Ornithogalum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 306 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Europe to Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar.


Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Azores, Baltic States, British Columbia, Canary Is., Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Finland, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Manning, J.C., Forest, F., Devey, D.S., Fay, M.F. & Goldblatt, P. (2009). A molecular phylogeny and a revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an analysis of four placid DNA regions. Taxon 58: 77-107.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Stedje & Nordal in Nord. J. Bot. 4: 749–759 (1985).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in F.T.A. 7: 544 (1898)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 145 (1754)
  • Nordal & Stedje in Kirkia 14: 12-18 (1993)
  • Oberm. in Bothalia 123: 330 (1978)
  • Stedje & Nordal in Nordic Journ. Bot. 5: 749 (1985)
  • sp Pl.: 306 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1988 Huet de Pavillon [s.n.] Armenia K000464952 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1988 Huet de Pavillon [s.n] Armenia K000464951 Type Yes
Stapf, O. [1533] Iran K002195519 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D27079] Turkey K002195462 Yes
Norman, E.M. [260] Uganda K002195812 Yes
Reverchon, E. [550] Spain K000464920 Isotype Yes
South Africa K:SPC-02458.000 No
Davis; Polunin, O. [25,783] Turkey K002174716 Yes
Rood, A.N. [237] Tanzania K002195741 No
Heldreich, D. [s.n.] Greece K002174180 No
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D28017] Turkey K002195463 Yes
Johnson, M. [JOHM410] Turkey K002195438 Yes
Baytop, A. [9132] Turkey K002195479 Yes
Haygarth, W. [s.n.] South Africa K002196402 No
Gilliat-Smith, B. [s.n.] Iran K002195514 Yes
Furse, P. [1749] Iran K002174687 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Bokhari [D55664] Iran K002195501 Yes
{Cowan; Darlington} [2107] Iran K002174678 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Greece K002174173 No
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K002174151 No
Davis; Dodds; Cetik [20111] Turkey K002195455 Yes
Johnson, M.A.T. [422B] Turkey K002195443 Yes
Furse, P. [1231] Iran K002174688 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [73] Greece K002174181 No
Verdcourt, B. [3860] Kenya K:SPC-30502.000 No
Kotte, W. [39B] Turkey K002195453 Yes
Jacobs, M. [6158] Iran K002195520 Yes
Furse, P. [1138] Iran K002195525 Yes
Davis, P.H. [s.n.] Syria K002195495 Yes
Ball, J. [1008] Spain K002174133 No
Cooper, T. [s.n.] South Africa K000365578 Holotype Yes
Cooper, T. [s.n.] South Africa K000365576 Type Yes
Moggridge, J.T. [s.n.] Italy K002174146 No
Candler, E. [s.n.] Iran K002174684 No
Davis [42852A] Turkey K002195477 Yes
De Langhe, J.E. [165/71] K002174722 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Bokhari [D55682] Iran K002195502 Yes
Stapf, O. [2066] Iran K002195506 Yes
{Cowan; Darlington} [2027] Iran K002174677 No
[Adgsa Groves] [s.n.] Italy K002174149 No
Horton, V. [991] Croatia K002174129 No
Davis, J.J. [44506] Turkey K002195476 Yes
[Mrs. Thompson] [K 2122] Bulgaria K002174125 No
{Th. Kotschy} [502] Turkey K002195467 Yes
s.n. [s.n.] K002196415 Yes
Chesney [84] K000464950 Type Yes
Lovett, J. [1191] Tanzania K002195744 No
Goulimis, C.N. [s.n.] Greece K002174178 No
Trott, A.C. [997] Iran K002195505 Yes
Richards, M. [17596] Tanzania K002195740 No
Wood, J.M. [245] South Africa K000365568 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002174188 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174161 No
