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This species is accepted, and its native range is Niger to N. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber; young stems slender, glabrous except at nodes, soon becoming woody with at first a smooth grey bark later becoming brownish, papery and peeling in the older stem, obscurely and bluntly spiny with the hardened remains of petiole and tendril bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade subsucculent, practically glabrous, somewhat punctate above, entire, 8–35 mm. long, 16–64 mm. broad, 3–5-lobed; lobes rounded, very variable in shape, ovate or triangular to oblanceolate-linear, broadest or narrowed at the base, obtuse or rounded at the apex, often themselves somewhat lobulate with rounded lobules; petiole 4–13 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dioecious or monoecious. Female flowers solitary, subsessile; ovary fusiform, 3–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. across; receptacle-tube ± 2 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes triangular-ovate, 0.5 mm. long; petals 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad; disk obscure. Male flowers in subsessile 2–7-flowered clusters; pedicels filiform, 3–4 mm. long; receptacle-tube 2.5 mm. long; petals yellowish-cream or greenish-yellow, 1.8 mm. long, 1.3 mm. broad; stamens 3; filaments long; disk obscure.
sex Male
Male flowers in subsessile 2–7-flowered clusters; pedicels filiform, 3–4 mm. long; receptacle-tube 2.5 mm. long; petals yellowish-cream or greenish-yellow, 1.8 mm. long, 1.3 mm. broad; stamens 3; filaments long; disk obscure.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, subsessile; ovary fusiform, 3–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. across; receptacle-tube ± 2 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes triangular-ovate, 0.5 mm. long; petals 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad; disk obscure.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit solitary on a pedicel up to 4.5 mm. long, subglobose, scarlet, 8–9.5 mm. long, 5.5–7 mm. across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, lenticular, obscurely bordered, 3 × 2 × 0.5 mm.
Habitat
Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 760–1000 m.
Distribution
K1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous woody climber; stems slender, soon woody and developing a grey or brownish papery bark
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate in outline, shallowly cordate, entire, minutely scabrid, subsucculent, 1–3.5 x 1.5–6.5 cm, palmately variously 3–5-lobed, the lobes very varied in shape, often lobulate; petiole 0.4–1.8 cm long, the base persistent, thickened and forming a short weak spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology
Monoecious or dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels slender, 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium campanulate, 2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals minute, dentiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals pale greenish-yellow, 1.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc obscure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary, subsessile Male flowers in small subsessile clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary fusiform, 3–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth as in male flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid or subglobose, pale green with dark green stripes, red when ripe, 8–9 x 5.5–7 mm; pedicel up to 4.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, 3 mm long.

Native to:

Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Zehneria anomala C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 1974 Tackholm [487], Egypt K000037284
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313413 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313414 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313415 holotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313416 holotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313417 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313281 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [13078], Kenya K000313282 holotype
Gillett, J.B. [14006], Kenya 1766.000
Gillett, J.B. [13864], Kenya 1768.000

First published in Kew Bull. 15: 364 (1961 publ. 1962)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 364, fig. 3 (1962).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0