Saxifraga Tourn. ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subalpine America and Eurasia, NW. Africa.


Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, frequently caespitose herbs, more rarely annual, biennial or suffruticose, chiefly alpine
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate (rarely opposite), simple and entire, toothed or lobed, or tripartite with lobed segments, often thick in texture
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5 (rarely 4 or absent), cuneate but scarcely clawed below, equal or more rarely unequal, imbricate; receptacle flat or concave, petals and stamens ± hypogynous, perigynous or epigynous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, rarely 8
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 2 (rarely 3–5), fused below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles free, at first connivent, later ± patent or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule opening along the upper inner suture of the carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, small, usually ± verruculose.
About 375 species, chiefly in the N Temperate regions and the Arctic; also on the Andes and one species in the Ethiopian mountains.
Saxifraga (from Lat. saxis, stones, fractus, broken, alluding to the plant’s tendency to cling to rock crevices in alpine areas).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Dakota, Spain, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Introduced into:

Alabama, Canary Is., Colombia, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee

Saxifraga Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [Cat. no. 453] K001132346 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 398 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J., Lampinen, R. & Kurtto, A.(eds.) (1999). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 12: 1-250.


Flora of Iraq

  • Engler & E. Irmscher in Pflanzenr. 4. 117: 1–709 (1919)
  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 189 (1754);
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 398 (1753);

  • Flora of Iraq

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

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