Polemoniaceae Juss.

First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 136. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (as "Polemonia") (1789)nom. cons.
This family is accepted


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385


  • Grant, V. (1998). Primary classification and phylogeny of the Polemoniaceae, with comments on molecular cladistics. American Journal of Botany 85(6): 741-752.
  • Johnson, L.J., Schultz, J.L., Soltis, D.E. & Soltis, P.S. (1996). Monophyly and generic relationships of Polemoniaceae based on matK sequences. American Journal of Botany 83 (9): 1207-1224.
  • Johnson, L.J., Soltis, D.E. & Soltis, P.S. (1999). Phylogenetic relationships of Polemoniaceae inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences. Plant Systematics & Evolution 214: 65-89.
  • Maas, P. J. M. & Westra, L. Y. Th. (2005). Neotropical Plant Families. 3rd ed. Pp. 246. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell.
  • Porter, J.M. & Johnson, L.A. (1998). Phylogenetic relationships of Polemoniaceae: inferences from mitochondril NAD1B intron sequences. Aliso 17(2): 157-188.
  • Porter, J.M. (1997). Phylogeny of Polemoniaceae based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer DNA sequences. Aliso 15(1): 57-77.
  • Stevens, P. F. (2001) onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June (2008).
  • Wilken, D.H. (2004). Polemoniaceae. Pp. 300-312. In: Kubitzki, K. (ed.). The families and genera of vascular plants VI. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.
  • Wilken, D.H. (2004). Polemoniaceae. Pp. 304-306. In: Smith, N., Mori, S. A., Henderson, A., Stevenson, D. W. and Heald, S. V. (eds.). Flowering Plants of the Neotropics. The New York Botanical Garden, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook

  • Grant, V. (2003). Taxonomy of the Polemoniaceae: the subfamilies and tribes. Sida 20: 1371–1385.
  • Johnson, L. (2009). Polemoniaceae. Phlox family. In: The Tree of Life Web Project. http://tolweb.org/Polemoniaceae/
  • Porter, J. M. & Johnson, L. A. (2000). A phylogenetic classification of Polemoniaceae. Aliso 19: 55–91.Rhui-cheng, F. & Wilken, D. H. (1995). Polemoniaceae. Flora of China 16: 326–327. Science Press, Beijing; Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Wilken, D. H. (2004). Polemoniaceae. In: K. Kubitzki (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, VI: 300–312. Springer Verlag, Berlin & Heidelberg.


  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook

    • The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0