Utricularia L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, annual or perennial, terrestrial, epiphytic or aquatic
Morphology Roots
Root-like organs (rhizoids) usually descending from the base of the inflorescence, usually filiform
Morphology Stem
Stem-like organs (stolons) arising with the rhizoids at the inflorescence base; in the terrestrial and epiphytic species usually short and delicate but sometimes developing into fleshy tubers; in the aquatic species usually more robust and longer Vegetative parts not clearly differentiated but consisting of stems modified to function as roots, stems, leaves and specialized organs (traps) for the capture of small organisms
Morphology Leaves
Foliar organs (leaves) either rosulate at the inflorescence base or alternate, opposite or verticillate on the stolons; in the terrestrial and epiphytic species entire, erect or thalloid, capillary, linear, orbicular or peltate; in the aquatic species ± dichotomously divided into capillary segments
Morphology General Traps
Traps hollow, globose or ovoid, usually stalked, with a mouth which may be basal (adjacent to the stalk), lateral or terminal (opposite to the stalk); mouth provided externally with 2 lips which bear very diverse appendages
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose, bracteate; scape usually simple, sometimes branched, usually filiform, erect or twining, usually glabrous, sometimes papillose, glandular or hairy, provided (especially in the terrestrial and epiphytic species) with sterile bracts (scales); raceme usually elongated, rarely short and subcapitate; pedicels usually short, terete, flattened or ± winged, often reflexed or recurved in fruit; bracts persistent, basifixed or produced below the point of insertion or peltate; bracteoles 2 or absent or sometimes ± fused with the bract, inserted with the bract at the base of the pedicel or rarely with the calyx-lobes at the apex of the pedicel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 2, ± equal or sometimes very unequal, usually free, sometimes ± united at the base, persistent and usually accrescent, sometimes very markedly so; upper lobe usually entire, lower lobe usually emarginate or bidentate, rarely both lobes dentate or fimbriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bilabiate, glabrous, glandular or pubescent; throat closed or sometimes open; upper lip usually ± erect, limb entire, emarginate or bilobed; lower lip usually larger, spurred or rarely saccate at the base, palate usually raised and gibbous, limb spreading or deflexed, entire, emarginate or ± deeply 2–5-lobed; spur ± parallel to the lower lip or divergent at an acute or obtuse angle or rarely in the same plane
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, inserted at the base of the corolla; filaments straight or curved, usually twisted, sometimes winged; anthers dorsifixed, ± ellipsoid, the thecae ± confluent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose or ovoid, unilocular; style usually short, often indistinct, persistent; stigma bilabiate, lower lip usually much larger than the upper which may be obscure or obsolete; ovules 2-many, sessile on a ± fleshy basal or free central placenta, anatropous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, ± globose, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or by pores or circumscissile or indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Embryo undifferentiated. Seeds 1–many, usually small or very small, globose, ovoid, truncate conical, narrowly cylindrical, fusiform, lenticular or prismatic, smooth, verrucose, reticulate, glochidiate or variously winged

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Genus of about 215 species, almost cosmopolitan but mainly in the tropics.
Morphology General Habit
Vegetative parts with root-like organs (rhizoids), stems, leaves and bladder-like traps
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly ± in rosettes and entire in terrestrial species, ± dichotomously divided into filiform segments in aquatic species, inflated float-leaves sometimes present on peduncle in aquatic species
Morphology General Traps
Traps hollow, with a mouth usually provided with external appendages
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in bracteate racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply divided into 2(–4) lobes, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla with upper lip usually erect, lower lip spurred.

