Capsicum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Tropical America.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Republic, Chad, Chile Central, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel Is., Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South European Russia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wake I., West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Baroza, G.E., Carrizo García, C., de Bem Bianchetti, L., Romero, M.V. & Scaldaferro, M. (2022). Monograph of wild and cultivated chili peppers (Capsicum L., Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 200: 1-423.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Smith & Heiser in Am. J. Bot. 38: 362 (1951).
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 250

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Capsicum L., Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 86 (1754).
  • Hunziker, Gen. Solanacearum: 232 (2001).
  • Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • 9th Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard.: 53–110 (1898);
  • Bothalia 14: 845–848 (1983);
  • DeWitt & Bosland, Peppers of the World (1996);
  • Fingerhuth, Monogr. gen. capsici: 1–32 (1832);
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 86 (1754);
  • Gen. Solanaceae: 232–244 (2001);
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 188 (1753)
  • van den Berg et al. (eds), Solanaceae V: 179–185 (2001)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 12, 2006 Wood, J.R.I., et al [21229] Bolivia K000036744 Yes
Jul 12, 2006 Wood, J.R.I., et al [13331] Bolivia K000036748 Yes
Jul 12, 2006 Mendoza, M.; Calzadilla, E. [363] Bolivia K000036742 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Pringle, C.P. [2544] Mexico K000585889 Type Yes
Dec 1, 2003 Custodio Filho, A. [s.n.] Brazil K001073049 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Reitz, R.; Klein, R.M. [1614] Brazil K001073028 Yes
Jan 1, 1964 Reitz, R.; Klein, R.M. [8548] Brazil K001073027 Yes
Jun 1, 1954 Burchell, W.J. [3472] Brazil K001073029 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Lucas, E.J. [667] Brazil K000788509 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Lucas, E.J. [667] Brazil K000788510 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Harley, R.M. [54171] Brazil K000788508 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Harley, R. [3445] Brazil K000788513 Yes
Eggers, H.F.A., von [5302] Cuba K001073054 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132446 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dusén, P. [7418] Brazil K001073032 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132448 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001073057 Yes
Liberia K:SPC-66192.000 No
Arsène, G. Mexico K000063187 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8872] Brazil K001073044 Yes
Miers, J. [s.n.] Brazil K001073053 Yes
Hassler, E. [215] Paraguay K000585897 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mexia, Y.E.J. [4328] Brazil K001073031 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132443 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hinton, G.B.; et al. [11977] Mexico K000063193 Yes
Skutch, A.F. [3596] Costa Rica K000585890 Type Yes
Du, N.V.; Quang, B.H.; Chinh, V.T.; The, P.V.; de Kok, R..; Xanthos, M.D.; Moore, A.; Sinou, C.J.A.M.; Clark, R.P.; Little, P.I. [HNK 2455] Vietnam K001528794 Yes
Prance, G.T.; Steward, J.R.; Ramos, J.F.; Farias, L.G. [9295] Brazil K001073050 Yes
Ecuador K:SPC-44406.000 No
Röttler, J.P. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132449 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132447 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hassler, E. [6498] Paraguay K000585894 Unknown Type Material Yes
Burchell, W.J. [3628] Brazil K001073055 Yes
Handro, O. [2206] Brazil K001073052 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132445 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2644] India K001116731 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dusén, P. [14437] Brazil K001073051 Yes
Taylor, N.P.; Knees, S.G. [429] Mexico K000063190 Yes
Hassler, E. [N2385] Paraguay K000585895 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132442 Unknown Type Material Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [12108] Brazil K001073047 Yes
Sandeman, C. [2038] Brazil K001073058 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [4168] Brazil K001073048 Yes
Caribbean K:SPC-66194.000 No
Caribbean K:SPC-66195.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132444 Unknown Type Material Yes
Müller, F. [174] Mexico K000063192 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [11385] Brazil K001073045 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [2428] Brazil K001073046 Yes
Hassler, E. [5703] Paraguay K000585896 Unknown Type Material Yes
Matuda, E. [2406] Mexico K000063191 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [3627] Brazil K001073056 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [2443] Brazil K001073030 Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images