Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla

First published in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 2532 (1905)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Temp. & Subtropical. It is a perennial or helophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, China North-Central, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hawaii, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Laos, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Indiana

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Hroudová, Z., Gregor, T. & Zákravsky, P. (2009). Die verbreitung von Bolboschoenus-Arten in Deutschland. Kochia 4: 1-22.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jermy, C., Simpson, D., Foley, M. & Porter, M. (2007). Sedges of the British Isles. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 1, ed. 3: 1-554. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and adjacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Rad, M.A., Hroudová, Z. & Marhold, K. (2010). The genus Bolboschoenus in Iran: taxonomy and distribution. Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 588-602.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Meades, S.J. & Brouillet, L. (2019). Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador https://newfoundland-labradorflora.ca/checklist/.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 1: 1-366. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Rothrock, P.E. (2009). Sedges of Indiana and adjacent states: the non-Carex species: 1-271. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.
  • USDA, NRCS (2005- continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Koch, Syn. Deutsch. Schweiz. Fl. ed. 3, 3: 2531 (1904)
  • Strelitzia 2: 25, figs. 8, 9 (1995)
  • Taxon 48: 356 (1999)
  • Willdenowia 36: 105, fig. 1 (2006).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 1, 1997 [Sintenir, G.] [20] France K001613123 No
Jan 1, 1997 [Comdolle, Du] [s.n.] Italy K002531974 No
Regel, E.A., von [s.n.] China K001057227 Unknown Type Material Yes
Montford, H.M. [9517] United Kingdom K002531837 Yes
[59] Afghanistan K002532188 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [419] K001057225 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J.R.I.; Goyder, D.J. [17056] Bolivia K002532858 Yes
s.coll. [962] Japan K002532350 No
Royle India K001613117 No
[Panlalow] [s.n.] Italy K001613122 No
s. coll. [s.n.] India K001613187 No
Fay, M.F. [MFF327] United Kingdom K002531844 Yes
Drummond, T. [38] United States K001057221 Type Yes
[1902] K002532307 Yes
Sheahan, M.C. [256] United Kingdom K001890845 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531849 Yes
[6891] Iran K002532165 Yes
[5906] Afghanistan K002532201 Yes
[1158] Iran K002532172 Yes
[1408] China K002532316 Yes
[356] Iran K002532164 Yes
[1528] Iran K002532162 Yes
[7624] Afghanistan K002532203 Yes
[s.n.] K002532300 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531827 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [825] United Kingdom K002531836 Yes
[11] Afghanistan K002532195 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002532298 No
Faurie, P. [8708] Japan K001613118 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K001613119 No
Prescott, S. [s.n.] United States K002532582 No
Beechey [s.n.] United States K001613113 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [6265] Spain K000204967 Yes
[s.n.] China K002532317 Yes
[s.n.] K002532293 Yes
[s.n.] K002532305 Yes
[F. MD] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531833 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002532295 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K002532297 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K001613121 No
Griffith, J.C. [1475] India K001613186 No
[Forry, A.] [s.n.] India K001613115 No
[36417] K002532294 Yes
[104] K002532306 Yes
[s.n.] Iran K002532173 Yes
Britton, C.E. [2205] United Kingdom K002531821 Yes
[2515] China K002532326 Yes
[1624] China K002532329 Yes
[C. H. O. John] [[2081]] United Kingdom K002531824 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [12076] Lebanon K000315881 Yes
[6256] Afghanistan K002532198 Yes
[s.n.] Ukraine K002532311 Yes
[784] China K002532318 Yes
[5672] Saudi Arabia K002532180 Yes
