Commelina Plum. ex L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 40 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Cosmopolitan.

Distribution

Native to:

Alabama, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marquesas, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Albania, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Christmas I., Connecticut, Cook Is., Czechoslovakia, Easter Is., Galápagos, Hawaii, Italy, Krym, Madeira, Maine, Marianas, Massachusetts, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ontario, Oregon, Palestine, Portugal, Québec, Romania, Samoa, Society Is., Spain, St.Helena, Tokelau-Manihiki, Vermont, Yugoslavia

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 33.
  • Sp. Pl. 40 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by R. B. Faden [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2019 Bidgood, S.; Merrett, L.; Vollesen, K. [8593] Zambia K001573959 Yes
May 1, 2010 Burtt, B.D. [3801] Tanzania K000739921 Type Yes
May 1, 2010 Burtt, B.D. [3801] Tanzania K000739922 Type Yes
Aug 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5147] Cameroon K000199747 Yes
Feb 1, 2005 Speke; Grant [s.n.] Tanzania K000345581 Syntype Yes
Dec 1, 2003 Kongor Raphael [48] Cameroon K000746187 No
Dec 1, 2003 Biye, E. [131] Cameroon K000746188 No
Jul 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [352] Cameroon K000108811 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Flores Cruz, M.; Espejo, A.; López-Ferrari, A.R. [502] Mexico K000363257 Isotype Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794514 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794515 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794516 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794513 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794507 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794506 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 1, 1928 Wight, R. [s.n.] India K000794505 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1881 Drake [s.n.] Guyana K000363252 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1881 Hartweg, T. [237] Mexico K000363264 Type Yes
Tweedie, E.M. [1350] Kenya K:SPC-06049.079 No
Cansdale, G.S. [01] Ghana K:SPC-04572.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8982] K001132016 Unknown Type Material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [4105] Angola K:SPC-38473.000 No
Bax, R.D. [P.] Tanzania K:SPC-02228.000 No
Lindley [s.n.] K000363248 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [1087] Kenya K:SPC-12966.000 No
Gerard, P. [Cat. no. 8985] India K001132021 Unknown Type Material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [9805] Tanzania K:SPC-04564.000 No
Whyte, A. [s.n.] Kenya K000345593 Unknown Type Material Yes
Baldwin, J.T. [12027] SU K:SPC-29807.000 No
Brenan, J.P.M. [8633a] Nigeria K:SPC-02206.000 No
Greenway, P.J.; Rawlins, S.P. [9343] Kenya K:SPC-04542.000 No
Lyall [106] Madagascar K000345652 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tweedie [753] Kenya K:SPC-02230.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8984] India K001132019 Unknown Type Material Yes
Brenan, J.P.M. [8525] Nigeria K:SPC-02211.000 No
Hunt, D.R. [7165] Mexico K:SPC-32925.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [1851] Kenya K:SPC-15116.000 No
Bidgood, S.; Darbyshire, I.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Sanchez-Ken, G.; Vollesen, K. [5441] Tanzania K000190671 Yes
Tweedie [1674] Tanzania K:SPC-02225.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [7732] Tanzania K:SPC-04570.000 No
Wild, H. [4746] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04558.000 No
Robson, N.K.B. [1617] Malawi K:SPC-38394.000 No
Greenway, P.J.; Polhill, R.M. [11743] Tanzania K:SPC-25504.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [1627] Kenya K:SPC-12964.000 No
Meikle, R.D. [583] Nigeria K:SPC-12963.000 No
Scott, H. Ethiopia K:SPC-02234.000 No
Harris, T. [580] Mozambique K000614171 No
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [1177] Tanzania K:SPC-03717.000 No
Sudan K:SPC-15117.000 No
Wild, H. [40791] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04571.000 No
Bax, R.D. [E] Tanzania K:SPC-02232.000 No
Richards [1760] Zambia K:SPC-02212.000 No
Faulkner, H. [1795] Tanzania K:SPC-04569.000 No
Tweedie [468A] Kenya K:SPC-02227.000 No
Stanfield [183] Nigeria K:SPC-02223.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [10206] Tanzania K:SPC-04567.000 No
Breedlove, D.E. [36520] Mexico K000501982 Yes
