Genus:
Momordica L.

Momordica friesiorum (Harms) C.Jeffrey

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to N. Malawi.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems prostrate or scandent to 4 m. or more, ± crispate-pubescent especially at nodes, arising from perennial tuberous rootstock.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves compound, pedately 3–5-foliolate; median leaflet 2·5–13 × 1–5 cm., narrowly ovate to ovate or elliptic, obtuse to subtruncate at the base, remotely denticulate to sinuate-dentate, acutely-acuminate, apiculate, sparsely to distinctly rather finely setulose above and mainly on veins beneath; lateral leaflets smaller, unequal-based; petiolule of median leaflet 0·4–2·7 cm. long; petiole 0·7–5·5 cm. long.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. Female flowers on 1·1–1·3 cm. long peduncles; ovary 30–35 × 4–5 mm., fusiform, ridged. Receptacle-tube 3 mm. long, lobes 6–11 mm. long, triangular-acuminate. male flowers 5–6(15), in bracteate pedunculate subumbelliform fascicles; peduncle 4–8 cm. long; bract 10–30 mm. long, closely subtending the flowers, obovate-orbicular, cucullate; pedicels 3–5(10) mm. long. Receptacle-tube 9–11 mm. long, lobes (3)6–8(12) mm. long, purplish, triangular, acute-attenuate. Petals 1–1·5 cm. long, pale yellow, dark at the base, oblong-ovate.
sex Male
male flowers 5–6(15), in bracteate pedunculate subumbelliform fascicles; peduncle 4–8 cm. long; bract 10–30 mm. long, closely subtending the flowers, obovate-orbicular, cucullate; pedicels 3–5(10) mm. long. Receptacle-tube 9–11 mm. long, lobes (3)6–8(12) mm. long, purplish, triangular, acute-attenuate. Petals 1–1·5 cm. long, pale yellow, dark at the base, oblong-ovate.
sex Female
Female flowers on 1·1–1·3 cm. long peduncles; ovary 30–35 × 4–5 mm., fusiform, ridged. Receptacle-tube 3 mm. long, lobes 6–11 mm. long, triangular-acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 6 × 2 cm., fusiform, rostrate, longitudinally winged or ridged, orange, dehiscent into 3 valves; fruit-stalk 2·3–6 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 8 × 7 × 4 mm., tumid, with rugose faces and smooth grooved margins.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial with tuberous rootstock, climbing or trailing to 4 m.
Morphology Stem
Stems herbaceous, angled, ± crisped-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pedately 3–5-foliolate; middle leaflet largest, elliptic, ovate-lanceolate, ovate or broadly ovate, obtuse or subtruncate at the base, acuminate, slightly apiculate, subentire and remotely denticulate to distinctly sinuate-toothed, almost glabrous to distinctly pubescent, 27–130 mm. long, 9–50 mm. broad; lateral leaflets similar but smaller and with blunter apices, sometimes lobed on the outer side at the base; central petiolule 4–27 mm. long; petiole 7–40 mm. long.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils bifid, rarely simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dioecious or monoecious. Female flowers ebracteate, pubescent, on 11–13 mm. long stalks; ovary shortly hairy, fusiform and beaked, 10-ribbed, 30–35 mm. long, 4–5 mm. across; receptacle-tube shallow, 3 mm. long; lobes triangular-acuminate, 6–11 mm. long; style long. Male flowers 5–15, subumbellate on a 40–80 mm. long peduncle; bract subtending pedicels broadly obovate-orbicular, 13–30 mm. long, 7–40 mm. broad; pedicels 5–10 mm. long; receptacle-tube cylindrical below, expanded, campanulate above, like the lobes dark brownish-green to purplish or almost black, sometimes green with darker nerves, 9–11 mm. long; lobes broadly triangular or triangular-acuminate, acute, 3–12 mm. long; corolla pale yellow or pale orange-yellow with darker throat and a dark purple or black eye; petals free, lingulate, slightly apiculate, 12–15 mm. long, 6–8 mm. broad; basal scales 2, obsolescent; stamens 3; thecae straight, those of one double stamen very unequal; connective narrow.
sex Male
Male flowers 5–15, subumbellate on a 40–80 mm. long peduncle; bract subtending pedicels broadly obovate-orbicular, 13–30 mm. long, 7–40 mm. broad; pedicels 5–10 mm. long; receptacle-tube cylindrical below, expanded, campanulate above, like the lobes dark brownish-green to purplish or almost black, sometimes green with darker nerves, 9–11 mm. long; lobes broadly triangular or triangular-acuminate, acute, 3–12 mm. long; corolla pale yellow or pale orange-yellow with darker throat and a dark purple or black eye; petals free, lingulate, slightly apiculate, 12–15 mm. long, 6–8 mm. broad; basal scales 2, obsolescent; stamens 3; thecae straight, those of one double stamen very unequal; connective narrow.
sex Female
Female flowers ebracteate, pubescent, on 11–13 mm. long stalks; ovary shortly hairy, fusiform and beaked, 10-ribbed, 30–35 mm. long, 4–5 mm. across; receptacle-tube shallow, 3 mm. long; lobes triangular-acuminate, 6–11 mm. long; style long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit on a 23–60 mm. long stalk, spindle-shaped, beaked, with ± 10 toothed longitudinal wings or ridges, fleshy, orange, ± 60 mm. long and 20 mm. across, dehiscent into 3 valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, tumid, ± 8 × 7 × 4 mm.; faces with rugose sculpturing; margins shallowly grooved, smooth (fig. 3/13, p. 25).
Habitat
Upland rain-forest and upland evergreen bushland, especially on margins and in clearings; 1500–2600 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T6 T7 T8 U3

Native to:

Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda

Momordica friesiorum (Harms) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 1965 Fries, R.E. [2214], Kenya K000310612 isosyntype Yes
Jun 1, 1965 Fries, R.E. [1523a], Kenya K000310613 isosyntype Yes
Brummitt, R.K. [10883], Malawi 25694.141 No
Greenway, P.J. [9679], Kenya 4996.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [915], Kenya 826.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [9020], Tanzania 827.000 No

First published in Kew Bull. 15: 356 (1961 publ. 1962)

Accepted by

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 356 (1962).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0