Moquilea Aubl.

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 521 (1775)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Tropical America.

Descriptions

Sothers, C. A., Prance, G. T., Chase, M. W. 2016. Towards a monophyletic Licania: a new generic classification of the polyphyletic Neotropical genus Licania (Chrysobalanaceae). Kew Bulletin 71:58. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9664-3.

Morphology General Habit
Trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaf lower surface glabrous or lanate, never with stomatal cavities
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole with or without glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence panicles, racemes or racemose panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4 – 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 11 – 60 (– 90), in 1 – several rows (as in Couepia), inserted in a complete circle; filaments glabrous, usually far exceeding calyx lobes, less frequently only slightly exceeding or rarely equalling the calyx lobes, free or slightly united at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary lanate, tomentose or pilose, inserted at base of receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid, to 11 – 15 × 10 cm, epicarp glabrous, smooth, lenticellate, crustaceous or pubescent; endocarp glabrous or sparsely pubescent within
Distribution
A genus with 54 species distributed from Mexico, Central America (Panama, Nicaragua, Costa Rica), the Leeward and Windward Islands, and throughout South America (Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil).
Note
Bentham (1840) maintained Moquilea as a distinct genus and stated that it had similar flowers to Chrysobalanus (all fertile stamens and in a complete circle), differing mostly in the inflorescence type. Moquilea shares several morphological characters with Couepia, such as number of stamens, exserted stamens, and leaf pilosity, but differs in the placement of the ovary. Moquilea is retrieved as sister to Couepia in all our analyses (combined, plastid, ITS and Xdh) and in a separate lineage from Licania s.s., Leptobalanus, Hymenopus and Chrysobalanus. It appears in two lineages (M. egleri and M. minutiflora distinct from the rest of Moquilea) but morphologically they are not distinguishable and so we have maintained them as Moquilea pending further analyses.
[KBu]

Sources

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0