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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, annual or perennial with ± woody base and herbaceous shoots, usually with rosulate foliage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike on a scape or peduncle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers all bisexual, sessile and bracteate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, imbricate, in some species the two anterior sepals connate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (in Iraq plants) usually 2-locular; ovules 1-many in each locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (in Iraq plants) a capsule dehiscing by a transverse circular slit, or in some species a nutlet.
Distribution
About 200 species, cosmopolitan in distribution. Several species are polymorphic showing great variations in their vegetative features which has led to the recognition of many infraspecific taxa.
Note
Plantago comes from the Latin “planta”, a footprint.

[FZ]

Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually in radical rosettes or opposite or alternate on branched stems, various in shape, usually entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pedunculate, cylindrical spike or head, with inconspicuous flowers, each subtended by a bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers almost always hermaphrodite, 4-merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx about as long as the corolla tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4-lobed, somewhat scarious; tube campanulate-tubular or urceolate; lobes lanceolate or ovate, shorter than the tube, usually with membranous margins or deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, inserted in the corolla tube, alternating with the corolla lobes, exserted; filaments slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk rare.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose or nearly so, bilocular, ovules 1-many in each locule; style usually much exserted and villous, more rarely included; stigma simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a membranous capsule, circumscissile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually more or less boat-shaped with ventral hilum, mucilaginous when wet; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.

[FTEA]

Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs or suffruticose herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually all radical but sometimes, in the species with developed stems, cauline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers nearly always hermaphrodite, 4-merous, in heads or cylindrical spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted in the corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-4-locular; ovules 1-many in each locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule circumscissile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually ± boat-shaped with ventral hilum; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Niger, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Angola, Ascension, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cook Is., Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kerguelen, Leeward Is., Marion-Prince Edward, Marshall Is., Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia

Plantago L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6017], Brazil K001048632
Gardner [5138], Brazil K001048622
Gardner [216], Brazil K001048624
Burchell [3241], Brazil K001048623
Rico, L. [1909], Morocco K000564905

First published in Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 52 (1754)

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 504.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)
  • in Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754)
  • Pilg. in E.P. IV. 269: 1-466 (1937)
  • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0