Paepalanthus Mart.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical America.

[FTEA]

Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Variable herbs, annual or perennial, the stem short or elongate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves thin to thick and coriaceous; capitula single or arranged in umbels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitulum villous; floral bracts present; flowers 2–3-merous; petals eglandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: sepals free except at the extreme base; petals connate into a glabrous infundibular tube bearing the stamens on its truncate upper margin; stamens as many as the petals, white; petal-tube finally involute and enclosing the stamens; a rudimentary pistil present Female flowers: sepals free except at the extreme base and usually becoming rigid at maturity; petals free; style with glandular appendages alternating with the stigmas, these simple or bifid
sex Male
Male flowers: sepals free except at the extreme base; petals connate into a glabrous infundibular tube bearing the stamens on its truncate upper margin; stamens as many as the petals, white; petal-tube finally involute and enclosing the stamens; a rudimentary pistil present
sex Female
Female flowers: sepals free except at the extreme base and usually becoming rigid at maturity; petals free; style with glandular appendages alternating with the stigmas, these simple or bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds variable, often with longitudinal ridges.

Native to:

Alabama, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mississippi, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Suriname, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Virginia, Zambia, Zaïre

Paepalanthus Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sakuragui, C.M. [CFCR 140818], Brazil Blastocaulon K000887347 Yes

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 2: 28 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Trovó, M. & Takeo Sano, P. (2010). Taxonomic survey of Paepalanthus section Diphyomene (Eriocaulaceae) Phytotaxa 14: 49-55.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0