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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Abutilon sp.

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Biennial to perennial (rarely annual) erect or occasionally spreading herbs or shrubs, variously pubescent, usually with stellate hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, usually more or less ovate in outline with cordate base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers generally yellow to orange, rarely white, mauve or purple, small to medium-sized, axillary, solitary or fascicled, rarely 2–4-nate on a common peduncle, sometimes on short axillary leafy side-shoots, sometimes aggregated in terminal and lateral leafy pseudo-panicles; pedicels usually articulated in the upper half often near the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with a cupular to campanulate tube; lobes 5, distinct, semi-orbicular to lanceolate, usually acute to acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, connate at the base and adnate to the base of the staminal tube, usually conspicuously longer than the calyx and in open flowers usually spreading to rotate, generally obovate with a narrow subunguiculate often ciliate basal portion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube divided at the apex into many filaments, dilated below, glabrous or stellate-pubescent; free parts of filaments terete; anthers reniform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5 to c. 40, 3–9-ovulate, in a circle around a distinct torus and joined to form a subglobose gynoecium; style-branches as many as the carpels, terete, filiform or clavate; stigmas simple to somewhat capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose or turbinate to hemispherical or almost disk-shaped, often truncate, depressed or umbilicate at the apex; mericarps 5 to many, laterally compressed, follicular, (1) 2–3 (9)-seeded, separating from the ultimately conical or subcylindric and usually more or less produced or dilated to capitate torus and usually dehiscing by the ventral suture, ultimately grey or brown to black, oblong to subrectangular, reniform or more or less semi-orbicular, rounded to truncate at the base and rounded, truncate or acute at the apex, muticous to mucronate, apiculate or awned at the upper dorsal (outer) angle or at the apex, the ventral side with a usually distinct retrorse tooth which originally fitted over and against the apex of the torus.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform, often unequally so and more or less comma-shaped, glabrous, puberulous or stellate-tomentose, smooth, finely pitted or minutely papillose to verruculose; embryo curved; cotyledons folded; endosperm scanty.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, usually with stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire or rarely shallowly 3-lobed; stipules usually filiform to linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or clustered, sometimes on short axillary branches, often aggregated into terminal and lateral panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals mostly yellow, united at the base and adnate to the base of the staminal tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of (5–)10–40 3–9-ovulate free carpels around a central axis; style-branches as many as the carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a subglobose to flattened schizocarp; mericarps usually dehiscing apically along the ventral suture, 1–3(–9)-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform to globose, glabrous to tomentose, smooth to warted.
Distribution
Some 170–180 species, pantropical andmost subtropical regions.
Note
The circumscription of several of the species, particularly some of the more widespread ones, is uncertain and in need of further study. This account is therefore to be regarded as preliminary.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs or rarely small trees, mostly erect but a few prostrate or subscandent.
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum stellate and often simple as well
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate or less often subsessile; lamina mostly cordate at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf axils or fascicled or less often 2–6 on a common peduncle, sometimes forming terminal leafy or leafless panicles; peduncles usually articulated near apex (the upper part perhaps to be looked on as a pedicel?)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or orange (sometimes with a red to purple centre), or white (often with a dark centre) or pink, mauve or purple; petals 5, joined at the extreme base and adnate to base of the staminal tube, longer than the calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube usually stellate-pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5–± 40, 2–9-ovulate, joined to form a subglobose or broadly cylindrical ovary; style-branches as many as the carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, broadly cylindrical or barrelshaped, often deeply depressed in centre; mericarps laterally much compressed, apiculate or awned and usually with retrorse tooth on the ventral margin, usually dehiscing apically, (1–)2–3(–9)-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually irregularly reniform, glabrous to tomentose, smooth or variously papillate or pitted
Note
Many are very distinct but there are several very difficult complexes, the taxonomy of which is far from resolved. Several species are widely cultivated but I have seen only three specimens from East Africa namely A.   hybridum Hort., Gitonga 114, Njoro Plant Breeding Station, 20 June 1971 and Graham Bell 6, Closeburn, Nairobi, 3 Mar. 1952. Jex-Blake (Gard. E. Afr. ed. 4: 102 (1957)) mentions A. darwinii Hook. f., A. hildebrandtii (see page 137), A. insigne Planch., A. megapotamicum (Spreng.) St. Hil. & Naudin, A. striatum Lindl. (now known as A. pictum (Hook. & Arn.) Walp.), A. venosum Walp., [ Gillett 22753, Closeburn Nurseries, Nairobi, 15 Dec. 1979] and A. vitifolium (Cav.) Presl (sometimes placed in a separate genus as Corynabutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney. #

[FSOM]
Use
Some species are widespread ruderals, others are ornamentals or cultivated as fiber crops.

Doubtfully present in:

French Guiana

Native to:

Afghanistan, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kirgizstan, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Bermuda, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chagos Archipelago, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, East Aegean Is., Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Primorye, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Tennessee, Tokelau-Manihiki, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Vermont, Virginia, Wake I., Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia

Abutilon Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000201181
Gay, J. [s.n.] K001217379
Gay, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001217381
Buzato, S. [27025], Brazil K001217390
Prance, G.T. [10063], Brazil K001217391
Chautems, A. [28], Brazil K001217388
Lobb [s.n.], Brazil K001217395
Rambo, B. [42412], Brazil K001217383
Fraga, C.N. [2558], Brazil K001217380
Burchell [6187], Brazil K001217389
Buzato, S. [26299], Brazil K001217392
Mynssen, C.M. [1001], Brazil K001217387
Buzato, S. [27198], Brazil K001217394
Satabie, B. [195], Cameroon K000105324
Dusén, P. [16975], Brazil K001217385
Glaziou, A. [14504], Brazil K001217384
Buzato, S. [27026], Brazil K001217393
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000201180
Robert, A. [480/b], Brazil K001217382

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Takeuchi, C. & Lopes Esteves, G. (2012). Synopsis of Abutilon (Malvoideae, Malvaceae) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil Phytotaxa 44: 39-57.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 183.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gard. Dict. Abridg. ed. 4 (1754).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Adans., Fam. 2: 398 (1763)
  • Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 7: 24 (1902)
  • Boll. Ort. Soc. Palermo N.S. 1: 71–102 (1915)
  • Gardn. Dict. abr. ed. 4 (1754)
  • J. Bot. 31: 71–76, 267–272, 334–338, 361 (1893)
  • Lundellia 5: 79–118 (2002)
  • V.E. 3 (2): 370–374 (1921)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/