Vitex L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 638 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Ascension, Bahamas, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Florida, Maryland, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oman, Texas

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.
  • de Lima, C.T. & França, F. (2009). Flora da Bahia: Vitex Tour. ex L. Lamiaceae. Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 9: 225-244.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955—58).
  • Pieper in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 62, Beibl. 141 (as "142"): 1—91 (1928)
  • —F.T.A. 5: 315

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141 [‘142’]: 1–91 (1928).
  • Bothalia 26 : 141–151 (1996) [with full citations of the Moldenke series of papers on Vitex ].
  • Bredenkamp & Botha in Bothalia 26: 141–151 (1996) [with full citations of the Moldenke series of papers on Vitex].
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 50–68 (1992).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 285 (1754).
  • Harley et al. in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 195 (2004).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 195 (2004).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 189–207 (2001).
  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955–1958)*
  • Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955–1958)*
  • Pieper in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62, Beibl. 141 [‘142’]: 1–91 (1928).
  • Rev. Fl. Ceylon, ed. Dassanayake 4 : 348 (1983).
  • Rev. Fl. Ceylon, ed. Dassanayake 4: 348 (1983).
  • Sales in Kew Bull. 56: 189–207 (2001).
  • Sp. Pl.: 638 [‘938’](1753)
  • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 50–68 (1992).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 285 (1754)
  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5–6 (1955–1958)
  • Pieper in E.J. 62, Beibl. 141 (‘142’): 1–91 (1928)
  • Sp. Pl.: 635 (1753)
  • in Rev. Fl. Ceylon 4: 348 (1983) (full generic synonymy)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Agnus-castus Tourn. ex Carrière, Rev. Hort. 42: 415 (1871).
  • Allasia Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 84 (1790).
  • Casarettoa Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 91 (1844).
  • Chrysomallum Thouars, Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 8 (1806).
  • Ephialis Banks & Sol. ex A.Cunn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 1: 461 (1838).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Limia Vand., Fl. Lusit. Bras. Spec.: 42 (1788).
  • Macrostegia Nees in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 218 (1847).
  • Mailelou Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 200 (1763).
  • Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 10(1): 31-80 (1987), reg. rev.
  • Neorapinia Moldenke, Phytologia 5: 225 (1955).
  • Nephrandra Willd., Cothen. Disp. Veg.: 8 (1790).
  • Pistaciovitex Kuntze in T.E.von Post & C.E.O.Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan.: 442 (1903).
  • Psilogyne DC., Biblioth. Universelle Genève 17: 132 (1838).
  • Pyrostoma G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 219 (1818).
  • Rapinia Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Lett. 10: 243 (1860), nom. illeg.
  • Tripinna Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 391 (1790).
  • Tripinnaria Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 173 (1807), nom. superfl.
  • Varangevillea Baill., Hist. Pl. 11: 116 (1892).
  • Vitex L., Sp. Pl. 2: 638 (1753)
  • Wallrothia Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp.: 317 (1821).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 3, 2014 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [5696] Angola K001067045 Type Yes
Jan 1, 2012 Julius, A. [FRI 73624] Malaya K000735428 No
Jan 1, 2012 Pooma, R., et al. [6947] Thailand K000735709 No
Jan 1, 2011 Antilahimena, P. [2890] Madagascar K000735024 No
Feb 17, 2010 Normaya, N. [91512] Malaysia K000249134 No
Feb 17, 2010 Julia, S. [95277] Malaysia K000249136 No
