Sagittaria Ruppius ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FTEA]

Alismataceae, Susan Carter. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, occasionally annual, monoecious, rarely dioecious, marsh or aquatic herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves erect, floating or submerged; leaf-blade of the erect leaves linear to broadly ovate, often with sagittate base; that of the floating leaves linear to ovate, with cuneate to cordate base; submerged leaves rarely lanceolate, usually modified into linear phyllodes, occasionally terete and spongy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect or sometimes floating, with 1–12 whorls, each usually 3-flowered, the upper ♂, the lower ♀; flowers occasionally replaced by branches; bracts 3; pedicels often thickened and recurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3, reflexed in the ♂ flowers, appressed, spreading or reflexed in the ♀ flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 3, white, rarely pink, sometimes with a purple spot near the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 9–∞; filaments filiform, sometimes flattened or broadened at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels ∞, free, spirally arranged on a convex receptacle; style ventral; ovules solitary, basal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose head of achenes which are much compressed laterally, winged and beaked.

[FZ]

Phytolaccaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Subshrubs or herbs sometimes becoming woody at base, annual and perennial.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, often with fascicles of leaves in axils, filiform or with distinctly broad lamina, sometimes more or less succulent, sessile or petiolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences spikes, terminal and axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, usually in clusters of 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts solitary, sometimes 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles sometimes present in pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, more or less equal, membranous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, three alternate with sepals and one opposite; filaments filiform, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, 1-ovulate; style absent or short; stigmas 4, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose to globose, ridged, muricate or warty.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1; testa dark brown or black.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Labrador, Laos, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Senegal, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Introduced into:

Azores, Borneo, Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Palestine, Society Is., South Australia, Tanzania, Tubuai Is.

Sagittaria Ruppius ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 993 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bogin in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 179-233 (1955).
  • Sp. Pl. 993 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Bogin in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 9: 179 (1955)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 429 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 993 (1753)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0