Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Peucedanum L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Madeira, NW. Africa, Temp. Eurasia to Philippines, Hawaiian Islands.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, rarely biennial or monocarpic herbs, often glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately decomposite, pinnate or ternately decomposite, segments broad or narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound Inflorescence polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre absent or of few to many bracts, bracteoles usually numerous, rarely absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or yellowish, more rarely pink, petals obovate to ovate with an inflexed (unusually long) acumen, emarginate or entire above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth absent or small but distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit elliptical to ovate or suborbicular, strongly dorsally plano-compressed Mericarps flattish or variously convex, intermediate ribs filiform, not or scarcely prominent, laterals flattened, closely contiguous, forming a mostly thin wing to the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae usually solitary in the valleculae (more rarely 2 or 3 and very slender)
Disc
Disk usually ± flattened, undulate-margined, with small stylopodia
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm with the commissural face flat or almost so.
Distribution
Up to 60 species in Eurasia; one species in Iraq.
Note
Peucedanum (πευκέδᾰνον, peukedanon, the Gr. name of a plant in Theophrastus, perhaps from Gr. πεύκο, pine, referring to the resinous juices of P. officinale, the “sulphur root” used in veterinary medicine.

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, rarely biennials or annuals.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnate or ternate, or compound forms of these, rarely finely divided.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, bracts 0 to numerous, probably sometimes caducous; bracteoles several to numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth minute or 0.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, cream or yellow, sometimes flushed with pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit orbicular, oblong or pyriform, very strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with a broad commissure. Lateral wings well developed as expansions of the marginal ribs, sometimes surrounding the stylopodium on both sides, dorsal ribs filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodium well developed, conical.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae 1–3 in each interval and 2 in the commissural face.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore divided to the base.

[FTEA]

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Biennial or perennial herbs, glabrous to variously pilose, rootstock various
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variously pinnately or ternately divided into filiform to broad and jaggedly toothed segments, nervation pinnate, very rarely parallel-nerved and then with obscure secondary venation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, few–many; involucre of 0 or few caducous to numerous persistent bracts; involucel usually conspicuous, of numerous bracteoles; flowers usually polygamous, the terminal umbels of stem and branches hermaphrodite and fertile or the inner partial umbels or their inner flowers ♂, the opposite or verticillate outer umbels entirely or in part ♂
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth absent to small but distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to cream, yellow or (commonly in Africa) greenish cream, ± incised above with a large or smaller incurved acute point
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit strongly dorsally compressed, oblong to elliptic, obovate or roundish, glabrous, truncate to slightly emarginate at base and apex, the stylopodia ± apical, commissure wide; 3 dorsal ribs ± prominent, slender, 2 marginal ribs expanded into distinct, broad to rather narrow, paper-thin or thicker wings; vittae 2–8(–12) on the commissural face, when numerous then slender and variable in number and sometimes irregular; vallecular vittae l–3(–5) or rarely almost a complete ring of vittae around the endosperm; vittae usually black and conspicuous in the ripe fruit, but on the commissure sometimes concealed by overlying tissue and clear only in section; stylopodia conical; styles short; carpophore deeply bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm flat or shallowly bisulcate on the commissural face, slightly to clearly sulcate beneath the vittae dorsally.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sardegna, Socotra, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Sri Lanka

Introduced into:

Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pennsylvania, West Virginia

Peucedanum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Holda, J., USSR 18739.016 No
Killick, D.J.B. [1227], South Africa K000272709 isotype Yes
Bidgood, S. [5473], Tanzania K000190703 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 245 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 18.

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 116 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 245 (1753);

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 116 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl 1: 245(1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 116 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 245 (1753)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0