Eriocaulon L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is NW. Europe, Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Russian Far East, America.


Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Scapes single, often twisted, enclosed at the base by a tubular sheath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts of the capitulum scarious to coriaceous, spreading or reflexed at maturity; floral bracts frequently white-hairy towards the tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile or pedicellate on the central receptacle, male and female mixed or the female around the periphery (especially in annuals)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free or ± connate especially in the male flowers, usually free in the female, often navicular, sometimes winged
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals with a subapical or apical black gland on the inner face, or the glands sometimes reduced or absent, often white-hairy at the tip; male petals all very small or one enlarged and exserted from the capitulum
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the petals (except E. angustibracteum ); anthers black or white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds relatively large, ellipsoid, yellow to reddish brown, smooth or distinctively patterned.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:


Eriocaulon L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Adames, P., Sierra Leone 22474.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9039], Indonesia 72447.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9039], Indonesia 72634.000 No
Glaziou, A. [19998], Brazil K000887117 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Uruguay K000887122 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [CFCR 13790], Brazil K000887115 Yes
Rezende, J.M. [1006], Brazil K000887121 Yes
Burchell [7831 -2], Brazil K000887119 Yes
Mello-Silva, R. [1655], Brazil K000887114 Yes
Burchell [5656], Brazil K000887118 Yes
Bidgood, S. [5281], Tanzania K000190511 No
Pirani, J.R. [1875], Brazil K000887116 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [5421], Brazil K000887123 Yes
Burchell [4722 - 2], Brazil K000887120 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 231
  • Ruhland in Engl., Pflanzenr. Eriocaulac. 30 (1903).
  • Sp. Pl. 87 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • H. Hess in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 65: 123–178 (1955)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 38 (1754)
  • Meikle in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 57–64 (1968)
  • N.E. Br. in F.T.A. 8: 231–259 (1901)
  • Oberm. in F.S.A. 4(2): 9–19 (1985)
  • Ruhland in E.P. 4, 30: 30–117 (1903)
  • Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images