G. [C]. Archibald [1576] Iran K002195521 Yes
Özhatay, N.; Johnson, M. [67321] K002195417 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D27313] Turkey K002195474 Yes
South Africa K:SPC-16738.000 No
Welw. [w. 3816] K000400574 Type Yes
Horton, S.V. [1143] Turkey K002195478 Yes
Parsa, G. [312] Iran K000464940 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174155 No
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K002174152 No
{Th. Strauss} [s.n.] Iran K002174759 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P.G. [8016] Tanzania K002195746 No
Shmida, A. [s.n.] Israel K002195452 Yes
Archibald, J.C. [2150] Iran K002195498 Yes
Barkley, F.A.; Haddad, S.Y. [7553] Iraq K002195500 Yes
Tobey [1515] Turkey K002195485 Yes
s.n. [s.n.] K002196051 Yes
Thompson, H.P. [974] North Macedonia K002174135 No
Schlechter [9877] South Africa K000365595 Isotype Yes
Davis [44542] Turkey K002195472 Yes
Holub, E. [s.n.] South Africa K000365561 Type Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D28299] Turkey K002195454 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [1089] Iraq K002195414 Yes
Davis [41053] Turkey K002195473 Yes
[O. Hochii Paul] [s.n.] Croatia K002174138 No
Jawns [s.n.] Turkey K002195469 Yes
[Mark Ogilvie Grant] [s.n.] Greece K002174176 No
Chesney [84] Iraq K000464949 Type Yes
Aucher-Éloy, P.M.R. [1400] K002195457 Yes
Joad, G.C. [1882] Switzerland K002174145 No
Pedersen, C. [979] Tanzania K002195743 No
Davis, D. [45728] Turkey K002195475 Yes
Furse; Synge [373] Iran K002174755 Yes
Thompson, H.P. [1012] North Macedonia K002174136 No
Saltmarshe, E. [1057] South Africa K000365571 Holotype Yes
Dinter [5188] Namibia K000365543 Type Yes
Thompson, M. [K1411] Bulgaria K002174126 No
Nkadimeng, F.; Marima, C.; Pretorious, J. [8548] South Africa K009001216 No
Rehmann, A. [4308] South Africa K000365569 Isotype Yes
Wright, H.E.; bent, A.M. [508-204] Iran K002195515 Yes
Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [B733] Turkey K002195487 Yes
Mathew, B.F. [s.n.] Turkey K002195459 Yes
Ball, J. [s.n.] Austria K002174153 No
Watson, G.A. [s.n.] Iran K002195507 Yes
Özhatay, N.; Byfield, A.J. [66717] K002195419 Yes
Gilliat-Smith, B. [1871] Iran K002174683 No
Schlechter, F.R.R. [138] South Africa K000365594 Type Yes
Merton, L.F.H. [3800] Iran K002195511 Yes
[Gebr. Sintenis] [103] Turkey K002174185 No
Galpin, E.E. [1361] South Africa K000365572 Holotype Yes
Heap, J. [s.n.] South Africa K002196573 No
Stapf, O. [s.n.] Iran K000464946 Type Yes
Sintenis, P. [39] Turkey K002174723 Yes
Stainton, J.D.A. [8445] Turkey K002195470 Yes
Martínez-Azorín, M.; Manning, J.C. [96] South Africa K000524678 Isotype Yes
Mathew, B.F. [11060] Turkey K002195494 Yes
Horton, V. [638] Spain K002174132 No
Aylmer, G.P.V. [s.n.] Sudan K002195656 No
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D28595] Turkey K002195483 Yes
Baytop, A.; Baytop, T. [10832] Turkey K002195492 Yes
Grey-Wilson, C.; Hewer, T.F. [11] Turkey K002174725 Yes
Johnson, M. [JOHM409] Turkey K002195436 Yes
Turrill, M.B. [s.n.] K002196741 No
Mathew, B.F.; Brighton, C. [7566] Bulgaria K002174168 No
James, E. (Sir) [1224] Uganda K002195814 Yes
{Gussone} [1617] Italy K002174154 No
Thulin, M.; Dahir, A. [6571] Somalia K002195659 No
Horton, V. [991] Croatia K002174143 No
Lindsay, N. [1258] Iran K002174758 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D27414] Turkey K002195489 Yes
Aucher-Éloy, P.M.R. [5407] Turkey K002195468 Yes
Vesey-Fitzgerald, L.D.E.F. [424] Tanzania K002195736 No
{Lady Addington} [s.n.] Bulgaria K002174166 No
