Liliaceae Juss.

Lilium Tourn. ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to N. Philippines.


Liliaceae, John Grimshaw, D. Phil. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with an annual shoot arising from a many-scaled bulb; bulbs made of overlapping, fleshy scales, with strong perennial roots; stem erect, unbranched, leafy, sometimes producing roots at the base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves numerous, verticillate or scattered, usually decreasing in size up the stem, linear or lanceolate, occasionally broader
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, a raceme, or with solitary flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, subtended by bracts, nodding to erect, funnel-shaped, cup-shaped, bowl-shaped or bell-shaped, often with the perianth segments somewhat or greatly reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 6, petaloid and showy, free, caducous, each with a basal nectary-furrow, sometimes papillose on inner surface, occasionally hairy externally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anthers large, epipeltate or pseudobasifixed, versatile; filaments in two whorls, inserted at base of perianth segments, filiform to slightly flattened, bearing anthers at the mouth of the flower or greatly exserted from it
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style long, stigma 3-lobed (sometimes obscurely so)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule, bearing seeds in 2 rows within each locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, flat but not winged.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Costa Rica, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sweden, Tanzania, Tunisia, Utah, Victoria, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Lilium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
33943.000 No
33990.000 No
Nomocharis 34383.000 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 302 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Elwes, Monogr. Genus Lilium 1–83 (1877–1880)
  • Gen Pl. 5th ed.: 143 (1754)
  • McRae, Lilies: 1–392 (1998)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 302 (1753)
  • Synge, Lilies: 1–276 (1980)
  • Woodcock & Stearn, Lilies of the World: 1–431 (1950)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.