Alisma plantago-aquatica L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 342 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Temp. Eurasia, N. Africa to Tanzania. It is a perennial or helophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alaska, Angola, Argentina South, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Carter, S. (1960). Alismataceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-16.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 17: 1-298. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2000). Flora of North America North of Mexico 22: 1-352. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghafoor, A. (1974). Flora of Pakistan 68: 1-12. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2001). Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia 1: 1-411. Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield, USA. Plymouth, U.K.
  • Healey, A.J. & Edgar, E. (1980). Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Mehboob-ur-Rahman (2012). Wild plants of Swat, Pakistan 1: 1-281. Department of botany, govt. Jehanzeb post graduate college.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Navas Bustamante, L.E. (1973). Flora de la Cuenca de Santiago de Chile 1: 1-301. Comisión Central de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Chile.
  • Nikitina, E.V. & Protopopov, G.F. (eds.) (1952). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 1: 1-103. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1985). Flora of Iraq 8: 1-440. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zhao, Y.Z., Zhao, L.Q. & Rui, C. (eds.) (2019). Flora Intramongolica, edition 3, 6: 1-619. Typis Intramongolicae popularis, Huhhot.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Morrone, O. (eds.) (1996). Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledoneae). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la República Argentina 1: 1-323. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • de Salas, MF, Baker, ML (2022). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 1-161. Tasmanian Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. https://flora.tmag.tas.gov.au/resources/census/.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105–121.
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2012).
  • Biological Records Centre (BRC) (2012). Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora: Alisma plantago-aquatica. Available from: http://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/index.php?q=plant/alisma-plantago-aquatica (accessed 29 April 2012).
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles (BSBI). Maps Scheme.
  • Chase, M. W. & Reveal, J. L. (2009). A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 122–127.
  • Conran, J. G. (2012). The genus Alisma L. (Alismataceae) in South Australia. Journal of Adelaide Botanic Garden 25: 11–15.
  • Cope, T. (2009). The Wild Flora of Kew Gardens: A Cumulative Checklist from 1759. Kew Publishing, Surrey.
  • Crocker, W. & Davis, W. E. (1914). Delayed germination in seed of Alisma plantago. Botanical Gazette 58: 285–321.
  • Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants, 4th Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Global Invasive Species Database (2012).
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Version 2012.2. (Accessed 14 November 2012).
  • JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee) (2012). The Vascular Plant Red Data List for Great Britain: Conservation Designations for UK Taxa.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classification and Uses, 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Mabey, R. (1996). Flora Britannica. Sinclair-Stevenson, London.
  • Press, J. R., Shrestha, K. K. & Sutton, D. A. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal.
  • Samuelsson, G. (1912). Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. orientale. Arkiv för Botanik 24A(7): 16.
  • Spencer-Jones, R. & Cuttle, S. (2005). Wild Flowers of Britain and Ireland. Kyle Cathie, London.
  • Stace, C. (2010). New Flora of the British Isles, 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • The Plant List (2010). Alisma plantago-aquatica.
  • Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Moore, D. M., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M & Webb, P. A. (1980). Flora Europaea. Volume 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae (Monocotyledons). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • WCSP (2012). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • eFloras.org (2012). Flora of Pakistan: Alisma plantago-aquatica.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Carter in F.T.E.A., Alismataceae: 5, fig.3 (1960).
  • Cook, Aq. Wetl. Pl. Sthn. Africa: 49, fig.28 (2004).
  • Gibbs Russell in Kirkia 10: 435 (1977).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 342 (1753).
  • Obermeyer in F.S.A. 1: 96, fig.29.1 (1966).
  • Symoens & Billiet in F.A.C., Alismataceae: 8, pl.3 (1975).
  • Wild in Kirkia 2: 36, t.13A (1961).
  • Wright in F.T.A. 8: 207 (1901).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 17: 1-298. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2000). Flora of North America North of Mexico 22: 1-352. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghafoor, A. (1974). Flora of Pakistan 68: 1-12. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2001). Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia 1: 1-411. Science Publishers, Inc. Enfield, USA. Plymouth, U.K.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1978). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Healey, A.J. & Edgar, E. (1980). Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Hộ, P.-H. (1993). Câycỏ Việtnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Maire, R. (1952). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 1: 1-366. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Navas Bustamante, L.E. (1973). Flora de la Cuenca de Santiago de Chile 1: 1-301. Comisión Central de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Chile.
  • Nikitina, E.V. & Protopopov, G.F. (eds.) (1952). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 1: 1-103. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
  • Ohwi, J. (1984). Flora of Japan (in English): 1-1067. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Rechinger. K.H. (1971). Flora Iranica 78-86 Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Symoens, J.J. & Billet, F. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Alismataceae: 1-21. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1985). Flora of Iraq 8: 1-440. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O. & Morrone, O. (eds.) (1996). Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledoneae). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la República Argentina 1: 1-323. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Buchen., A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 15: 13 (1903), pro parte.
  • C. H. Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 8: 207 (1902).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 342 (1753).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [91] Russia K003192118 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] France K003192111 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003192114 Yes
s.coll. [626] K003192123 Yes
Willkommii, H.M. [815] Spain K003192101 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Germany K003192132 Yes
Atchley, S.C. [251] Greece K003192113 Yes
[Gritz] [s.n.] Austria K003192138 Yes
[Coûteslux] [1033] Belgium K003192141 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] Cote d'Ivoire K003192108 Yes
Lemos, F. [212] Portugal K003192097 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Germany K003192131 Yes
Dörfler, I. [s.n.] Austria K003192140 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003192115 Yes
Floderus, M. [s.n.] Sweden K003192126 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] France K003192109 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] K003192105 Yes
{Hj. Hjelt} [s.n.] Finland K003192124 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Austria K003192137 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Malta K003192103 Yes
Belmonte, D.; Sing, H. [s.n.] Spain K003192099 Yes
Day, C.D. [746] Turkey K000341682 Yes
Pin, C. [s.n.] France K003192110 Yes
Michel, E. [s.n.] Belgium K003192142 Yes
Billot, C. [s.n.] Germany K003192130 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K003192135 Yes
[illegible] [s.n.] Germany K003192127 Yes
[Jodarn] [s.n.] Italy K003192104 Yes
Grabmayr, V. [s.n.] Austria K003192139 Yes
{Th. Delacour} [s.n.] France K003192107 Yes
Cook, C.D.K.; Gallucci, R. [5440] Italy K003192102 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K003192134 Yes
{R. A. Maas Geesteranus} [4266] Netherlands K003192144 Yes
[illegible] [81] Spain K003192098 Yes
Meebold, A. [s.n.] Germany K003192129 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K003192112 Yes
Meebold, A. [s.n.] Germany K003192128 Yes
Aellen, P. [1918] France K003192106 Yes
Reverchon, E. [s.n.] Spain K003192100 Yes
Fröding, H.A. [s.n.] Sweden K003192121 Yes
Samuelsson, G. [s.n.] Sweden K003192125 Yes
{R. A. Maas Geesteranus} [4266] Netherlands K003192143 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Switzerland K003192133 Yes
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] K003192122 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4998] India K001104452 Unknown Type Material Yes
Blanchet [s.n.] Switzerland K003192136 Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0