Crinum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 292 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.


Native to:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Azores, Bahamas, Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Line Is., Madeira, Marianas, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Nauru, North Carolina, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 393.
  • Sp. Pl. 291 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by I. Nordal [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Nordal & Wahlstrøm in Nord. J. Bot. 2: 465 (1982).
  • Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 179 (1977)
  • Verdoorn in Bothalia 11: 27 (1973)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak., Amaryll.: 74(1888)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 141 (1754)
  • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 179 (1977)
  • Sp. Pl.: 291 (1753)
  • Verdoorn in Bothalia 11: 27 (1973)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1981 Bjørnstad, I. [750] Tanzania K000365449 Type Yes
Nader, A. [378] Saudi Arabia K002850543 Yes
Robertson, S.A. [3131] Seychelles K002851712 Yes
[M. Tarranos] [s.n.] South Africa K002852292 Yes
James, E. [s.n.] Uganda K002851403 Yes
Pawek, J. [10385] Malawi K002851622 Yes
Wilman, M.; B.H. [[15230]] Namibia K002851910 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [15374] Thailand K002850847 Yes
[G. Cronemeyer] [s.n.] Ethiopia K002851255 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001097472 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heath, A.; Heath, R. [1932] Botswana K002851684 Yes
Methuen [M45] K002852361 Yes
Methuen, P. [S. n.] K002852349 Yes
Methuen, P. [M45] Mozambique K002852359 Yes
Nader, A. [177] Saudi Arabia K002850542 Yes
Bushell, S.W. [s.n.] China K002850580 Yes
s.coll. [4015] K002851670 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [20394] India K002850652 Yes
Sigee, D. [101] Maldives K002850694 Yes
Pits, P. [s.n.] K002852275 Yes
s.coll. [382] K002851625 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [3290] Angola K002851678 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] India K002850725 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852270 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852290 Yes
Wild, H. [3192] Zimbabwe K002851510 Yes
s.coll. [6820] Madagascar K002851707 Yes
Methuen, P. [M.42] Mozambique K002852350 Yes
Methuen, P. [M.42] Mozambique K002852351 Yes
Methuen, P. [M.42] Mozambique K002852352 Yes
Methuen, P. [M45] Mozambique K002852358 Yes
Methuen, P. [M42] South Africa K002852354 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852293 Yes
Methuen, P. [M45] Mozambique K002852357 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852294 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Madagascar K002851708 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [4937] Egypt K002852283 Yes
Morrow, J.C. [52] Australia K002850897 Yes
Lawrance, A.E. [3] Philippines K002850801 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [7746] Kenya K:SPC-17330.000 No
Wild, H. [3149] Zimbabwe K:SPC-19072.000 No
s.coll. [5928] India K002850671 Yes
Holst, C. [3548] Tanzania K002851408 Yes
Wood, J.J. [CL11] India K002850650 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852296 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852285 Yes
Pawek, J. [10688] Malawi K002851623 Yes
Fanshawe, D.B. [F 2835] Egypt K002852284 No
Merrill, E.D. [7078] Philippines K002850802 Yes
Cox, J.K. Ghana K:SPC-18883.000 No
Joyce, F. [11568] Kenya K:SPC-06435.000 No
Niyomdam, C. [1256] Thailand K002850832 Yes
s.coll. [39] French Guiana K000322325 Type Yes
Arockiasamy, D.I. [7397] India K002850726 Yes
Zimbabwe K:SPC-15595.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852027 Yes
Sørensen; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [7216] Thailand K002850840 Yes
[M34] K002852348 Yes
[M34] K002852346 Yes
[M34] K002852347 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131958 Unknown Type Material Yes
Collenette, I.S. [758] Saudi Arabia K002850548 Yes
Mabberley, D.J. [925] Madagascar K002851709 Yes
s.coll. [M115] K002852306 Yes
[Nicholitz] [s.n.] K002852286 Yes
Squires, R.W. [789] Vietnam K002850844 Yes
[Nw. Hait Te Hum] [4359] Thailand K002850842 Yes
Leteinturier, B.; Malaisse, F.; Matera, J. [331] Zambia K002851669 Yes
McGregor, R.C. [228] Philippines K002850799 Yes
Sørensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [3540] Thailand K002850841 Yes
Verdoorn, I.C. [2495] South Africa K002851909 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [759] Saudi Arabia K002850544 Yes
s.coll. [9] Angola K002851679 Yes
Leteinturier, B.; Malaisse, F.; Matera, J. [331] Zambia K002851668 Yes
Haines, H.H. [170] Bhutan K002850654 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [13032] Zimbabwe K002851511 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8972] K001131959 Unknown Type Material Yes
Conklin, H.C.; Bowaya [s.n.] Philippines K002850806 Yes
Coode, M.J.E. [4172] Reunion K002851711 Yes
Curtis, C. [480] Indonesia K002850793 Yes