Jan 1, 2010 Pooma, R.et, al. [5369] Thailand K000249673 No
Jan 6, 2009 Nzabi, T. [90] Gabon K000248388 No
Jan 1, 2009 Millar, A.N. [NGF9782] Papua New Guinea K000706997 No
Jan 1, 2009 Patel, I.H.et, al. [1677] Malawi K000509853 No
Jan 1, 2009 Hellwig, F. [390] Papua New Guinea K000722002 No
Jan 1, 2009 Coode, M.; Sands, M.J.S.; Lelean, Y. [NGF46112] Papua New Guinea K000222802 No
Jan 1, 2009 Sands, M.J.S. [844] Papua New Guinea K000222795 No
Jan 1, 2009 Mair, K. [NGF1852] Papua New Guinea K000722006 No
Jan 1, 2009 Patel, I.H.et, al. [1993] Malawi K000509854 No
Jan 1, 2009 Hepplethwaite, H. [NGF546] Papua New Guinea K000722009 No
Jan 1, 2009 Floyd, A.G. [6646] Papua New Guinea K000722007 No
Jan 1, 2009 Womersley, J.S. [NGF37425] Papua New Guinea K000722004 No
Jan 1, 2009 Henty, E.E.; Coode, M.J.E.; Cropley, T. [NGF29143] Papua New Guinea K000706999 No
Jan 1, 2009 Havel, J.J.; Kairo, A. [NGF17325] Papua New Guinea K000722005 No
Jan 1, 2009 Coode, M.; Cropley, T.; Katik, P. [NGF29610] Papua New Guinea K000722001 Yes
Jan 1, 2009 Floyd, A.G. [6646] Papua New Guinea K000722008 No
Jan 1, 2009 Womersley, J.S. [NGF37105] Papua New Guinea K000722003 No
Jan 1, 2009 Henty, E.E.; Coode, M.J.E.; Cropley, T. [NGF29143] Papua New Guinea K000706998 No
Jan 1, 2009 Coode, M.; Sands, M.J.S.; Lelean, Y. [NGF46133] Papua New Guinea K000222798 No
Jan 1, 2009 Conn, B.; Katik, P. [LAE66035] Papua New Guinea K000182545 No
Jan 1, 2008 Koning, J. [9157] Mozambique K000509849 No
Jan 1, 2008 Lozano, P. [1162] Ecuador K000509571 No
Jan 1, 2008 Wood, J.R.I. [13980] Bolivia K000509524 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Julia, S. [146305] Malaysia K000479089 No
Jan 1, 2006 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [5758] Angola K000735141 Type Yes
Dec 1, 2005 Cabral, C. [109] Cameroon K000337796 No
Dec 1, 2005 Cabral, C. [110] Cameroon K000337797 No
Dec 1, 2005 Cabral, C. [104] Cameroon K000337793 No
May 1, 2005 Harvey, Y.B. [89] Cameroon K000199965 No
May 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11184] Cameroon K000199963 No
Jan 1, 2005 Netherlands Indies Forestry Service [bb20284] Indonesia K000826668 No
Jan 1, 2005 Curran, N.M. [127] United States K000223704 Type No
Jan 1, 2005 Leopold; Dewol [74335] Malaysia K000826611 No
Jan 1, 2004 J.C. [1667] Malaysia K000270329 No
Jan 1, 2004 Tanghilisan [120] Indonesia K000826833 No
Jan 1, 2004 Aban, G. [93016] Malaysia K000826832 No
Jan 1, 2004 J.C.; Carrick, J. [1667] Malaysia K000826662 No
Jan 1, 2004 Lütjeharms, W.J. [4655] Indonesia K000826664 No
Jan 1, 2004 Ahmad Talip [50519] Malaysia K000826610 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kanehira, R.; Hatusima, S. [14138] Indonesia K000183104 No
Jan 1, 2003 Burgess, P.F. [47130] Malaysia K000183112 No
Jan 1, 2003 Burgess, P.F. [47130] Malaysia K000183111 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kandau Jenang [59135] Malaysia K000183228 No
Jan 1, 2003 Munting et al. [53149] Malaysia K000183233 No
Jan 1, 2003 Munting et al. [53149] Malaysia K000183229 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kandau Jenang [58181] Malaysia K000183227 No
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3448] Philippines K000183108 No
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3446] Philippines K000183107 No
Jan 1, 2003 Barbon; Romero; Fernando [1807] Philippines K000183109 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kuswata [117] Indonesia K000183230 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kessler et al. [PK 1993] Indonesia K000183235 No
Jan 1, 2003 Gaerlan; Sagcal; Romero [10605] Philippines K000183110 No
Jan 1, 2003 Dyg. Awa; I. Paie [47445] Malaysia K000183232 No
Jan 1, 2003 Hj. Othman; Munting [61513] Malaysia K000183234 No
Jan 1, 2003 Ilias Paie [51899] Malaysia K000270934 No
Jan 1, 2003 Kandau Jenang [58003] Malaysia K000183236 No
Jan 1, 2003 Schlechter, R. [17762] Papua New Guinea K000183231 No
Jan 1, 2002 Womersley, J.S. [NGF19135] Papua New Guinea K000182544 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2727] Cameroon K000107577 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1920] Cameroon K000107578 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2724] Cameroon K000107575 No
