Callitriche L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 969 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Cosmopolitan.

Descriptions

Callitrichaceae, Inga Hedberg & Olov Hedberg. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

Note
The leaf shape and arrangement vary considerably with the habitat of the plant Description as for the family All tropical African material was earlier classified as C. stagnalis Scop., but recent taxonomic work has shown that several species can be recognized based on morphological, pollen and chromosomal differences. The four tropical African species fall well within the range of variation Chromosome counts from European material shows the somatic numbers between 6 and 40 The most useful character for identification is that of ripe fruits The adaptation of the genus to aquatic life has resulted in the reduction of several morphological features, so that only a few reliable characters remain which can be used for identification Terrestrial plants tend to have ovate or suborbicular leaves Submerged plants often have lanceolate or linear leaves and long internodes, while in plants where the shoots reach the surface the internodes tend to be shorter and have rosettes of elliptic or spathulate leaves Other taxonomically useful characters, albeit unsuitable for use in species’ keys, are the morphology of pollen and the number of chromosomes This pattern is present in all tropical African species In pollen, the exine surface shows the Croton pattern, which is a reticulate pattern with processes (clavae) at the intersections of the walls (muri) (Erdtman, G., 1952, Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy: Angiosperms, p. 173)
[FTEA]

Common Names

English
Water-starwort

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0