Annonaceae Juss.

First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 283. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (1789)nom. cons.
This family is accepted

Accepted Genera


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • APG IV (2016)

The Kew Tropical Plant Families Identification Handbook

  • Bakker, M. E. (2002). Annonaceae: Neotropical Genera and Species. Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam. [CD-ROM.])
  • Kessler, P. J. A. (1993a). Annonaceae. In: K. Kubitzki, J. G. Rohwer & V. Bittrich (eds),The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 2: 93–129. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Sinclair, J. (1955). The revision of the Malayan Annonaceae. Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 14: 149–516.
  • Van Heusden, E. C. H. (1992). Flowers of Annonaceae: morphology, classification, and evolution. Blumea suppl. 7: 1–218.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1971). Annonaceae. In: E. Milne-Redhead & R. M. Polhill (eds), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Crown Agents, London.


  • Chatrou, L.W. (1998). Changing genera. Systematic studies in Neotropical and West African Annonaceae. pp.1-224. PhD thesis. Utrecht.
  • Couvreur, T.L.P., Maas, P.J.M., Meinke, S., Johnson, D.M. & Kessler, P.J.A. (2012). Keys to the genera of Annonaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 169(1): 74-83.
  • Erkens, R.H.J. (2007). From morphological nightmare to molecular conundrum. Phylogenetic, evolutionary and taxonomic studies on Guatteria (Annonacae).  pp.1-276. PhD thesis. Utrecht.
  • Johnson, D.M. & N.A. Murray. (1995). Synopsis of the tribe Bocageeae (Annonaceae) with revisions of Cardiopetalum, Froesiodendron, Trigynaea, Bocagea, and Hornschuchia. Brittonia 47: 248-319.
  • Kessler, P.J.A. (1993). Annonaceae, pp 93-129. In: K. Kubitzki (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants vol 2. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Maas, P.J.M. & L.Y.Th. Westra (1984)/85. Studies in Annonaceae II. A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A. St.-Hil. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 105: 73-134. (1984); Bot Jahrb. Syst. 105: 145-204. (1985).
  • Maas, P.J.M. & L.Y.Th. Westra. (2003). Revision of the Neotropical genus Pseudoxandra. Blumea 48: 201-259.
  • Maas, P.J.M. & L.Y.Th. Westra.(1992). Rollinia (Annonaceae). Flora Neotropica Monograph 57: 1-188.
  • Maas, P.J.M., L.Y.Th. Westra & M. Vermeer. (2007). Revision of the Neotropical genera Bocageopsis, Onychoptalum, and Unonopsis (Annonaceae). Blumea 52: 413-554.
  • Maas, P.J.M., L.Y.Th. Westra and L.W. Chatrou. (2003). Duguetia (Annonaceae). Flora Neotropica Monograph 88: 1-274.
  • Murray, N.A. (1993). Revision of Cymbopetalum and Porcelia (Annonaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 40: 1-121.
  • Oliveira, J. & M.F. Sales. (1999). Estudo taxonomico dos generos Ephedranthus S. Moore e Pseudephedranthus Aristeg. - Annonaceae. Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, n.s., Bot. 15(2): 117-166.
  • Pirie, M.D.  (2005). Cremastosperma (and other evolutionary digressions). Molecular phylogenetic, biogeographic, and taxonomic studies in Neotropical Annonacae. pp.1-256. PhD thesis. Utrecht.
  • Westra, L.Y. Th. (1985). Studies in Annonaceae IV. A taxonomic revision of Tetrameranthus R.E. Fries. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. C. 88: 449-482.

