Luffa echinata Roxb.

First published in Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 716 (1832)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mauritania to Somalia, Indian Subcontinent. It is a climbing annual and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/136640609/136640621

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Cucurbitaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or climbing herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow.
[FWTA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or scandent herb
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate, cordate, sinuate-dentate, asperulous or scabrid, 1.5–10 x 2–13.5 cm, palmately 3–5-lobed, lobes broadly ovate to elliptic; petiole 1–8.5 cm long
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils 2-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Dioecious Male flowers racemose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 1–14 cm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 1.5–2 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate or broadly ovate, 3.5–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 2.5–4(–10) mm long Pedicels 3–12 cm long, bracteate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary subglobose, shortly rostrate, densely spiny, densely hairy, c. 10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla as in male flowers Petals white, obovate, 10–16 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style prominent, enlarging in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, densely spiny, 2.5–3.5 cm in diam. Pedicel 0.4–2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 5–5.5 x 3–4 x 2–3 mm, black, slightly rough, not margined.
Distribution
S2 Sahel region west to Mauritania; Ethiopia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh
Ecology
Altitude c. 50 m.
Note
First record for Somalia.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0