Family:
Typhaceae Juss.

Typha L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FTEA]

Typhaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Stout glabrous marsh herbs with sympodial branched rhizomes covered by distichous cataphylls and having terminal erect shoots
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves transitional, short-bladed; upper leaves with a long sheath closely enveloping the stem, often auricled at the junction with the blade, and a linear obtuse or acute blade gradually widening from a narrow subpetiolar base, semi-cylindric to lenticular in section, sometimes keeled beneath
sex Male
Male inflorescence apical, dense; flowers reduced to a pedicellate group of 2–4(–7) stamens with the filaments fused below; anthers dithecous, oblong, with the connective produced above; bracteoles filiform, spathulate or spathulate-laciniate; pollen grains shed singly or in tetrads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescence a single spike beneath the ♂, remote from it or contiguous, rarely with 1 or 2 additional ♀ spikes remote from each other beneath the first; flowers with the perigonous hairs and bracteoles of similar length, the styles conspicuously longer; bracteoles filiform, broadening into an expanded ovate or spathulate lamina; carpodia about as long as the bracteoles Male inflorescence apical, dense; flowers reduced to a pedicellate group of 2–4(–7) stamens with the filaments fused below; anthers dithecous, oblong, with the connective produced above; bracteoles filiform, spathulate or spathulate-laciniate; pollen grains shed singly or in tetrads
sex Female
Female inflorescence a single spike beneath the ♂, remote from it or contiguous, rarely with 1 or 2 additional ♀ spikes remote from each other beneath the first; flowers with the perigonous hairs and bracteoles of similar length, the styles conspicuously longer; bracteoles filiform, broadening into an expanded ovate or spathulate lamina; carpodia about as long as the bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicle narrowly ellipsoid; seed fusiform.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Some 15 species, almost cosmopolitan, in and around fresh or brackish water.
Note
Description as for the family.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Chagos Archipelago, Chatham Is., Comoros, Hawaii, Labrador

Typha L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 971 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 135
  • Graebner in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 8 Typhac.: 8-18 (1900).
  • Sp. Pl. 971 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 418 (1754)
  • Rohrbach in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb. 11: 67–104 (1870)
  • Schnizlein, Typhaceae(1845)
  • Sp. Pl.: 971 (1753)

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images