Trees of New Guinea

  • Chaowasku T., Johnson D.M., Van der Ham, R.W.J.M. & Chatrou, L.W. (2012). Characterization of Hubera (Annonaceae), a new genus segregated from Polyalthia and allied to Miliusa. Phytotaxa 69: 33–56.
  • Chaowasku, T. & Keßler, P.J.A. (2006). Miliusa lanceolata (Annonaceae), a new species from Papua New Guinea. Blumea 51: 553–557.
  • Chaowasku, T. & Keßler, P.J.A. (2013). Phylogeny of Miliusa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae: Malmeoideae: Miliuseae), with descriptions of two new species from Malesia. European J. Taxonomy 54: 1–21.
  • Couvreur, T.L.P., Maas, P.J.M., Meinke, S., Johnson, D.M., & Keßler, P.J.A. (2012). Keys to the genera of Annonaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 169: 74–83.
  • Mols, J.B., Keßler, P.J.A., Rogstad, S.H. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2008). Reassignment of Six Polyalthia Species to the new genus Maasia (Annonaceae): Molecular and morphological congruence. Syst. Bot. 33:490–494.
  • Su, Y.C.F. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2006). Monograph of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 79: 1–204.
  • Su, Y.C.F., Chaowasku, T. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2010). An extended phylogeny of Pseuduvaria (Annonaceae) with descriptions of three new species and a reassessment of the generic status of Oreomitra. Syst. Bot. 35: 30–39.
  • Su, Y.C.F., Mols, J.B., Takeuchi, W., Keßler, P.J.A. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2005). Reassessing the generic status of Petalolophus (Annonaceae): evidence for the evolution of a distinct sapromyophilous lineage within Pseuduvaria. Syst. Bot. 30: 494–502.
  • Surveswaran, S., Wang, R.J., Su, Y.C.F. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2010). Generic delimitation and historical biogeography in the early-divergent ‘ambavioid’ lineage of Annonaceae: Cananga, Cyathocalyx and Drepananthus. Taxon 59: 1721–1734.
  • Turner, I.M. & Veldkamp, J.F. (2009). A history of Cananga (Annonaceae). Gard. Bull. Sing. 61: 189–204.
  • Weerasooriya, A.D. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2010). Monograph of Mitrephora (Annonaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 90:1–167.
  • Xue, B., Su, Y.C.F., Thomas, D.C. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2012). Pruning the polyphyletic genus Polyalthia (Annonaceae) and resurrecting the genus Monoon. Taxon 61: 1021–1039.
  • van Heusden, E.C.H. (1994). Revision of Meiogyne (Annonaceae). Blumea 38: 487–511.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D.; Zappi, D.C.; Henicka, G.S.; Frisby, S.; Pena, E.M.; Milliken, W.; Piva, J.H.; Antunes, R.L. [2388] Brazil K000578755 Yes
Nov 1, 2006 Projeto Flora Cristalino; Gallo, A.; Della Colleta, R.F.L. [282] Brazil K000447396 Yes
Apr 13, 2006 Riswan et al. [TWH 077] Indonesia K000271576 Yes
Apr 12, 2006 Takeuchi et al. [13950] Papua New Guinea K000271518 Yes
Oct 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [12140] Cameroon K000040202 Yes
Walker, J.S.; Cahill, A.J. [TGK17] Indonesia K:SPC-73957.000 No
Rooden, J., van [770] Mexico K000556796 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [12205] Thailand K000595833 Yes
Simbiano, F.J.; Konomou, G.; Mamy, L.; Onivogui, M. [632] Guinea K000010802 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [16311] Thailand K000595834 Yes
Gardner, S.; Sidisunthorn, P.; Khumchompoo, S. [ST2014] Thailand K001129706 Isotype Yes
Gardner, S.; Sidisunthorn, P.; Khumchompoo, S. [ST2014] Thailand K001129707 Isotype Yes
Johns, R.J. [8761] Indonesia K:SPC-72514.000 No
Briggs, M.; Simbiak, V.; Paiki, T. [641] Indonesia K:SPC-67030.000 No
Muller, T.; Clark, G. P.; Pascal, O. [4019] Mozambique K000788000 Yes
Ishiki, M.; Maas, P.J.M. [2235] Mexico K000556797 Yes
Johns, R.J. [8790] K:SPC-62503.000 No
Osborne, J.; Banze, A.; Datizua, C.; Mamba, A.; Mucaleque, P.; Rachide, T.; Maoji, S.O. (guide) [JO1708] Mozambique K001346949 No
Jemree, S.; et al. [S 90065] Malaysia K001590266 Yes
Johns, R.J. [8789] K:SPC-62560.000 No
Jawa, R.; et al [S.70015] Malaysia K001622544 Yes
Cheek, M. [11723] Cameroon K000460012 Yes
Johns, R.J. [9853] K:SPC-64365.000 No
Davis, A.P.; Rakotonasolo, F. [APD2514] Madagascar K:SPC-72316.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 9111] K001132230 Unknown Type Material Yes
Waterman, P.G.; McKey, D. [854] Cameroon K:SPC-40807.000 No
McKey, D.; Gartlan, J.S. [238] Cameroon K:SPC-39977.000 No
Puradyatmika, P. [10439] K:SPC-64355.000 No
Cheek, M. [11504] Cameroon K000460011 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] Burma K001132767 Unknown Type Material Yes
Puradyatmika, P. [10426] K:SPC-64354.000 No
Johns, R.J. [8760] Indonesia K:SPC-72517.000 No
Cheek, M. [7153 A] Cameroon K000436267 Yes
Utteridge, T.M.A. [107] Indonesia K:SPC-62409.000 No
Johns, R.J. [8798] K:SPC-62492.000 No
Briggs, M.; Simbiak, V.; Paiki, T. [635] Indonesia K:SPC-77309.000 No
Puradyatmika, P. [10444] K:SPC-70458.000 No
Hepper, F.N.; Maley, J. [7891] Cote d'Ivoire K000040201 Yes
Utteridge, T.M.A. [111] Indonesia K:SPC-70106.000 No
Coode, M.J.E. [5352] Philippines K:SPC-51110.000 No
Richod, A. [54] Madagascar K:SPC-40075.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9222] K:SPC-62487.000 No


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    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
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  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
  • Trees of New Guinea

    • Trees of New Guinea
  • The Kew Tropical Plant Families Identification Handbook

    • The Kew Tropical Plant Families Identification Handbook