Jun 1, 2001 Elad, M. [78] Cameroon K000107580 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10139] Cameroon K000107587 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1396] Cameroon K000107581 No
Jun 1, 2001 Lane, P. [343] Cameroon K000107582 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10377] Cameroon K000107585 No
Jun 1, 2001 Kenfack, D. [240] Cameroon K000107576 No
Jun 1, 2001 Kenfack, D. [218] Cameroon K000107579 No
Jan 1, 1999 Suddee, S.; Puujaa, P. [1100] Thailand K001634577 No
Jun 30, 1987 Stolz, A. [1398] Kenya K000192771 Isosyntype Yes
Jun 30, 1987 Goetze, W. [157] Malawi K000414476 Isotype Yes
Jun 30, 1987 Volkens, G. [132] Tanzania K000192770 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [209] Cameroon K000029529 No
Jan 1, 1958 Maitland, T.D. [1725] Cameroon K000029514 No
Oct 1, 1951 Lanjouw, J.; Lindeman, J.C. [2662] Suriname K001220280 Yes
Oct 1, 1937 Holst, C. [2578] Tanzania K000249033 Isotype Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1751] Burma K001114091 Unknown Type Material Yes
Salleh, I.; Ibrahim, A.; Melinau, G.; Emran, K. [15348] K000705690 No
Mann [860] Sierra Leone K000192744 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mann [860] Sierra Leone K000192743 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fénix, E. [15906] Philippines K000705877 Type No
Aban, G. [90467] Malaysia K000826593 No
Thomas, D.W. [663] Cameroon K000029534 No
Asik, M. [128146] Malaysia K000826608 No
Amin [110497] Malaysia K000826590 No
Aban, G. [31162] Malaysia K000826612 No
Madani, L. [132658] Malaysia K000826607 No
Fénix, E. [15906] Philippines K000183030 Type Yes
Winkler, H.J.P. [1165] Cameroon K000029528 No
Dewol, S.; Karim [78303] Malaysia K000826603 No
Gossweiler, J. [7841] Angola K001008422 Yes
Onochie, C.F.A. [40271] Nigeria K:SPC-17183.000 No
de Menezes, A. [1329] Angola K001008427 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1749] Burma K001114085 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maitland, T.D. [361] Cameroon K000029525 No
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1972] K000192785 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1754] K001114103 Unknown Type Material Yes
unknown [11731] South Africa K000192819 Type Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1759] Nepal K001114112 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sumbing; Asik [110243] Malaysia K000826597 No
Flanaghan [1515] K000249028 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1749] K001114084 Unknown Type Material Yes
Buntar, A. [25888] Malaysia K000826614 No
Welwitsch [5644] Angola K000249101 Type Yes
Majawat, G. [130871] Malaysia K000826609 No
Thomas, D.W. [1080] Cameroon K:SPC-41213.000 No
Grant, D. [846] Kenya K000192780 Type Yes
Grant, D. [846] Kenya K000192779 Type Yes
Grant, D. [846] Kenya K000192781 Type Yes
Dalziel, J.M. [771] K000241372 Type Yes
Soyaux, H. [163] Gabon K000192754 Type Yes
Gerrard, W.; McKeu [2027] South Africa K000192820 Unknown Type Material Yes
Flanagan [578] K000249029 Unknown Type Material Yes
Binideh, P. [63163] Malaysia K000826586 No
Du Puy, B.; Du Puy, D. [MB158] Madagascar K:SPC-57370.000 No
Troupin, G. [3779] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K:SPC-03651.000 No
Asik, M. [116678] Malaysia K000826615 No
Vogel [142] K000241371 Type Yes
Vogel [142] K000241370 Type Yes
Ubaldus, M.; Pius, G.; Tawadong, T.; Baraham, B. [157432] Malaysia K001532523 Yes
Mohtar, A. [S. 47205] Malaysia K001581573 Yes
Bakar, A. [25003] Malaysia K000826601 No
Nguyen, V.D; Nguyen, Q.B.; Tran, T.B.; de Kok, R.; Bramley, G.; Challen, G.; Vorontsova, M.; Davis, A. [HNK1148] Vietnam K001634613 No
Kurz, S. [s.n.] Burma K000910235 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000249027 Type Yes
Amin [67602] Malaysia K000826588 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1758] Burma K001114111 Unknown Type Material Yes
Roxburgh [s.n.] India K000910231 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rosário, C.S. [1924] Suriname K001220281 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [361] Cameroon K000029527 No
