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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Central & S. Tropical America.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew and R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous lianes or scrambling shrubs
Morphology General Exudate
Latex absent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or sometimes subopposite; blade often shiny above (especially in the dried state) and usually greyish, brownish, reddish or blackish, more rarely olive-green, when dry
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of cymes or groups of cymes with quadrangular or 4-winged internodes, with accessory branches in the axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, 1.9–3.3 mm. in diameter at anthesis; aestivation quincuncial
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, slightly unequal, obscurely and irregularly dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate or semi-urceolate; petals 5, orbicular or oblong, with 1–few veins, entire or weakly denticulate, imbricate to the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc small, 0.6–0.9 mm. in diameter, rather deeply cup-shaped, the rim almost level with the base of the style, entire or with a split under each of the three stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, with narrow flattened filaments free to the base, inserted in a deep perigynous furrow; anthers transversally dehiscent, with an apical pore in the bud stage, then extrorse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style subpyramidal with 3 reduced stigmatic lobes which are opposite the stamens; ovules 2 per locule (except in the American species E. festiva (Miers) A.C. Sm.)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with 3 mericarps, each with 2 caduous valves; seeds with or without a wing; if winged then wing with a submedian vein (raphe); cotyledons fused or merely adhering, with a cordate base between the lobes of which lies the radicle.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Rwanda, Suriname, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Elachyptera A.C.Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Brittonia 3: 383 (1940)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • N. Hallé, Thèses Fac. Sci. Univ. Paris, Monogr. Hipp. Afr. Occ.: 76 (1958)
  • R. Wilczek in F.C.B. 9: 138 (1960)
  • in Adansonia, sér. 2, 17: 409 (1978)
  • in Brittonia 3: 383 (1940)
  • in Mém. I.F.A.N. 64: 81 (1962)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.