Parietaria L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temperate & Subtropical.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Polygamous annual or perennial herbs, often profusely branched; cystoliths dot-like
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences paired, dense, sessile or very shortly pedunculate clusters in the leaf axils, sometimes with very prominent bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary erect, free from the tepals, rudimentary in the male flowers; stigma sessile, penicillate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with ± tubular, 3–4-lobed perianth Flowers bisexual or unisexual. Hermaphrodite or male flowers 3–4-merous; tepals almost free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene enclosed in the persisting perianth.
Distribution
About 24 species, widely distributed in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions; one polymorphic species, P. debilis, in the mountains of tropical Africa and Asia.

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, polygamous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire, cystoliths dot-like; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of paired sessile or shortly pedunculate clusters in leaf-axils; bracts sometimes very prominent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual or unisexual Hermaphrodite flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free. Male flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free; rudimentary ovary present. Female flowers: with ± tubular, 3- or 4-lobed perianth, stigma sessile, penicillate, decidous, ovary symmetrical
sex Hermaphrodite
Hermaphrodite flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free.
sex Male
Male flowers: 3- or 4-merous; tepals almost free; rudimentary ovary present.
sex Female
Female flowers: with ± tubular, 3- or 4-lobed perianth, stigma sessile, penicillate, decidous, ovary symmetrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene enclosed in persistent perianth.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Brazil Northeast, Denmark, Finland, Haiti, Jamaica, New Caledonia, Norway, Poland, St.Helena, Sweden

Parietaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 296.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 115 (1888)
  • G. P. 3: 392 (1880)
  • Hutch., G. F. P. 2: 193 (1967)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5.: 471 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1052 (1753)

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0