Rico, L.; UMSS students [1552] Bolivia K000295291 No
Tweedie [580A] Kenya K:SPC-02229.000 No
Goyder, D.J.; Gomes, A. [9018] Angola K001636003 Yes
Wightman, N.; Alfonsi, J.; Conradie, C.; Du Pleiss, D.; Du Pleiss, S; O'Connor, N. [NCW675] Zambia K001870054 No
M.M.C.; M.M.; A.F.B.; A.D.B. [Bot. 266] Botswana K001625366 Yes
Banze, A.; Osborne, J.; Magido, A. (guide) [AB578] Mozambique K001346746 No
Banze, A.; Osborne, J.; Datizua, C.; Mamba, A.; Mucaleque, P.; Rachide, T.; Maoji, S.O. (guide); Saide, R.O. (guide) [AB534] Mozambique K001346705 No
Langa, C.; Datizua, C.; Osborne, J.; Zandamela, J.; Melecuane, B. [CL69] Mozambique K001346613 No
Zandamela, J.; Datizua, C.; Osborne, J.; Langa, C.; Melecuane, B. [147] Mozambique K001346682 No
Osborne, J.; Rokni, S.; Machuama, B. [JO 1349] Mozambique K001346071 Yes
Osborne, J.; Langa, C.; Matimele, H.; Rokni, S.; Zandamela, J.; Cumbane, I. [JO 1366] Mozambique K001346088 Yes
Ekema, S.N. [587] Cameroon K001401591 Yes
Mamba, A.; Banze, A.; Datizua, C.; Osborne, J.; Mucaleque, P.; Rachide, T.; Ndala, B. (guide) [AM37] Mozambique K001346833 No
Ekema, S.N. [740] Cameroon K001383828 Yes
Dawkins, H.C. [374] Uganda K:SPC-04575.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [37139] Nigeria K:SPC-25652.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [4108] Angola K:SPC-06049.122 No
Schimper [1686] Ethiopia K000345570 Type Yes
Schimper [1686] Ethiopia K000345571 Unknown Type Material Yes
Tweedie [693A] Kenya K:SPC-02226.000 No
Jameson, W. [s.n.] Ecuador K000363244 Type Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [2923] Zambia K:SPC-38405.000 No
Gillespie [31] Kenya K:SPC-38411.000 No
Lind, E. [427] Uganda K:SPC-04565.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [3142] Zambia K:SPC-04555.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8985] India K001132022 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8985] Nepal K001132023 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [2538] Yemen K:SPC-41048.000 No
Fuller, K.A.P. [167B] Tanzania K:SPC-34202.000 No
Archbold, M.E. [566] Tanzania K:SPC-30528.000 No
Davis, A.P.; Rakotonasolo, F. [3116] Madagascar K:SPC-76553.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [4083] Kenya K:SPC-34086.000 No
Jameson, W. [177] K000363245 Unknown Type Material Yes
Verdcourt, B. [235] Tanzania K:SPC-04573.000 No
Pollard, B.J.; Williams; Isen; Mbom; Yama; Mom [1095] Cameroon K:SPC-77353.000 No
Rico, L.; Atahuachi, M.; Antesana, C.; Alvarez, L. [1609] Bolivia K000295250 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2567] Zambia K:SPC-02214.000 No
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3943] Kenya K:SPC-02221.000 No
Cribb, P.; Grey-Wilson, C. [10535] Tanzania K:SPC-37244.000 No
Tweedie, E. [1594] Tanzania K:SPC-02224.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [932] Kenya K:SPC-02202.000 No
Lind, E. [422] Uganda K:SPC-02215.000 No
Watermeyer, A.M. [5a] Tanzania K:SPC-03704.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8985] K001132025 Unknown Type Material Yes
Hepper, F.N. [1351] Cameroon K:SPC-01284.000 No
Watermeyer, A.M. [5] Tanzania K:SPC-01283.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8985] India K001132020 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bax, R.D. [0] Tanzania K:SPC-02233.000 No
Price, R.W.H.; Evans, G.B. [136] Cameroon K:SPC-38406.000 No
Lind, E. [423] Uganda K:SPC-04566.000 No
Cribb, P.; Grey-Wilson, C. [10100] Tanzania K:SPC-37197.000 No
Wild, H. [40764] Zimbabwe K:SPC-04554.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [10262] Tanzania K:SPC-04563.000 No
Tweedie [787] Kenya K:SPC-02194.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8985] K001132026 Unknown Type Material Yes
Barder [1477] Nigeria K000363185 Type Yes
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [1329] Tanzania K:SPC-01785.000 No
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [606] Kenya K:SPC-03772.000 No
Uganda K:SPC-02231.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [1350] Kenya K:SPC-38440.000 No
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8985] K001132024 Unknown Type Material Yes
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [792] Kenya K:SPC-03769.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [1852] Kenya K:SPC-04548.000 No
Wright, C. [700] United States K000854029 Type Yes
Greenway; Kanuri [12790] Kenya K:SPC-03360.044 No
Tweedie, E.M. [3355] Tanzania K:SPC-06049.145 No
Jones [6] Argentina K:SPC-45484.000 No

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/