Heath, A.; Heath, R. [1933] Botswana K002851682 Yes
Bally [B3726] Kenya K002851405 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8970] Burma K001131955 Unknown Type Material Yes
Methuen, P. [M42] Mozambique K002852353 Yes
Methuen [M45] K002852360 Yes
{Lord Methuen} [383] South Africa K002851916 Yes
s.coll. [540] K002852297 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852288 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Kenya K002851407 Yes
Gambia, The K:SPC-45566.000 No
Morrow, J.C. [53] Australia K002850898 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [5527 A] Thailand K002850839 Yes
Somalia K:SPC-19070.000 No
Wellman, F.C. [1774] Angola K002851674 Yes
Kostermans [25723] Sri Lanka K002850724 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Yemen K001097473 Unknown Type Material Yes
Menezes, A. [3529] Angola K002851673 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [12524] South Africa K002851912 Yes
Low, H. [s.n.] K002852287 Yes
Wood, J.J. [CL 11] India K002850655 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21298] Laos K002850845 Yes
Heath, A.; Heath, R. [1933] Botswana K002851683 Yes
Schweinfurth, C. [38] Sudan K002851254 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [5061] Egypt K002852279 Yes
Dassanayake, M.D. [646] K002852300 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852118 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [5007] Egypt K002852281 Yes
{Luke, Q.; Kibure, O.; Nacamo . E} [9925] Mozambique K002851666 Yes
Heath, A.; Heath, R. [2189] Botswana K002851680 Yes
Molmou, D.; Couch, C.; Gandteka, A.; Kaba, S. [32] Guinea K002851109 Yes
Azancot; Menezes [921] Angola K002851676 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852291 Yes
{Balb.} [M127] K002852307 Yes
Nation, O.; Nation, O. [s.n.] K002851914 Yes
s.coll. [646] K002852299 Yes
Lord Methuen; Thompson, S. [383] South Africa K002851915 Yes
Codd, L.E. [9236] K002851626 Yes
Chevalier, A.J.B. [24530] Mali K000354605 Holotype Yes
Mangubat, L. [s.n.] Philippines K002850803 Yes
{Balb.} [115] K002852305 Yes
Balfour, I.B. [s.n.] Yemen K000365451 Type Yes
Balfour, I.B. [s.n.] Yemen K000365450 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gossweiler, J. [1966] Angola K002851672 Yes
Collenette, S. [401] Saudi Arabia K002850547 Yes
McGregor, R.C. [152] Philippines K002850800 Yes
{Dassanayake} [540] K002852298 Yes
Hood, J.A. [649 - 52] K:SPC-35994.000 No
Sørensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [824] Thailand K002850843 Yes
Aké Assi, L. [8650] Cote d'Ivoire K002851106 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] South Africa K002852289 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852030 Yes
Kostermans [25723] Sri Lanka K002850723 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [5511] Egypt K002852282 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [3577] Angola K002851677 Yes
Deighton, F.C. [1984] Sierra Leone K002851105 Yes
s.coll. [657] China K002850578 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002852278 Yes
s.coll. [147] Indonesia K002852277 Yes
Hale [T.271] Kenya K002851406 Yes
s.coll. [19] South Africa K002852276 Yes
Harley, W.J. [1477] Liberia K002851108 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [5625] Kenya K:SPC-19071.000 No
Welwitsch [4017] Angola K002851675 Yes
Deighton, F.C. [6082] Sierra Leone K002851107 Yes
Gillett, J.B. [3558] South Africa K002851913 Yes
Eyles, F. [8796] Zimbabwe K:SPC-15596.000 No
Steiner, M.L. [s.n.] Philippines K002850805 Yes
{Balb.} [M 127] K002852308 Yes
Coode, M.J.E. [4172] Reunion K002851710 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001097471 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] South Africa K002851911 Yes
s.coll. [6748] Madagascar K002851706 Yes
s.coll. [534] Hong Kong K002850579 Yes
Batty [1186] Tanzania K:SPC-20462.002 No
Gambia, The K:SPC-45568.000 No
Sigee, D. [L] Maldives K002850695 Yes
Gambia, The K:SPC-45565.000 No
Van Someren, C. [7522] Uganda K002851402 Yes
Bachulkar, M.P. [[MPB-1826]] India K002850722 Yes
s.coll. [5061] Egypt K002852280 Yes
{Lord Methuen} [382] Zimbabwe K002851624 Yes
Heath, A.; Heath, R. [2189] Botswana K002851681 Yes
Ellen, R.F. [660] Indonesia K002850792 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [3239] Angola K002851671 Yes
Wild, H. [44538] Zimbabwe K:SPC-19069.000 No
Bachulkar, M.P. [MPB 1826] India K002850721 Yes
Collenette, S. [401] Saudi Arabia K002850546 Yes
Stiner, M.L. [s.n.] Philippines K002850804 Yes
Kirrika [116] Kenya K002851404 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [34405 A] India K002850653 Yes
Morse, H.B. [651] China K002850577 Yes
Clarkson, J.R. [2702] Australia K002850899 Yes
Forrest, G. [s.n.] China K002850576 Yes
Luke, Q.; Kibure, O.; Nacamo, E. [9974] Mozambique K002851667 Yes
Haines, H.H. [3574] India K002850651 Yes
Sierra Leone K:SPC-17329.000 No


  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    • The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
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    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
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