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Vegetative parts not clearly differentiated but consisting of stems modified to function as roots, stems, leaves and specialized organs (traps) for the capture of small organisms. Herbs, annual or perennial, terrestrial, epiphytic or aquatic.
Morphology Roots
Root-like organs (rhizoids) usually descending from the base of the inflorescence, usually filiform.
Morphology Stem
Stem-like organs (stolons) arising with the rhizoids at the inflorescence base; in the terrestrial and epiphytic species usually short and delicate but sometimes developing into fleshy tubers; in the aquatic species usually more robust and longer.
Morphology Leaves
Foliar organs (leaves) either rosulate at the inflorescence base or alternate, opposite or verticillate on the stolons; in the terrestrial and epiphytic species mostly entire, erect or thalloid, capillary, linear, circular or peltate; in the aquatic species usually more or less dichotomously divided into capillary segments.
Morphology General Traps
Traps rosulate, or lateral on the rhizoids, stolons or leaves or rarely terminal on the leaves, hollow, globose or ovoid, usually stalked, with a mouth which may be basal (adjacent to the stalk), lateral or terminal (opposite to the stalk); mouth usually provided externally with very diverse appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose, (but sometimes with a single flower) bracteate; peduncle usually simple, sometimes branched, usually filiform, erect or twining, usually glabrous, sometimes papillose, glandular or hairy, often provided (especially in the terrestrial species) with sterile bracts (scales); raceme usually elongated, rarely short and subcapitate; pedicels usually short, terete, flattened or more or less winged, often deflexed or decurved in fruit; bracts persistent, basifixed or produced below the point of insertion or peltate; bracteoles 2 or absent or sometimes more or less fused with the bract, inserted with the bract at the base of the pedicel or rarely with the calyx lobes at the apex of the pedicel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 2, or rarely 4 in 2 decussate pairs, more or less equal or sometimes very unequal, usually free, sometimes more or less united at the base, persistent and usually accrescent, sometimes very markedly so; upper lobe usually entire, inferior lobe usually emarginate or bidentate, rarely both lobes dentate or fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bilabiate, glabrous, glandular or pubescent; throat closed or sometimes open; superior lip usually more or less erect, limb entire, emarginate or bilobed; inferior lip usually larger, spurred or rarely saccate at the base, palate usually raised and gibbous, limb spreading or deflexed, entire, emarginate or more or less deeply 2–5-lobed; spur more or less parallel to the inferior lip or divergent at an acute or obtuse angle or rarely in the same plane.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, inserted at the base of the corolla; filaments straight or curved, usually twisted, sometimes winged; anthers dorsifixed, more or less ellipsoid, the thecae usually more or less confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose or ovoid, unilocular; style usually short, often indistinct, persistent; stigma bilabiate, inferior lip usually much larger than the upper which may be obscure or obsolete; ovules 2-many, sessile on a more or less fleshy free basal placenta, anatropous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, more or less globose or ovoid, dehiscing by longitudinal slits or by pores or circumscissile or indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1-many, usually small or very small, globose, ovoid, truncate conical, narrowly cylindrical, fusiform, lenticular or prismatic, smooth, verrucose, reticulate, glochidiate, papillose or comose or variously winged.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Utricularia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1998 Stannard, B. [50857] 74539.000 No
Jan 1, 1997 Laessoe, T. [53333] 74540.000 No
George, A.S. [9707], Australia 18739.004 No
George, A.S. [10388], Australia 18739.005 No
Melville, R. [4476], Australia 25426.000 No
Erickson, R., Australia 25881.000 No
Erickson, R., Australia 30591.000 No
George, A.S. [9512], Australia 3360.006 No
Baxell, D.F. [W75/173], Australia 37221.000 No
Taylor, P. [17025], Australia 40518.000 No
Taylor, P. [17020], Australia 40519.000 No
Taylor, P. [17031], Australia 40521.000 No
Taylor, P. [17004], Australia 40523.000 No
Weston, A. [17000], Australia 40524.000 No
Taylor, P. [17018], Australia 43273.000 No
Taylor, P. [17017], Australia 43275.000 No
Taylor, P. [17002], Australia 43276.000 No
Taylor, P. [17024], Australia 43284.000 No
Taylor, P. [17026], Australia 43288.000 No
Harley, R.M. [25211], Brazil 54539.000 No
Harley, R.M. [24927], Brazil 54730.000 No
Harley, R.M. [26557], Brazil 54732.000 No
Venezuela 56423.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52826], Brazil 57904.000 No
Harley, R.M. [H52068], Brazil 57905.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52787], Brazil 57910.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50491], Brazil 57911.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52794], Brazil 57912.000 No
Nic Lughadha, E. [H53336], Brazil 57913.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50491], Brazil 57914.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52788], Brazil 57915.000 No
Nic Lughadha, E. [H51117], Brazil 57916.000 No
Stannard, B. [H51699], Brazil 57917.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50491], Brazil 57918.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52790], Brazil 57929.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50063], Brazil 57945.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H52526], Brazil 57947.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50491], Brazil 57958.000 No
Stannard, B. [H51700], Brazil 57959.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H52545], Brazil 57960.000 No
Stannard, B. [H50857], Brazil 57966.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H53333], Brazil 57969.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H53334], Brazil 57970.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H53322], Brazil 57974.000 No
Stannard, B. [H50857], Brazil 57976.000 No
Stannard, B. [H52806], Brazil 57977.000 No
Hind, D.J.N. [H50491], Brazil 57980.000 No
Harley, R.M. [H52064], Brazil 57981.000 No
Thiv, Colombia 58010.000 No
Laessoe, T. [H50896], Brazil 58310.000 No
Harley, R.M. [H 52094], Brazil 58312.000 No
Nic Lughadha, E. [H51117], Brazil 58890.000 No
Harley, R.M. [H50605], Brazil 58990.000 No
Sano, P.T. [H50983], Brazil 58991.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [5665], Brunei 59618.000 No
Harley, R.M. [27643], Brazil 60213.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [5664], Brunei 62696.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [5433], Brunei 62701.000 No
Harley, R.M. [24768], French Guiana 63228.000 No
Harley, R.M. [27636], Brazil 63233.000 No
Harley, R.M. [27636], Brazil 63239.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9415], New Guinea 62484.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9633], New Guinea 62513.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9663], New Guinea 62526.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9633], New Guinea 62527.000 No
Edwards, P.J. [4137], New Guinea 70465.000 No
Johns, R.J. [10424], New Guinea 70636.000 No
Willis, F.R. [91], Indonesia 71464.000 No
Willis, F.R. [161], Indonesia 72302.000 No
Johns, R.J. [10693], Indonesia 72686.000 No
Johns, R.J. [10676], Indonesia 73282.000 No
Clarkson, J.R. [9939], Australia 74532.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132502 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • P. Taylor in Kew Bull. 18 (1) (1963).
  • Pellegr. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 61: 13—21 (1914)
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 469

Flora Zambesiaca

  • P. Taylor in Kew Bull. 18: 1 (1964)
  • Sp. Pl: 18 (1753) & Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 11 (1754).
  • in F.T.E.A., Lentibulariaceae: 1 (1973).
  • in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentibulariaceae: 2 (1972)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 11 (1754)
  • P. Taylor in K.B. 18: 1 (1964)
  • Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753)
  • Stapf in F.T.A. 4 (2): 469 (1906)
  • in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 2 (1972)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
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  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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