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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India, Sri Lanka.
Zehneria thwaitesii

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Climber or trailer to 1.2 m.; roots fibrous; stems slender, glabrous or slightly hairy, smooth or slightly rough.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade triangular, hastate or sagittate, ± scabrid-punctate above, smooth and glabrous except for a few hairs on nerves beneath, subentire or ± sinuate-dentate or rarely lobulate, 23–91 mm. long, 22–110 mm. broad; lobes triangular or rarely ovate-triangular, minutely apiculate; petiole 12–54 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Monoecious. Female flowers solitary on slender 7–40 mm. long pedicels; ovary fusiform, sometimes slightly collared at the base, 3.5–16 mm. long, 0.5–1.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube cylindrical to broadly campanulate, 1–2.5 mm. long; lobes subulate, 0.5–1.5 mm. long; petals 2–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. broad, united at very base. Male flowers 1–3, axillary, or at nodes on 30–95 mm. long leafless shoots with shortened internodes and then appearing racemose; pedicels slender, 4.5–15 mm. long; receptacle-tube campanulate, 1.5–2 mm. long; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.3–0.8 mm. long; petals white, becoming cream when older, 2–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. broad, united at the base; stamens 3, subsessile.
sex Male
Male flowers 1–3, axillary, or at nodes on 30–95 mm. long leafless shoots with shortened internodes and then appearing racemose; pedicels slender, 4.5–15 mm. long; receptacle-tube campanulate, 1.5–2 mm. long; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.3–0.8 mm. long; petals white, becoming cream when older, 2–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. broad, united at the base; stamens 3, subsessile.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary on slender 7–40 mm. long pedicels; ovary fusiform, sometimes slightly collared at the base, 3.5–16 mm. long, 0.5–1.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube cylindrical to broadly campanulate, 1–2.5 mm. long; lobes subulate, 0.5–1.5 mm. long; petals 2–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. broad, united at very base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pendulous on a 5–37 mm. long stalk, fusiform, smooth, glabrous, 15–45 mm. long, 7–14 mm. across.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, compressed, narrowly bordered, smooth, 3.5 × 2 × 0.5 mm.
Figures
Fig. 21/11, 12, p. 120.
Habitat
Rain-, swamp and other ground-water forest, lowland grassland, margins of rivers and swamps; 30–1220 m.
Distribution
K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 Z tropical Africa

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Stems slender, glabrous or sparsely pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 2–9 × 2·7–9·5 cm., membraneous, broadly ovate, ovate, broadly triangular or triangular in outline, subtruncate, weakly cordate, hastate or sagittate at the base, finely scabrid-punctate above, shortly setulose on veins beneath, plane or usually remotely and minutely sinuate-denticulate at the margins, unlobed or shortly to very deeply palmately 3-lobed, the lobes triangular to linear, ± acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the central largest.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 0·9–4·0 cm. long, shortly setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers monoecious. Female flowers solitary, often co-axillary with male; pedicels 7–61 mm. long, slender; ovary 6–12 × 1–2 mm., fusiform. Perianth as in male flowers. male flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 8–24 mm. long, slender. Receptacle-tube 1–2·5 mm. long, lobes 0·3–1·5 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–6 mm. long, white, becoming cream with age.
sex Male
male flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 8–24 mm. long, slender. Receptacle-tube 1–2·5 mm. long, lobes 0·3–1·5 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–6 mm. long, white, becoming cream with age.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, often co-axillary with male; pedicels 7–61 mm. long, slender; ovary 6–12 × 1–2 mm., fusiform. Perianth as in male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 15–45 × 7–14 mm., fusiform, red; pedicel 10–53 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3·2–4·4 × 2·0–2·5 × 0·3–0·5 mm., ovate in outline, smooth bi-convex.

Native to:

India, Sri Lanka

Zehneria thwaitesii (Schweinf.) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 1993 Walken [273], Sri Lanka K000742779
May 1, 1993 s.coll. [312], Sri Lanka K000742780
Jan 1, 1985 D'Arcy, W.G. [15242], Madagascar K000391267
Jan 1, 1972 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000313373 holotype
Jan 1, 1972 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000313374 holotype
Jan 1, 1965 Bosser, J. [18037], Madagascar K000391266
Jan 1, 1962 Afzelius, K. [s.n.], Madagascar K000391261
Jan 1, 1962 Baron, R. [1503], Madagascar K000391264
May 1, 1961 Humblot, L. [34], Madagascar K000391262
May 1, 1961 Perrier de la Bâthie, H. [s.n.], Madagascar K000391268
May 1, 1961 Meller, C.J. [8], Madagascar K000391263
Milne-Redhead, E. [9309], Tanzania 1770.000
Verdcourt, B. [1090], Kenya 1771.000
Verdcourt, B. [239], Tanzania 1777.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10897], Tanzania 31130.000
Faulkner, H. [K.246] 4643.000
Drummond, R.B. [2911], Tanzania 4673.000
Drummond, R.B. [3035], Tanzania 5005.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [5163], Ghana 5155.000
Drummond, R.B. [3955], Kenya 5168.000
Faulkner, H. [2617], Tanzania 5169.000
Burtoni [s.n.] K000313436

First published in Kew Bull. 15: 371 (1961 publ. 1962)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 371 (1962), excl. syn. Bryonia deltoïdea Schumach. et Melothria deltoïdea (Schumach.) Benth.
  • Keraudren, Fl. Madag. Cucurbitac: 40 (1966).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/