Singh, J. [31115] Malaysia K000826613 No
Takeuchi, W., et al. [17801] Papua New Guinea K000938723 No
Fuentes, R.; Fernando, L. [37237] Philippines K000706674 No
Thomas, D.W. [3459] Cameroon K000029532 No
Troupin, G. [3715] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K:SPC-01230.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1757] Burma K001129330 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mikil, G. [31436] Malaysia K000826598 No
Dewol, S. [99445] Malaysia K000826596 No
Aban; Mansus [69400] Malaysia K000826591 No
Amin, G. [129333] Malaysia K000826580 No
Amin, G. [129333] Malaysia K000826581 No
Kirk [s.n.] Tanzania K000192777 Type Yes
Zenker, G.A. [1915] Cameroon K000192763 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rehmann, A. [5422] South Africa K000192822 Type Yes
Madani, L. [88861] Malaysia K000826585 No
Maskuri [138] Indonesia K000826589 No
Hairul, M. [59958] Malaysia K000853736 No
Andau, D. [1182] Malaysia K000705688 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1759] Nepal K001114113 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [1753] K000910232 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rahim, A. [100186] Malaysia K000826595 No
Zenker, G.A. [1333] Cameroon K000192753 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1754] Burma K001114101 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mann [880] K000241366 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mann [880] K000241367 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maitland, T.D. [361] Cameroon K000029526 No
Kirk [108] Tanzania K000414477 Type Yes
Zenker, G.A. [1412] Cameroon K000192758 Unknown Type Material Yes
Cockburn; Saikeh [70022] Malaysia K000826602 No
Suming Jimpin [119696] Malaysia K000826604 No
Baum, H. [298] Angola K001008425 Yes
Fidilis; Asik [96357] Malaysia K000826616 No
Meijer, W. [19524] Malaysia K000826600 No
Loyaux, H. [215] Gabon K000192761 Unknown Type Material Yes
Asik, M. [120039] Malaysia K000826606 No
Julius, A.; Hairul, M.; Rafidah, A. [56284] Malaysia K000853643 No
Madani, L. [92061] Malaysia K000826587 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1753] India K001114100 Unknown Type Material Yes
Aban; Mansus [69400] Malaysia K000826592 No
Menezes, A. [3265] Angola K001008426 Yes
Aban; Mansus [69400] Malaysia K000826582 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1749] India K001114087 Unknown Type Material Yes
Zenker, G.A. [1351] Cameroon K000192762 Unknown Type Material Yes
Soibeh, D. [790] Malaysia K000705689 No
Amin, Ag. [126636] Malaysia K000826599 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1753] Burma K001114099 Unknown Type Material Yes
Daly, D.C. [12206] Brazil K001220279 Yes
Thomas, D.W. [2328] Cameroon K000029524 No
Sawan, Tingki [125309] Malaysia K000826584 No
Suming Jimpin [113883] Malaysia K000826605 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [8644] Tanzania K:SPC-31127.000 No
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1760] Burma K001129331 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dewol, S.; Jumrafiah [124095] Malaysia K000826583 No
Thomas, D.W. [663] Cameroon K:SPC-41225.000 No
Sumbing; Asik [110917] Malaysia K000826594 No
Olorunfemi, J. [FHI 30712] Cameroon K000029544 No
Galpin, E.E. South Africa K000192827 Type Yes
Galpin, E.E. South Africa K000192828 Type Yes
Gossweiler, J. [2264] Angola K001008428 Yes
Myers, J.G. [11814] Sudan K:SPC-26319.000 No
K:SPC-17185.000 No
Harris, D.J.; Fay, J.M. [973] Central African Republic K:SPC-63388.000 No
Patel, H. [s.n.] Mozambique K000614359 No
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3422] Tanzania K:SPC-18108.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1754] Burma K001114102 Unknown Type Material Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1749] K001114086 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Ahern, G.P. [706 Q] Philippines Viticipremna K000223714 Type No

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Trees of New Guinea

    • Trees of New Guinea
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0