Genus:
Cucumis L.

Cucumis maderaspatanus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems to 4 m., hispid, prostrate or scandent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 1–11 × 1–11 cm., narrowly to broadly ovate or triangular in outline, cordate, hastate or sagittate, hispid or scabrid-setulose, especially on the veins, beneath, more shortly so or scabrid-punctate above, unlobed or usually palmately 3(5)-lobed, the lobes usually triangular, entire or remotely and minutely denticulate to coarsely sinuate-denticulate at the margins, the central much the largest, often acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the lateral shorter and more rounded.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 0·5–11·5 cm. long, antrorsely hispid or scabrid.
sex Male
male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels. Receptacle-tube 0·7–1·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, densely setulose; lobes 0·5–1 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate. Petals 1·2–1·5 mm. long, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers 5–10 in each fascicle; pedicel c. 1 mm. long; ovary 1·5–2 mm. long, globose, setulose; perianth similar to that of male flower. male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels. Receptacle-tube 0·7–1·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, densely setulose; lobes 0·5–1 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate. Petals 1·2–1·5 mm. long, yellow.
sex Female
Female flowers 5–10 in each fascicle; pedicel c. 1 mm. long; ovary 1·5–2 mm. long, globose, setulose; perianth similar to that of male flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 2–8 in axillary clusters, rarely solitary, 6–11 mm. in diameter, shortly pedicellate, globose, at first green with paler longitudinal markings, when mature bright red, smooth, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3·5 × 2–3 × 1·5–1·7 mm., ovate in outline, rather tumid, verrucose, bordered.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Climber or trailer to 2.5 m. from perennial woody rootstock; stems roughly bristly-hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade sagittate, hastate, triangular, ovate or broadly ovate in outline, often ± cordate, sinuate-toothed and sometimes irregularly dentate-lobulate, scabrid-hairy, 12–113 mm. long, 14–110 mm. broad, unlobed or ± 3(–5)-lobed; middle lobe triangular, broadest below, or sometimes slightly narrowed towards the base, and much the largest; lateral lobes ovate-triangular; petiole rough-hairy, 3–82 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 1–2 mm. long, dark-hairy; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.5–1 mm. long; petals yellow, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad. Female flowers 5–10 in separate clusters on 1 mm. long pedicels; ovary green, globose, shortly beaked, bristly with dark forward-pointing hairs, 1.5–3 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals ± 1 mm. long and broad.
sex Male
Male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 1–2 mm. long, dark-hairy; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.5–1 mm. long; petals yellow, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad.
sex Female
Female flowers 5–10 in separate clusters on 1 mm. long pedicels; ovary green, globose, shortly beaked, bristly with dark forward-pointing hairs, 1.5–3 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals ± 1 mm. long and broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subsessile in axillary clusters of 1–7, bright scarlet and glabrous, smooth, subglobose, 6–11 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, bordered, scrobiculate, 4–5.5 × 2–3 × 1.2–1.7 mm.
Figures
Fig. 19, p. 116.
Habitat
Seasonal swamps, flood-plain and valley grasslands, riverine margins and damper places in woodland and bushland, also a weed of plantations and cultivations; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
tropical Africa and South Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Is., also tropical Asia, Malesia and Australasia K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 Z

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Solomon Is., Taiwan

English
Rough bryony

Cucumis maderaspatanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124630 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6708], Myanmar Bryonia scabrella K001124634 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6708], Myanmar Bryonia scabrella K001124633 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124622 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124621 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124627 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708], India Bryonia scabrella K001124625 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124628 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708], India Bryonia scabrella K001124626 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124624 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124629 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124632 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124623 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124631 Yes
Jul 2, 2008 Monyrak [214], Cambodia Mukia maderaspatana K000517495 No
Jul 11, 2000 De Wilde et al. [SAN 141920], Malaysia Mukia maderaspatana K000517493 No
Jul 11, 2000 De Wilde et al. [SAN 141930], Malaysia Mukia maderaspatana K000517494 No
Wild, H. [35445], Zimbabwe Mukia maderaspatana 1734.000 No
Wild, H. [37187], Zimbabwe Mukia maderaspatana 1736.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [7092], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 1749.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [9056], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 1750.000 No
Faulkner, H. [3082], Zambia Mukia maderaspatana 25803.000 No
Ash, J. [1071], Ethiopia Mukia maderaspatana 37798.000 No
Ash [134], Ethiopia Mukia maderaspatana 40083.000 No
Meikle, R.D. [769], Nigeria Mukia maderaspatana 4641.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [3868], Zambia Mukia maderaspatana 4642.000 No
Bullock, A.A. [2317], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 4654.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [3041], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 4999.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1040], Kenya Mukia maderaspatana 5159.000 No
Bullock, A.A. [2390], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 5164.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [2247], Kenya Mukia maderaspatana 830.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [9856], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 831.000 No
Quartin-Dillon [208] Mukia maderaspatana K000313443 Yes
Royle, J.F. [s.n.], India Mukia maderaspatana K000742783 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1012 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Nazimuddin, S. & Naqvi, S.S.H. (1984). Flora of Pakistan 154: 1-56. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Mukia maderaspatana.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

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