Cucurbita maxima Duchesne

First published in Ess. Hist. Nat. Courges: 7 (1786)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is a cultigen from Bolivia to N. Argentina. It is a scrambling annual and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food and for food.


Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 20–1750 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bogotá DC, Bolívar, Boyacá, Cauca, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Auyama, Huyama, Wuir, Zapallo

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Climbing plant.
Cultivated in Colombia.
Alt. 20 - 1750 m.

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

ahuyama, ahuyama burrera, ahuyama candelaria, ahuyama cintura, ahuyama peruana, auyama, auyama blanca, auyama candelaria, auyama caturra, auyama común, auyama corazón de res, auyama lagartija, auyama pirul, auyama poteca, gallina, huyama, uyama, uyamera, vainillo, zapallera, zapallo

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1750 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident


Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Use Gene Sources
Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Food
Food (Toscano-González 2006).
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Common Names

Pumpkin, Squash, Winter Squash
Auyama, huyama, zapallo, wuir.


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database