742795
Coccinia indica 6506.000
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124581
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700], Bangladesh Bryonia grandis K001124576
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124585
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124575
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124580
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124579
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124584
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124582
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124573
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124578
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124577
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124574
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124583

First published in Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 59 (1845)

Accepted by

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Literature

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Flora of West Tropical Africa

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Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Herrera, K., Lorence, D.H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M.J. (2010). Checklist of the Vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses Allertonia 10: 1-204.
  • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0