Momordica henriquesii Cogn.

First published in Bol. Soc. Brot. 7: 228 (1889)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Tanzania to N. Mozambique. It is a liana and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: low confidence
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/158042/758339

Conservation
EN - endangered
[IUCN]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems scandent, very shortly and finely pubescent, becoming woody with grey sulcate bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 4·5–11·3 × 3·5–11·8 cm., broadly ovate, deeply cordate, narrowly decurrent on to petiole, minutely apiculate-denticulate, unlobed or obscurely 3-lobed, shortly acuminate, acute, apiculate, finely pubescent on veins and minutely punctate beneath, minutely hispidulous above.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 1·9–3 cm. long, finely pubescent.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. Female flowers unknown. male flowers numerous in sessile or shortly pedunculate axillary bracteate or ebracteate fascicles; peduncle up to 3·8 cm. long; bracts 2–12 mm. long, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, shortly acuminate; pedicels 15–30 mm. long. Receptacle-tube (1)2–4 mm. long, lobes (3)5–8 mm. long, lanceolate, acutely-acuminate. Petals (0·5)1·2–1·6 cm. long, yellow, dark at the base, obovate, rounded, apiculate.
sex Male
male flowers numerous in sessile or shortly pedunculate axillary bracteate or ebracteate fascicles; peduncle up to 3·8 cm. long; bracts 2–12 mm. long, elliptic or oblong-elliptic, shortly acuminate; pedicels 15–30 mm. long. Receptacle-tube (1)2–4 mm. long, lobes (3)5–8 mm. long, lanceolate, acutely-acuminate. Petals (0·5)1·2–1·6 cm. long, yellow, dark at the base, obovate, rounded, apiculate.
sex Female
Female flowers unknown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid-rostrate, winged, velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds unknown.
[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber.
Morphology Stem
Young stems herbaceous, pubescent, unspotted; older stems thickened and woody with grey sulcate bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, cordate and narrowly decurrent on to the petiole, apiculate, entire or slightly and remotely sinuate-toothed, somewhat scabrid-pubescent, 35–70 mm. long, 35–53 mm. broad, sometimes obscurely 3-lobed; petiole 9–19 mm. long, shortly and densely pubescent.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple.? Dioecious.
sex Male
Male flowers in much-branched shortly puberulous many-flowered 20–83 mm. long fascicles bracteate at the forks; primary peduncles 9–38 mm. long; pedicels in subumbelliform groups, 1–5 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, 1–1.5 mm. long; lobes puberulous, narrowly ovate, 3–4.5 mm. long; petals ± 5 mm. long and 3 mm. broad, yellow with reddish streaks, 2 with scales inside at the base; stamens 2, alternate with the scales; connective lobed; thecae slightly curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers and fruits unknown. Male flowers in much-branched shortly puberulous many-flowered 20–83 mm. long fascicles bracteate at the forks; primary peduncles 9–38 mm. long; pedicels in subumbelliform groups, 1–5 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, 1–1.5 mm. long; lobes puberulous, narrowly ovate, 3–4.5 mm. long; petals ± 5 mm. long and 3 mm. broad, yellow with reddish streaks, 2 with scales inside at the base; stamens 2, alternate with the scales; connective lobed; thecae slightly curved.
sex Female
Female flowers and fruits unknown.
Habitat
Uncertain; 200 m.
Distribution
known only from the above gathering T8
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0