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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Mongolia.
Capparis buwaldae (Capparidaceae)

[FZ]

Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees; branches often sarmentose, sometimes climbing.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules often transformed into spines.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple and entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of terminal or axillary racemes sometimes condensed into corymbs or umbels, or occasionally of single flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, free or very nearly so, the two outer often overlapping the two inner, equal, or the two inner exceeding the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 4, exceeding, equalling or much smaller than the calyx-segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6–?, free, inserted on a very short androgynophore.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with a gynophore, with 1-several loculi and with 2-several placentas; stigma sessile or subsessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, ovoid or elongated, usually indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–?, embedded in a fleshy pulp, embryo convolute.

[FTEA]

Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham And G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs with flexuous or clambering branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, usually with a pair of generally recurved stipular thorns
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in the leaf-axils or in terminal or lateral variously developed often corymbose racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, free or nearly so, often unequal, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, always present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Androphore absent; stamens 5–40 or more
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose or cylindrical, 1–several-locular; placentas 2–several
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry, globose, irregular or ellipsoid with longitudinal grooves.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs with scrambling or climbing branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, alternate, often leathery; recurved stipular thorns usually present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a corymbose or subumbellate raceme, or flowers solitary in the leaf axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, imbricate, soon falling, unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, usually unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle flattened or subconical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androphore
Androphore absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually many, exceeding the petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynophore
Gynophore mostly subequal with the stamens; ovary glabrous, cylindrical or ellipsoid, 1–several-celled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1–several-seeded berry, usually with coriaceous, smooth, verruculose or grooved pericarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform or ovoid, usually surrounded by a gelatinous pulp.
Distribution
About 140 species, widespread in the tropics and subtropics of the Old and New World.
Note
C. decidua (Forssk.) Edgew. has not yet been recorded from Somalia, but is known from E Ethiopia as well as from Djibouti and Socotra.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Canary Is., Trinidad-Tobago

Capparis Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Coode, M.J.E. [5302], Philippines 51100.000
Greenway, P.J. [6205], Zimbabwe 9008.000
McCloune, J. [174] K000230720
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132282
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132283
Rico, L. [1973], Dominican Republic K000478746
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132715

First published in Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 184 (1915).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 94

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 222 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 503 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Jacobs in Blumea 12: 385–541 (1965).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 222 (1754)
  • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E. & P.Pf., ed. 2, 17B: 172 (1936)
  • Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0