Cucumis ficifolius A.Rich.

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 294 (1848)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mauritania to Ethiopia and Tanzania, SW. Arabian Peninsula. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Cucurbitaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A ground-trailer from a perennial base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow.
[FWTA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial usually prostrate herb; stems up to 1 m. long, hairy with coarse ± aculeate hairs and also with finer intermixed spreading hairs; basal stems thickened with light-coloured bark, arising from a thickened rootstock.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ± ovate in outline, weakly cordate or subtruncate at the base, somewhat sinuate-toothed, very rough-hairy above and beneath, 20–71 mm. long, 20–74 mm. broad, 0.8–1.2 times as long as broad, palmately 3–5-lobed; lobes rather rounded above, somewhat narrowed below, with the central lobe largest, sometimes itself ± 3-lobulate, 20–53 mm. long, 0.7–0.9 times as long as the whole blade, narrowed at its base to 0.3–0.9 of its breadth at its broadest; petiole 10–35 mm. long, hairy like the stems.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary on 3–12 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long; lobes filiform, 1.5–2 mm. long; corolla yellow, with lobes 4–7 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. broad, united below. Female flowers on 6–12 mm. long stalks; ovary ellipsoid, 5–7 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. across, covered with forward-pointing hyaline bristles; receptacle-tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes subulate-filiform, 1.5–2 mm. long; corolla-lobes 5–9 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad.
sex Male
Male flowers solitary on 3–12 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long; lobes filiform, 1.5–2 mm. long; corolla yellow, with lobes 4–7 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. broad, united below.
sex Female
Female flowers on 6–12 mm. long stalks; ovary ellipsoid, 5–7 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. across, covered with forward-pointing hyaline bristles; receptacle-tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes subulate-filiform, 1.5–2 mm. long; corolla-lobes 5–9 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (fig. 15/3, p. 95) on a 7–25 mm. long stalk, bluntly ellipsoid, 23–50(–88) mm. long, 12–30(–63) mm. across, beset with rather closely scattered broadly conical low pustules each ending in a broad blunt bristle derived from the hairs of the ovary, dark green with 10 longitudinal pale green or grey-green longitudinal stripes, ripening deep yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 5 × 2.5 × 1.2 mm.
Figures
Fig. 16/1–7, p. 101.
Habitat
Upland grassland; 1070–2700 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 U3
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0