Manissadjian [163] Turkey K002174724 Yes
Görz, R. [48] Turkey K002174727 Yes
Dinsmore, J.E. [9673] Syria K002174741 Yes
Saunders, K. [s.n.] South Africa K000365567 Type Yes
Jacobs, M. [6574] Iran K002195516 Yes
Tuckett, F.F. [s.n.] Greece K002174175 No
Sandwith, N.Y. [5305] Spain K002174131 No
Stapf, O. [s.n.] Iran K002195508 Yes
Woodward, A.S. [s.n.] Italy K002174157 No
MacOwan [1852] South Africa K000365574 Lectotype Yes
Jean [Mhlyte] [34] Georgia K002195456 Yes
Heady, H.F. [1705] Tanzania K002195724 No
J. S. [Ingham] [177] Iran K002195509 Yes
Rambur [s.n.] France K002174165 No
Fayvush, G.; Tamanyan, K.; Oganesyan, M.; Ter-Voskanyan, H.; Staudinger, S.; Staudinger, M.; Vitek, E. [05-0740] Armenia K002195450 Yes
{Moreau; Mrs Moreau} [72] Tanzania K002195725 No
{Forsyth Major } [556] Turkey K002174726 Yes
[C. Fudleston] [3682] Iran K002174689 Yes
Shaw [s.n.] South Africa K000365575 Holotype Yes
Hennipman, E.; Nijhoff, P.; Swennen, C.; Tulp, A.S.; de Wilde, W. J. J. O. ; Vader, W.J.M. [920] Turkey K002174728 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D31377] Turkey K002195493 Yes
Schlechter [9883] South Africa K000365596 Type Yes
Chick, H.G. [1A] Greece K002174179 No
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D30699] Turkey K002195461 Yes
Bullock, A.A. [2052] Tanzania K002195738 No
Knobel, W. [s.n.] K002196571 No
Forbes [s.n.] South Africa K000365579 Type Yes
V. [M]orton [1539] Greece K002174170 No
Zeyher [1686] South Africa K000365542 Type Yes
Atchley, S.C. [1284] Greece K002174169 No
{Huter; Porta; Rigo} [260] Italy K002174156 No
Baldacci, A. [224] Albania K002174184 No
Burchell [Bulb 71] South Africa K000365563 Type Yes
Richards, H.M. (Mrs.) [10327] Tanzania K002195734 No
Chesney [107] K000464947 Type Yes
Hutton South Africa K000365577 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174186 No
Archibald, J.C. [6339] Turkey K002195421 Yes
Davis, J.J. [43990] Turkey K002195484 Yes
Thompson, H.P. [1164] Greece K002174177 No
s.coll. [1596] Iran K002174757 Yes
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K002174150 No
Bullock, A.A. [2052] Tanzania K002195737 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K002196742 No
Davis [42606] Turkey K002195490 Yes
Lacaita, C. [1247] Italy K002174148 No
South Africa K:SPC-51413.000 No
Pócs, A.; Pócs, T. [86176 M] Tanzania K002195745 No
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [1145] Tanzania K002195739 No
van der Maesen, L.J.G. [1858] Iran K002195504 Yes
Rayner, R.W. [473] Kenya K:SPC-04487.000 No
Mathew, B.F.; Tomlinson, J.A. [4018] Greece K002174174 No
Zarrei, M.; Kamranie, A. [1059] Iran K002195522 Yes
{W .J. Hanekom} [1842] South Africa K002196572 No
Jefferies, L.J. [s.n.] Iran K002174679 No
Wild, H. [2713] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04483.000 No
Leistner, O.A. [2940] South Africa K002196574 No
Furse; Synge [384] Iran K002174756 Yes
Saunders [s.n.] South Africa K000365573 Type Yes
Thompson, H.P. [K 1597] Greece K002174123 No
Davis, P.H. [8715] Jordan K002195496 Yes
Gordan [s.n.] K002174164 No
Sintenis, P. [s.n.] K000464938 Type Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [246] Egypt K002174743 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174162 No
Richards, H.M. (Mrs.) [10885] Tanzania K002195735 No
Balls, E.K. [1173] Turkey K002195488 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [137] Slovenia K002174142 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174159 No
[Coft. H Stuart Hormst] [261] Iran K002174681 No
Dudley, W.R. [D36065] Turkey K002195466 Yes
Greenway, P.J. [4400] Tanzania K002195726 No
