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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems sparsely shortly setulose to densely crispate-pubescent, prostrate or scandent to 3 m.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 1·5–7·5 × 0·3–7·0 cm., membraneous to sub-coriaceous, triangular, broadly ovate, ovate, narrowly triangular, lanceolate or linear in outline, cordate or sagittate or sometimes (when narrower) rounded at the base, scabrid-punctate above, sparsely to densely setulose, hispid or scabrid-setose on veins beneath, plane or ± sinuate and obscurely and remotely to prominently denticulate at the margins, unlobed or usually palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes ovate or broadly to narrowly triangular, the central largest, usually ± acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the lateral shorter.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 0·5–5 cm. long, sparsely spiculate or setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 11–30 mm. long; ovary 4·5–9·5 × 1·5–2 mm., fusiform; perianth as in male flower. male flowers 5–25 in usually dense subumbelliform or shortly racemiform pedunculate axillary clusters, usually co-axillary with a long pedicellate solitary flower; peduncles 0·2–4 cm. long; pedicels 2·5–13 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 1·8–3·8 mm. long; lobes 0·2–0·6 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–2·5 mm. long, white, becoming yellowish with age.
sex Male
male flowers 5–25 in usually dense subumbelliform or shortly racemiform pedunculate axillary clusters, usually co-axillary with a long pedicellate solitary flower; peduncles 0·2–4 cm. long; pedicels 2·5–13 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 1·8–3·8 mm. long; lobes 0·2–0·6 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–2·5 mm. long, white, becoming yellowish with age.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 11–30 mm. long; ovary 4·5–9·5 × 1·5–2 mm., fusiform; perianth as in male flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 9–17 × 6–7 mm., fusiform, bright red, thinly fleshy; pedicel 12–32 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 3–× 1·7–2·5 × 1·4–1·6 mm., ovoid, somewhat compressed, smooth, with convex faces.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Climber to 4.5 m.; stems glabrous or rarely pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate-cordate, ovate-truncate, pentagonal, narrowly triangular, hastate or sagittate in outline, scabrid-hairy or -punctate above, scabrid-hairy especially on nerves beneath, subentire to distinctly sinuate-toothed, subacute or obtuse and apiculate, 25–75 mm. long, 12–70 mm. broad, unlobed, obscurely lobed or sometimes distinctly 5-lobed; lobes triangular or broadly triangular, with the central largest; petiole rather scabrid-hairy, 6–51 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dioecious. Female flowers solitary on 5–31 mm. long pedicels; ovary fusiform, 5–8 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1–3 mm. long, subtruncate at the base; lobes 0.5 mm. long; petals ± 2.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. broad. Male flowers 2–21 in up to 45 mm. pedunculate or rarely sessile subumbelliform clusters; pedicels 3–14 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes filiform-subulate, 1 mm. long; petals white, becoming cream then yellow when old, 3.5 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. broad, united below; stamens 3; filaments long.
sex Male
Male flowers 2–21 in up to 45 mm. pedunculate or rarely sessile subumbelliform clusters; pedicels 3–14 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy inside; lobes filiform-subulate, 1 mm. long; petals white, becoming cream then yellow when old, 3.5 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. broad, united below; stamens 3; filaments long.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary on 5–31 mm. long pedicels; ovary fusiform, 5–8 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1–3 mm. long, subtruncate at the base; lobes 0.5 mm. long; petals ± 2.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit on a 22–27 mm. long stalk, fusiform, pointed at each end, glabrous, bright red, 11–24 mm. long, 5–8 mm. across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, biconvex, compressed, distinctly bordered and with rounded edges, 5 × 2 × 1 mm.
Figures
Fig. 21/9, 10, p. 120.
Habitat
Lake and river margins, swamps and moist places generally in upland rainforest, bamboo thicket and grassland; 1100–3350 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T4 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 Cameroon Mt.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Zehneria minutiflora (Cogn.) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2003 Biye, E. [78], Cameroon K000197542
Feb 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9016], Cameroon K000008346
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4671], Cameroon K000008345
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [3987], Cameroon K000008344
Feb 1, 2003 Satabie, B. [1113], Cameroon K000008347
Feb 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [86], Cameroon K000008348
Jun 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8643], Cameroon K000338143
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [1049], Cameroon K000338148
Jun 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [644], Cameroon K000338147
Jun 1, 1999 Munyenyembe, P. [719], Cameroon K000338146
Jun 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [479], Cameroon K000338151
Jun 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [1147], Cameroon K000338149
Jun 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [2303], Cameroon K000338150
Jun 1, 1965 Stolz, A. [1139] K000313408 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Stolz, A. [566] K000313409 isotype
Jun 1, 1965 Fries, R.E. [1108], Kenya K000313410 isosyntype
Jan 1, 1965 Preuss, P.R. [958a], Cameroon K000050757
Drummond, R.B. [2683], Tanzania 1769.000
Drummond, R.B. [2394], Tanzania 1773.000
Richards, H.M. [23003], Tanzania 32737.000
Drummond, R.B. [4632], Uganda 3276.000
Richards [23800], Tanzania 40096.000
Chandler, P. [1550A], Uganda 5166.000
Norman, E.M. [20], Uganda 6524.000
Drummond, R.B. [2883], Tanzania 834.000
Preuss P. R. [969] K000050761 Unknown type material
Preuss P. R. [958] K000050762 Unknown type material
Mann, G. [2025a], Cameroon K000050759
Akpabla, G.K. [10532], Cameroon K000050760
Mann, G. [2010], Cameroon K000050758

First published in Kew Bull. 15: 366 (1961 publ. 1962)

Accepted by

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 366 (1962).
  • R. & A. Fernandes in Mem. Junta Invest. Ultram., sér. 2, 34: 121 (1962).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0