Fumaria Tourn. ex L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 700 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Europe to Central Asia, Macaronesia to India, Eritrea to Malawi, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

Descriptions

Fumariaceae, G. L Lucas (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1962

Morphology General Habit
Herbs usually annual, erect to long-stemmed and straggling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves cauline, 2–4-pinnatisect ; tendrils absent ; sometimes the petiolule & rhachis prehensile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in leaf-opposed racemes ; bracts usually persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers irregular, white to pink with some or all of the 4 petals dark pink to purple at their apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals papery
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petal bears a greenish keel which is often surrounded by a thinner margin or wing ; the lower petal is never spurred and is ± spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, united normally into 2 bundles of 3, as in Corydalis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovule 1
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a nutlet, smooth to rugose when dry.
[FTEA]

Fumariaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all cauline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic in leaf-opposed racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Only the upper petal spurred.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules 1 or 1 on each placenta.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a nutlet.
[FZ]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, usually annual
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2 to 4 times pinnately divided, sometimes with sensitive petiolules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes leaf-opposed; bracts usually persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Corolla irregular, with a spurred upper petal, 2 inner petals, and a lower petal. Stamens 6 in two bundles of 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded nut.
Distribution
Genus of some 50-60 species, from Europe and North Africa to central Asia and the Himalayas, one species in tropical Africa.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0