Gentiana Tourn. ex L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 227 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Temp. Eurasia, Tropical Asian Mountains to SE. Australia, N. & Central America, W. & S. South America to NW. Venezuela, Falkland Islands.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Hainan, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Malaya, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 285 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1, 227 (1753);

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 2012 Rico, L.; Windsor-Shaw, T.; Malavasi, A.; Viscarra, J.; Remy, F. [1513] Bolivia K000295172 No
Jan 1, 1978 Drummond, J. [s.n.] United States K000872152 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1978 Gray, A.; Sullivan, S. [s.n.] United States K000872151 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Wilson, E.H. [5108] China K000843932 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1935 Smith, H. [12537] China K000857099 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1931 Smith, H. [7345] China K000857109 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1928 Smith, H. [4569] China K000843931 Type Yes
Elwes, H.J. [s.n.] K000843949 Unknown Type Material Yes
Yooprasert, S.; Meeprom, N.; Nguyen, D. V.; Nguyen, K. S.; Pham, H. X. [VN 89-1 (285)] Vietnam K001768317 No
Clarke, C.B. [29874] India K000872220 Holotype Yes
Moorcroft, W. [Cat. no. 4390] India K001038885 Unknown Type Material Yes
Handel-Mazzetti, H.F.von [9895] China K000843494 Isotype Yes
Osten-Sacken, F.P.von, der [s.n.] K000843926 Isosyntype Yes
Purdom, W. [406] China K000843496 Type Yes
Hooker, J.D. [30] India K000843997 Type Yes
Strachey, R.; Winterbottom, J., E. [11] K000196175 Yes
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] India K000843950 Type Yes
Ching, R.C. [585] China K000857074 Type Yes
s.coll. [619] Pakistan K000872213 Type Yes
Small, H. [12979] China K000843504 Syntype Yes
Kindgon Ward, F. [1134] China K000843493 Type Yes
Groves, H. [s.n.] Italy K000857133 Unknown Type Material Yes
Giulianetti, A. [s.n.] New Guinea K000872117 Type Yes
K:SPC-25436.000 No
Forrest, G. [25423] K000843507 Type Yes
Delavay, M. [s.n.] China K000843526 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Indian Subcontinent K000195806 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schneider, C. [3592] China K000843527 Holotype Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4386] Nepal K000639577 Unknown Type Material Yes
Potanin, G.N. [s.n.] China K000857104 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hooker, J.D. [30] India K000843996 Type Yes
Rostan, E. [s.n.] K000857134 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J.R.I.; Serrano, M. [14664] Bolivia K000014444 Yes
Bang, M. [1232] Bolivia K000438932 Unknown Type Material Yes
Ward, F.K. [6130] China K000843541 Holotype Yes
Melville, R.; Melville, E.F. [5977] New Zealand K:SPC-36964.000 No
Schiffner, V. [s.n.] Indonesia K000872088 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] India K000843947 Type Yes
Trotter, L.; Crosbie, O. [8] Korea, North K000843930 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rock, J.F. [13736] China K000857106 Unknown Type Material Yes
Renitue, J. [475] India K000195808 Type Yes
Forrest, G. [408] China K000843500 Type Yes
Ching, R.C. [870] China K000857105 Type Yes
Hay [s.n.] Nepal K000872221 Type Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4388] Nepal K001038883 Unknown Type Material Yes
K000196173 Yes
Hooker, J.D. [39] India K000843948 Type Yes
Przewalski, N.M. [s.n.] China K000843516 Type Yes
Soulie, J.A. [203] China K000843529 Type Yes
Potanin, G.N. [s.n.] China K000843599 Isotype Yes
Smith, H. [12529] China K000843503 Syntype Yes
Ludlow, F.; Sherriff, G.; Taylor, G. [6073] China K000843933 Type Yes
Forrest, G. [20640] China K000843499 Type Yes
Rico, L.; Avendaño R., R. [2041] Mexico K000266018 No
Smith, H. [7209] China K000857107 Type Yes
Strachey, R. [14] India K000872212 Type Yes
Maire, E.E. [s.n.] China K000843575 Type Yes
Smith, H. [12440] China K000857100 Type Yes
s.coll. [6728] K000843501 Unknown Type Material Yes
Strachey, R.; Winterbottom, J., E. [13] China K000195805 Syntype Yes
Davidson, R., E. [s.n.] India K000195807 Type Yes
Moorcroft, W. [4390] India K000872217 Unknown Type Material Yes
Melville, R.; Melville, E.F.; Connor, H.E. [6480] New Zealand K:SPC-36983.000 No
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 4389] India K001038884 Unknown Type Material Yes
Przawalski, N.M. [s.n.] China K000857073 Type Yes
Handel-Mazzetti, H.F.von [8431] China K000843505 Type Yes
Pratt, A.E. [463] China K000857077 Type Yes
Forrest, G. [24] China K000843497 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kingdon Ward, F. [7586] China K000843506 Unknown Type Material Yes
Beccari, O. [169] Indonesia K000872087 Unknown Type Material Yes
Forrest, G. [15187] China K000843502 Type Yes
Jaeschke, H. [61] India K000872219 Unknown Type Material Yes
Przewalski, N.M. [s.n.] China K000843598 Unknown Type Material Yes
Royle, J.F. [Cat. no. 4393] India K001038890 Unknown Type Material Yes
Edgeworth, M.P. [84] K000872222 Unknown Type Material Yes
Cruttwell, N.E.G. [57] Papua New Guinea K000872118 Type Yes
Ward, F.K. [6000] China K000843542 Type Yes
Thomson, T. [6] K000872211 Type Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K000872218 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K000872223 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] India K000843946 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hooker, J.D. [4388] India K000843969 Type Yes
Soulié, J.-A. [675] China K000857076 Type Yes
Delavay [1241] China K000857075 Syntype Yes
Melville, R.; Melville, E.F. [6129] New Zealand K:SPC-36970.000 No
Halliwell, B. [4354] Japan K:SPC-46481.000 No
s.coll. [619] Pakistan K000872214 Holotype Yes
Schneider, C. [3592] China K000843528 Type Yes
Forrest, G. [20640] China K000843498 Type Yes
Purdom, W. [406] China K000843495 Isotype Yes
Torrey, J.; Gray, A. [s.n.] United States K000872153 Isotype Yes
Wallich, N. [s.n.] India K000843995 Type Yes
Rock, J.F. [10033] China K000843520 Type Yes
Maire, E.E. [s.n.] China K000843492 Unknown Type Material Yes
Melville, R.; Melville, E.F.; Talbot, H. [5986] New Zealand K:SPC-36966.000 No
Wilson, E.H. [4138] China K000843523 Unknown Type Material Yes
Maroof Shah [387] Pakistan Gentianodes K001567513 No

Sources

  • Flora of Iraq

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images