Grabmayr, V. [s.n.] Hungary K002174121 No
Pichler, T.; Polak, J.E. [s.n.] Iran K002174682 No
Chakravarty; Rawi; [Khatib]; Alizzi [33117A] Iraq K002195415 Yes
Özhatay, N.; Johnson, M.; Johm [67 336] K002195418 Yes
Cribb, P.; Grey-Wilson, C.; Mwasumbi, L. [11310] Tanzania K002195742 No
Stapf, O. [830] Iran K002174686 Yes
Mathew, B.F. [7517] Bosnia and Herzegovina K002174139 No
Zimbabwe K:SPC-16737.000 No
Jacobs, M. [6489] Iran K002195518 Yes
Watson, G.A. [s.n.] Iran K002195512 Yes
Hughes, F. [s.n.] Egypt K002174744 Yes
R.W.; Thomson, A.P. [502] North Macedonia K002174130 No
Gilliat-Smith, B. [2218] Iran K002174685 No
s.coll. [s.n.] France K002174120 No
Wright, H.E.; Bent, A.M. [404-108] Iran K002195517 Yes
South Africa K:SPC-34912.000 No
Landström, T. [3097] Greece K000464911 Type Yes
Johnson, M.A.T. [JOHM413] Turkey K002195441 Yes
{Mrs. Thompson} [K 2121] North Macedonia K002174141 No
Özhatay, N.; Byfield, A.J. [575] Turkey K002195420 Yes
s.coll. [BSSBE1243] Iran K002174676 No
Gilliat-Smith, B. [2369] Iran K002195513 Yes
Gilliat-Smith, B. [s.n.] Bulgaria K002174167 No
Chesney [107] K000464948 Type Yes
Rix, E.M. [30] Turkey K002195458 Yes
Burchell [Bulb 49] South Africa K000365562 Type Yes
Burchell [Bulb 49] South Africa K000365564 Lectotype Yes
Woods, J. [s.n.] Italy K002174187 No
Brummitt, R.K. [6621] Croatia K002174134 No
Snowden, J.D. [1057] Uganda K002195813 Yes
Stapf, O. [s.n.] Iran K000464945 Unknown Type Material Yes
Houska, J. [s.n.] North Macedonia K002174128 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174158 No
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D28185] Turkey K002195480 Yes
Johnson, M. [JOHM413] Turkey K002195440 Yes
Pócs, T.; Chawa, S. [89035/G] Tanzania K002195723 No
Lamington (Lord) [s.n.] Iran K002174680 No
Barkley, F.A.; Barkley, E. [5824] Iraq K002195413 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D29106] Turkey K002195482 Yes
Davis, P.H. [26] Greece K002174183 No
Egger, G.; Aleppo [22] Turkey K002195471 Yes
Galpin, E.E. [2272] South Africa K000365570 Holotype Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Iran K002195524 Yes
Burke [s.n.] South Africa K002196570 No
Ash, J.W. [415] Ethiopia K002195658 No
Watson, G.A. [s.n.] Iran K002195510 Yes
Davis, J.J.; Hedge, I.C. [D30018] Turkey K002195460 Yes
Balls, E.K. [959] Turkey K002195486 Yes
Mathew, B.F. [7011] Greece K002174171 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Serbia K002174137 No
Stainton [8468] Turkey K002195481 Yes
Thompson, H.P. [s.n.] Greece K002174172 No
Parsa, G. [154] Iran K000464939 Type Yes
Davis; Bokhari [D56293] Iran K002195503 Yes
{C. lacaita; Béguinot, A.} [2419] Italy K002174147 No
Aucher-Éloy, P.M.R. [9144] Turkey K001731204 Yes
Gillet, C.C. [11889] Iraq K002195499 Yes
Dudley, W.R. [D35271] Turkey K002195491 Yes
{Burchell} [1966] K002196569 No
Barkley, E.D.; Barkley, F.A. [5849] Iraq K002195497 Yes
Coode, M.J.E.; Jones, B.M.G. [1645] Turkey K002195465 Yes
MacIntosh, D. (Mrs.) [38] Sudan K002195657 No
Mathew, B.F.; Tomlinson, A.J. [4024] Montenegro K002174127 No
Brandham, P. [s.n.] Greece K002174182 No
Horton, V. [808] Italy K002174163 No
Thompson, H.P. [K2122] Bulgaria K002174124 No
{Zarrei, M.; Sh. Zarre} [1062] Iran K002195523 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Italy K002174160 No
Breyer [s.n.] South Africa K000365565 Type Yes
Breyer [s.n.] South Africa K000365566 Type Yes
Paterson, F. [2151] South Africa Neopatersonia K000365540 Type Yes
Paterson, F. [2151] South Africa Neopatersonia K000365541 Topotype Yes


  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images