Ball, J. [s.n.] Italy K002531970 No
Fischer [s.n.] K001613120 No
Wight, B.M. [3504] India K002532463 No
s. coll. [s.n.] India K002532446 No
[BW02] United Arab Emirates K002532183 Yes
[183] K002532312 Yes
[7699] Oman K002532182 Yes
[126] K002532309 Yes
[1996] K002532301 Yes
[H. K. A. Shen]; Jackson, A.K. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531831 Yes
Wade, A.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531846 Yes
[61] Afghanistan K002532192 Yes
[2183] Iran K002532167 Yes
[121] Iran K002532163 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6312] Tanzania K000468113 Yes
[62] Afghanistan K002532189 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [12078] Lebanon K000315880 Yes
Smith, N.J.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531839 Yes
[868] Afghanistan K002532194 Yes
[2791] K002532308 No
[3093] Iran K002532176 Yes
[s.n.] K002532310 Yes
[303] K002532296 Yes
[s.n.] Chad K002532606 Yes
[39[7]] Iran K002532174 Yes
Fay, M.F. [MFF264] United Kingdom K002531845 Yes
[8323] Afghanistan K002532202 Yes
[D56038] Iran K002532175 Yes
Drummond, R.B. [580] United Kingdom K002531834 Yes
Crosfield, A.J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531825 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 191] United Kingdom K000914492 Yes
Taylor, P.G. [0999] United Kingdom K002531842 Yes
[577] Afghanistan K002532186 Yes
[30416] K002532292 Yes
[s.n.] China K002532327 Yes
[206] Iran K002532166 Yes
[1909] China K002532320 Yes
Edmonds, M.E. [86] United Kingdom K002531847 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531828 Yes
[2054] China K002532328 Yes
[W. B. Turrill] [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531822 Yes
[F. W. Thompson] [H1386] United Kingdom K002531832 Yes
[220] Afghanistan K002532187 Yes
Fraser, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531826 Yes
Fischer, W. [176] Argentina K002532860 Yes
[2377] Iran K002532170 Yes
Drummond, T. [s.n.] United States K001057222 Type Yes
Korolkov, N.J.; Krause [s.n.] K001057226 Unknown Type Material Yes
[776] Afghanistan K002532199 Yes
Hunt, D.R. [1920] United Kingdom K002531829 Yes
[7342] Afghanistan K002532204 Yes
[39] Afghanistan K002532184 Yes
[s.n.] China K002532319 Yes
[4541] China K002532324 Yes
Webster, M.M. [3341] United Kingdom K002531840 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531823 Yes
[6257] Afghanistan K002532197 Yes
[1820] China K002532322 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6139] Tanzania K000468286 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531838 Yes
[2377] Iran K002532171 Yes
[63] Afghanistan K002532191 Yes
[320] Iran K002532178 Yes
McCallum-Webster, M. [3867] United Kingdom K002531841 Yes
[s.n.] K002532304 Yes
[2031] Iran K002532169 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21409] Thailand K000595016 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21409] Thailand K000595015 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [763] United Kingdom K002531850 Yes
[2031] Iran K002532168 Yes
[6428] China K002532321 Yes
[D55815] Iran K002532177 Yes
[421] Afghanistan K002532193 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [29878] United Kingdom K002531830 Yes
[8334] China K002532323 Yes
[s.n.] China K002532325 Yes
[788] Afghanistan K002532196 Yes
[6276] Afghanistan K002532205 Yes
McCallum-Webster, M. [5858a] United Kingdom K002531843 Yes
[3345] Afghanistan K002532185 Yes
Sampson, H.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531835 Yes
[4673] Iran K002532179 Yes
[s.n.] Iraq K002532200 Yes
[63] Afghanistan K002532190 Yes
[J. Sousta] [926] United Kingdom K002531820 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K002531848 Yes
[s.n.] K002532303 Yes
[7966] Oman K002532181 Yes
[967] K002532299 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [s.n.] Lebanon Scirpus maritimus K000315883 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [s.n.] Scirpus maritimus K000315929 Yes
Nejdel-Stems [s.n.] Lebanon Scirpus maritimus K000315885 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [s.n.] Jordan Scirpus maritimus K000315884 Yes
Batanouny, K.H. [2502] Qatar Scirpus maritimus K000315879 Yes

Sources

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    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0